The Book of Alternative Photographic Processes / Edition 1

The Book of Alternative Photographic Processes / Edition 1

by Christopher James, James
     
 

Including his own work among that of featured photographic artists, James (Art Institute of Boston) explores contemporary and traditional innovative alternative and non-silver processes in a conversational, opinionated manner. He overviews historical development and options for the pinhole camera, the negative, digital art forms, plastic cameras, and specific… See more details below

Overview

Including his own work among that of featured photographic artists, James (Art Institute of Boston) explores contemporary and traditional innovative alternative and non-silver processes in a conversational, opinionated manner. He overviews historical development and options for the pinhole camera, the negative, digital art forms, plastic cameras, and specific processes (e.g., cyanotype, kallitypes, image transfer). Appends information on safety, unit conversions, setup for a UV exposure unit and workspace, curriculum/workshop inventory, material and Internet resources.

Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780766820777
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
06/21/2001
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
8.48(w) x 10.74(h) x 0.76(d)

Table of Contents

FORWARD MATTER
Title Page
Copyright Page
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments
Introduction
THE PINHOLE:
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History: Conception & Connections
o The Thumbnail Principle
o A Little Science
o How To Make a Pin Hole Camera & Pinhole Construction
o Testing the Camera
o Finding the Correct Exposure & Making Pictures
Pinhole Recommendations, Resources, & Related Web Sites
THE NEGATIVE: TRADITIONAL & ALTERNATIVE OPTIONS
Overview & Expectations
A Little History
Tiphaigne de la Roche's, Giphantie, (1760)
o An Appropriate Time to Explain Things
o What Negative Density Means
o Negative Production Options
o Commercial Labs, Copy Machine, Desk-Top Printers
o Acrylic Negatives from Printed Sources
o Polaroid Type 55 Positive / Negative Film
o Conventional Films
o The Cliché Verre & The Photogram
o Single Stage Negative to Negative Duplicating
o Multi-Stage Duplicating Films
o Exposure & Development Considerations
o Pyro
Soemarko's LC-1 & LC-1B Low Contrast Lith Formulas
DIGITAL OPTIONS
   
