The Barnes & Noble Review
Paul Auster is a superb memoirist (The Invention of Solitude), an original, sometimes enigmatic novelist (The New York Trilogy), and a screenwriter responsible for such idiosyncratic creations as Smoke and Lulu on the Bridge. The Book of Illusions brings together his gift for fluid, evocative prose and his ongoing fascination with the aesthetics of film to produce a dark, moving meditation on the power -- and fragility -- of art.
College professor David Zimmer succumbs to an extended, near-suicidal depression when his wife and sons die in a plane crash. While mindlessly channel-surfing one drunken evening, he stumbles across a clip from a silent comedy starring Hector Mann, a mysterious figure who disappeared in 1929. Intrigued -- then ultimately obsessed -- by Mann, Zimmer devotes himself to a rigorous examination of Mann's 12 films and eventually publishes a critical study on them. When the book comes out, a stranger contacts Zimmer, informing him that Mann is very much alive and inviting him to the filmmaker's private hideaway in New Mexico. What follows is a complex, constantly surprising story -- a narrative of Zimmer's cross-country journey and a series of revelations about the guilty secret that warped Mann's life, changing him from an ambitious artist to a reclusive genius living in a self-contained world.
Packed with narrative pleasures -- most notably the detailed analyses of Mann's films, descriptions so precise and thoroughly real it's difficult to believe the films don't actually exist -- The Book of Illusions is an intelligent, elegantly written novel that displays Auster's prodigious talent for creating dark atmosphere and exposing the mysterious connections between art and life. Bill Sheehan
David Zimmer, an English professor in Vermont, is trying to rebuild his life-after his family perishes in an airplane crash-by researching the work of Hector Mann, a minor figure from the era of silent movies, in this enigmatic, elliptical 10th novel, one of Auster's best. As in much of the writer's fiction, the narrative revolves around coincidence, fate and odd resonances. Mann's world, like Zimmer's, collapses in a single instant, and Mann, like Zimmer, embarks on self-imposed exile as a way to deal with his grief and do penance. Mann disappeared at the height of his career in 1929, but when Zimmer's book about him is published in the 1980s, it elicits a mysterious invitation: would Zimmer like to meet Mann, who is alive and has been working in secret as actor/director Hector Spelling? The skeptical scholar is lured from Vermont by Alma Grund, who grew up around Mann and is writing his biography. As Grund and Zimmer fall in love, she fills in the decades-long gap in Mann's life-a strange American odyssey that culminated on a ranch in New Mexico where he made movies he refused to screen for anyone. As in previous novels, Auster here makes the unbelievable completely credible, and his overall themes are very much of a piece with those of earlier works: the "mutinous unpredictability of matter" and the way storytellers shape and organize unpredictability. A darker and more somber mood shadows this book; Mann and Zimmer both are tragic figures-even melodramatic-and their stories are compelling. Auster is a novelist of ideas who hasn't forgotten that his first duty is to tell a good story. (Sept.) Forecast: Auster devotees will fall upon his latest with glee, recognizing it as a worthy successor to his classic New York Trilogy. The novel should do very well in the short run-it is a BOMC and QPB selection, and foreign rights have been sold in 16 countries-but its true success may be as a staple of Auster's backlist. Author tour. Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information.
