The Bonobos: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation / Edition 1

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The Bonobos: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation provides a succinct yet comprehensive review of the current state of research and conservation efforts regarding the bonobos (Pan paniscus). The bonobos are one of the least known of the great apes although they are one of our closest living relatives, sharing 98.8% of DNA sequences. This text summarizes and analyses scientific research on the bonobos, as well as presents the most up-to-date findings from the field and captive studies. Further, the text presents compelling findings and solid population assessments for estimating wild population density and distribution.

The first section of the book presents research progress in the study of behavior of captive bonobos. These behavioral studies make important strides in our understanding of bonobo social relationships, agonistic dominance, social play, and signaling. The outcomes concerning high social status of females and flexible and complicated social communication may shed light on the study of evolution of both bonobos and humans.

The second section deals with ecological studies that have been carried out since the post-conflict resumption of field research in Democratic Republic of Congo. Methodologies that have been improved over recent years in the study of the other great apes have now been applied to the study of bonobos, which enables comprehensive comparison for understanding hominid adaptation to African tropical forest. Furthermore, differing and newly developed census methods have been employed to reveal the current status of bonobos in Africa's largest forested protected area, the Salonga National Park.

The text's final section centers on the most urgentconservation priorities and reviews local and global aspects of the factors threatening the wild bonobo population. The role of humans in the future of bonobo conservation is examined, as well as how the world's only sanctuary for orphaned bonobos can respond to the consequences of the live animal trade. Encouraging reports detail the presence and abundance of bonobos existing across their historic range. These contributions not only illuminate the current status of the bonobos but allow for critically designing the next steps for the continuation of their future.

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Editorial Reviews

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From the reviews:

"This volume … focuses on the lesser-known species of chimpanzee, Pan paniscus, commonly known as the bonobo or the pygmy chimpanzee. … provides a comprehensive, current perspective on the behavior and ecology of both captive and wild bonobos, as well as the major threats facing their survival. … This work is thus a welcome and important contribution to the primate literature. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty." (L. Swedell, Choice, Vol. 46 (2), October, 2008)

"Highlights of this book are the number of Congolese scientists and researchers … recognise that many people interested in the results might not have English as their first (second or even third) language. … The papers are excellent and interesting … . to those working with counting apes elsewhere. … All in all, the book has vital data, good use of analytical techniques and novel discussions of the conservation prospects of the ‘last chimpanzee’, all of which make it well worth owning … ." (P. C. Lee, Primate Eye, August, 2009)

"The Bonobos, edited by Takeshi Furuichi and Jo Thompson, consists of information presented in two symposia held at the 2006 International Primatological Society Congress in Uganda. … The main thrust of the book is the updating of field studies and new data on conservation. … The Bonobos is a welcome update on the state of bonobo research, particularly in the post-war environment of Central Congo." (Randall L. Susman, Primates, Vol. 50, 2009)

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Contributors     ix
Introduction   Takeshi Furuichi   Jo Thompson     1
Behavioral Study Section
Foreword   Frans B.M. de Waal     11
The Bonobo's Adaptive Potential: Social Relations under Captive Conditions   Jeroen M.G. Stevens   Hilde Vervaecke   Linda Van Elsacker     19
What Does Agonistic Dominance Imply in Bonobos?   Tommaso Paoli   Elisabetta Palagi     39
Social Play in Bonobos: Not Only an Immature Matter   Elisabetta Palagi   Tommaso Paoli     55
Gestures and Multimodal Signaling in Bonobos   Amy S. Pollick   Annette Jeneson   Frans B.M. de Waal     75
Ecological Study Section
Foreword   Richard Wrangham     97
Longitudinal Structure of a Unit-group of Bonobos: Male Philopatry and Possible Fusion of Unit-groups   Chie Hashimoto   Yasuko Tashiro   Emi Hibino   Mbangi Mulavwa   Kumugo Yangozene   Takeshi Furuichi   Gen'ichi Idani   Osamu Takenaka     107
Seasonal Changes in Fruit Production and Party Size of Bonobos at Wamba   Mbangi Mulavwa   Takeshi Furuichi   Kumugo Yangozene   Mikwaya Yamba-Yamba   Balemba Motema-Salo   Gen'ichi Idani   Hiroshi Ihobe   Chie Hashimoto   Yasuko Tashiro   Ndunda Mwanza     121
Relationships among Fruit Abundance, Ranging Rate, and Party Size and Composition of Bonobos at Wamba   Takeshi Furuichi   Mbangi Mulavwa   Kumugo Yangozene   Mikwaya Yamba-Yamba   Balemba Motema-Salo   Gen'ichi Idani   Hiroshi Ihobe   Chie Hashimoto   Yasuko Tashiro   Ndunda Mwanza     135
Bonobo (Pan paniscus) Density Estimation in the SW-Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo: Common Methodology Revisited   Meike Mohneke   Barbara Fruth     151
Ecological Factors Influencing Bonobo Density and Distribution in the Salonga National Park: Applications for Population Assessment   Gay Edwards Reinartz   Patrick Guislain   T.D. Mboyo Bolinga   Edmond Isomana   Bila-Isia Inogwabini   Ndouzo Bokomo   Maufta Ngamankosi   Lisalama Wema Wema     167
Range Occupation and Population Estimates of Bonobos in the Salonga National Park: Application to Large-scale Surveys of Bonobos in the Democratic Republic of Congo   Falk Grossmann   John A. Hart   Ashley Vosper   Omari Ilambu     189
Conservation Study Section
Foreword   Cosma Wilungula Balongelwa     219
Traditional Land-use Practices for Bonobo Conservation   Jo Myers Thompson   Lubuta Mbokoso Nestor   Richard Bovundja Kabanda     227
Human Hunting and its Impact on Bonobos in the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo   John A. Hart   Falk Grossmann   Ashley Vosper   Jose Ilanga     245
The Bonobos of the Lake Tumba-Lake Maindombe Hinterland: Threats and Opportunities for Population Conservation   Bila-Isia Inogwabini   Matungila Bewa   Mbende Longwango   Mbezo Abokome   Miezi Vuvu     273
Changes in the Status of Bonobos, their Habitat, and the Situation of Humans at Wamba in the Luo Scientific Reserve, Democratic Republic of Congo   Gen'ichi Idani   Ndunda Mwanza   Hiroshi Ihobe   Chie Hashimoto   Yasuko Tashiro   Takeshi Furuichi     291
The Conservation Value of Lola ya Bonobo Sanctuary   Claudine Andre   Crispin Kamate   Pierrot Mbonzo   Dominique Morel   Brian Hare     303
Index     323
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