Overview & Expectations
A Little History: The Digesting Duck to the Present
o My View: the Present State of the Digital Arts
o A Digital Caveat
o A Digital Negative: A Layman's Explanation
o Making CMYK Separation Negatives
THE PLASTIC CAMERA
Overview & Expectations
A Little History
o Toy Camera Philosophy & The Six Plastic Virtues
o Plastic Camera Hints, Tips, & Shutter Modification
THE SALTED PAPER PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
The Camera Lucida
o Chemistry and Formulas
o Gelatin, Sea Salt, & Starch Salting Formulas
o The Silver Nitrate Sensitizing Formula & Application
o Coating & Printing Salted Paper
o Pre Wash & Wash Considerations
o Toning Formulas for the Salted Paper Process
o Gold Borax, Gold-Thiocyanate, Gold-Acetate Toning
Platinum, Palladium, Gold 231, & Blue-Gray Toning
o Fixing the Salted Paper Print
o Contrast Control & Final Wash
THE CYANOTYPE PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
o How Cyanotype Works
o The Chemistry: Chemicals and Sensitizer Formula
o The Negative
o Paper, Fabric Surfaces & Sensitizing
The Hake Brush
o A Few Words About the Sun & Exposing the Cyanotype
o Development: Water or Acid Options
o Washing and Instant Gratification Oxidization
o Clearing Highlights
o Trouble-shooting & Formulas for Toning the Cyanotype
CYANOTYPE VARIATIONS: FABRICS & THE NEW CYANOTYPE
o Overview & Expectations
o Materials & Preparation of Fabrics
o Making Images: Chemistry & Formula
o Coating, Printing, & Development
o Post Development Options, Toning & Care
The New Cyanotype
o A Little History
o Five Shortcomings of the Classic Cyanotype Process
o Chemical Solutions for the First 3 Shortcomings
o Chemistry, Preparation, Coating & Drying
o Negatives, Exposure, Processing, & Clearing
THE KALLITYPES: VAN DYKE, B-V-D, KALLITYPE, & BROWNPRINT PROCESSES
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
The Van Dyke process
o Van Dyke Chemistry: Sensitizing & Fixing
o Papers, Sizing, & Negatives
o Coating, Exposure, & Processing Steps for the Van Dyke
o Lead Acetate, Gold 231, Selenium, Blue, & Split Toning
The Blue-Van-Dyke Process (B-V-D)
The Kallitype Process
The Sensitizer
o A Little History
o The Process: Chemistry, Formula & Preparation
Brush & Glass Rod Coating and Preparing a Hake Brush
Exposing the Print
o Development Option #1: Black, Sepia, Brown, Gray-Blue Tones
o Development Option #2: Ammonium Citrate and Sodium Acetate
Alternative Toning Options for Kallitype
Contrast Control, Clearing, Fixing Formulas & Final Wash
The Brownprint Process
o Overview of Sensitizer: Chemistry & Preparation
o Exposure, Development, Fixing & Washing
THE PLATINUM / PALLADIUM PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
o The Process Explained & Supplies and Materials
o The Negative
o Papers & Sizing
o The Chemistry, Sensitizer, & Developers
o Developer Formulas: Ammonium Citrate & Potassium Oxalate
o Clearing Bath Formulas (EDTA) & an Emergency Clearing Bath
o The Sensitizer Formulas: Platinum & Palladium
o Platinum / Palladium Drop Chart
o Coating the Paper & Exposure
o Developing the Platinum / Palladium Image
Pre-Washing, Clearing, Final Wash & Trouble-shooting
Gum, Cyanotype, and Van Dyke with Pt / Pd
THE ZIATYPE PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
o How it Works & the Process
o Abbreviation Symbols for Ziatype
o Ziatype Drop Count Formulas
o The Process: Mixing, Coating, & Exposure
o POP Observations, Contrast Control, & Process Considerations
THE ANTHOTYPE PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
o Materials: Flowers, Berries & Alcohol
o The Working Process
PAPER: HISTORY, SHRINKING, SIZING & HARDENING
o Overview & Expectations
A Few Words About the History of Paper
o Shrinking, Sizing, & Hardening
o Formalin & Glyoxal
o Materials You Will Need
o The Sizing Process
o Formalin & Glyoxal Hardening Baths & Processes
The Gelatin-Glyoxal Single Step Solution
o Arrowroot, Gesso-Acrylic, Polyurethane, & Gum Sizing
THE GUM BICHROMATE PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
A Little History
Collotype, Calotype, Woodburytype, & The Fish-Glue Process
o How Gum Bichromate Works
o A Few Words Before Beginning
o The Gum Negative & Registration
o Ammonium Dichromate Sensitizer
o Watercolors, Gum Arabic, & Glue
o Traditional Sensitizer Formulas
o Sensitizing the Paper & Staining
o Coating & Exposure
o Printing with a Single Color and One Negative
o Development & Clearing the Print
o Multiple Negative Printing
o Trouble-shooting & Resources
DICHROMATE OPTIONS:
3-D Gum, Gum Bichromate on Alternative Surfaces, The Dusting-On Process & The Ferro-Tannic Iron & Ferro-Gallic Processes
Overview & Expectations
o The 3-D Gum Bichromate Process
How 3-D Works, Negatives, & Process
Gum Bichromate on Alternative Surfaces
The Basic Premise
The Tooth, Coating, Exposure & Processing
The Dusting-On process
o A Little History
o The Process: Contemporary
Working on Glass
o Traditional Materials, Chemistry & Formulas
o Hot & Humid Image Development
o The Transfer Option & Herschel's Breath Printing Process
The Ferro-Tannic / Ferro-Gallic Iron Processes
o A Little History
o Chemistry, Sensitizing, Intensifying, & Toning Processes
THE ALBUMEN PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
o A Little History
o How the Albumen Process Works
o Method #1: Traditional Raw Egg Method
o Method #2: The Powdered Albumen Method
Method #3: The Instant Gratification Method
o Coating & Floating the Paper: Glossy or Matte Coating
Hardening & Sensitizing Paper: Silver to Salt Ratio
The Effects of Silver Albumenate
o Exposure, Processing, Toning & Fixing the Albumen Print
A Simple Test for Residual Silver & Washing the Albumen Print
POP: THE PRINTING OUT PROCESS
Overview & Expectations
A Little History
POP Formulas and Process
Pre-Coated POP Papers & Process
Gold-Thiocyanate & Gold-Alkaline Toners
Replenishment of Gold Toners
Platinum, Gold-Platinum, Split Toning, & Gold-Borax Toning
Fixing and Final Wash for POP
HAND APPLIED EMULSIONS: Photo-Etching & Resists, Paint, The Contemporary Tintype, The Wet Collodion & Ambrotype Processes.
o Overview & Expectations
Varieties of Liquid Emulsions and Hardening Liquid Emulsions
o Emulsions on Glass, Ceramics and Metal: Materials & Process
o Solarplates, Photo-Resists, Simple Resists, Formulas & Etching
Contemporary Tintype Process:
o A Little History
o The Dry Plate Process
o Coating, Exposure, Development, & Trouble-shooting
Wet Collodion & Ambrotype Process
A Little History
The Ambrotype Process
Salted Collodion Emulsion, Developer, & Fixer
Mounting, Varnishing, & the Presentation of Ambrotypes
THE MORDANÇAGE PROCESS
o Overview & Expectations
o Materials & Process
o Re-development & Depouillment (gelatin removal)
o Oxidation & Final Steps
IMAGE TRANSFER PROCESSES: Color Lazer, Heat Transfer, Lazertran System, Polaroid Transfers & Emulsion Lifts & Ink Jet Water Transfer
o Overview & Expectations
How a Color Laser Copier Works
Copyright and Post-Modernism
o At the Copy Store & Materials
o Color Laser Solvent Transfer, Varneytype, Blender Pens
o Water & Dry Mount Process
Fabrics, Transfers & Non-Silver
Lazertran Transfer Systems
o Transfer Processes for Paper, Glass, Metal, Wood, & Plaster
Lazertran Silk & Fabric Transfer
Lazertran Etch
Polaroid Emulsion Transfers & Emulsion Lifts
What is Polaroid Film & How it Works?
o Materials & Processes for Transfers & Emulsion Lifts
o Exposing Type 59 in an Enlarger
Ink Jet Water Transfer Process
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A: SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS & DATA FOR CHEMICALS USED IN THIS BOOK
MSDS and Lab Safety Web Sites
Simple Definitions: pH, Acid, Alkali
Working With Chemicals: Always & Never Rules
CAS Numbers
Chemicals and Definitions
Disclaimer
APPENDIX B: US / METRIC CONVERSION TABLES
o Dry and Liquid Measures Conversions (small volume)
Temperature Conversions
Percentages: Description & Calculation
APPENDIX C: HOW TO MAKE A SIMPLE UV EXPOSURE UNIT
o Overview, Materials and How to Make One
APPENDIX D: A WORKING INVENTORY FOR PLANNING AN ALTERNATIVE PROCESS WORKSHOP OR CLASS
o Materials and Set Up for the Working Space
   
APPENDIX E: A MODEST LIST OF RESOURCES
o Chemicals, Lab Gear & Kits
o www.msdssearch.com
o Lab Materials & Art Supplies
o Film & Photographic Supplies
o Scans, Digital Printing, Books, Postcards, Portfolios
APPENDIX F: ALTERNATIVE PROCESSES ON THE INTERMENT
APPENDIX G: AN ALTERNATIVE PROCESS WORKING SPACE
APPENDIX H: SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY: CONTEMPORARY & HISTORICAL

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