After his wife and two young sons are killed in a plane crash, comparative literature professor David Zimmer is unable to deal with his grief. By accident, he discovers the works of Hector Mann, an almost forgotten silent film comedian and director who disappeared in 1929. Writing a book about Hector's 12 short films brings a degree of order into David's life. Then David discovers that Hector is not only still alive but has been making films in secret on his New Mexico ranch. David's strange journey there leads to more chaos, death, and guilt. Like Auster's best works, such as The New York Trilogy, The Book of Illusions is a postmodern meditation on the nature of art, especially the question of which is more important, art or life, and whether they are inseparable for the artist. David's investigation into Hector's unusual life and the descriptions of his films are fascinating. Auster himself reads in a slightly halting manner, reminiscent of Rod Serling, though his often melodramatic tale might have been better served by a professional reader. Recommended for all collections.-Michael Adams, CUNY Graduate Ctr. Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
Auster's tenth novel is one of his finest: an elegant meditation on the question of whether an artist or his public "owns" the work he creates, and a thickly plotted succession of interlocking mysteries reminiscent of his highly praised New York Trilogy (The Locked Room, 1986, etc.). Narrator David Zimmer is a professor of comparative literature at a small Vermont college with an impressive resumé and a promising academic future, until his wife and young sons perish in a 1985 plane crash. Following an extended period of drunken despair (eloquently and harrowingly described), Zimmer indulges a casual interest in obscure silent film comedian hector Mann, whose disappearance in 1929 has never been explained. David researches and writes a book about Mann's films (occasioning several brilliant set pieces summarizing their contents), and in 1988 receives a letter from New Mexico informing him that Hector Mann is still alive, and is interested in meeting David. The novel picks up dizzying speed as that letter (ostensibly sent by Mann's protective wife Frieda Spelling) is followed by the appearance of Alma Grund (a beautiful young woman despite a disfiguring facial birthmark), who brings David to the (now nonagenarian) Mann's southwestern ranch, spins a lavish tale of scandal and self-exile that fills in a 60-year gap, and compulsively recapitulates the former comedian's various fateful ordeals, leaving Zimmer once again bereaved and alone. The heavy excess of plot never feels arbitrary or contrived, because Auster (Timbuktu, 1999, etc.) writes with such persuasive directness about both Zimmer's conflicted death-in-life and efforts to get beyond it, and Mann's understandably buried past and quietdesperation to order and give meaning to-and eventually extinguish-his accident-strewn personal history. Further dimensions are added by Zimmer's ironically thematically related intellectual pursuits, particularly his fascination with French writer Chateaubriand's elusive, many-leveled autobiography. In many ways, a summa of Auster's entire oeuvre, and a gripping and immensely satisfying novel in its own right. Author tour
From the Publisher
“A nearly flawless work . . . Auster will be remembered as one of the great writers of our time.” San Francisco Chronicle
“Mr. Auster's elegant, finely calibrated Book of Illusions is a haunting feat of intellectual gamesmanship.” The New York Times
“This noirish, layered tale will keep you guessing to the very end.” Time Out New York
Read an Excerpt
Everyone thought he was dead. When my book about his films was published in 1988, Hector Mann had not been heard from in almost sixty years. Except for a handful of
historians and old-time movie buffs, few people seemed to know that he had ever existed.
Double or Nothing, the last of the twelve two-reel comedies he made at the end of the silent era, was released on November 23, 1928. Two months later, without saying good-bye to any of his friends or associates, without leaving behind a letter or informing anyone of his plans, he walked out of his rented house on North Orange Drive and was never seen again. His blue DeSoto was parked in the garage; the lease on the property was good for another three months; the rent had been paid in full. There was food in the
kitchen, whiskey in the liquor cabinet, and not a single article of Hector's clothing was missing from the bedroom drawers.
According to the Los Angeles Herald Express of January 18, 1929, it looked as though he had stepped
out for a short walk and would be returning at any moment. But he didn't
return, and from that point on it was as if Hector Mann had vanished from the
face of the earth.
For several ears following his disappearance, various stories and rumors
circulated about what had happened to him, but none of these conjectures ever
amounted to anything. The most plausible ones -- that he had committed
suicide, or fallen victim to foul play -- could neither be proved nor disproved,
since no body was ever recovered. Other accounts of Hector's fate were
more imaginative, more hopeful, more in keeping with the romantic implications
of such a case. In one, he had returned to his native Argentina and was
now the owner of a small provincial circus. In another, he had joined the
Communist Party and was working under an assumed name as an organizer among the
dairy workers in Utica, NY. In still another, he was riding the rails
as a Depression hobo. If Hector had been a bigger star, the stories no
doubt would have persisted. He would have lived on in the things that were
said about him, gradually turning into one of those symbolic figures who inhabit
the nether zones of collective memory, a representative of youth and hope and
the devilish twists of fortune. But none of that happened, for the fact
was that Hector was only just beginning to make his mark in Hollywood when his
career ended. He had come too late to exploit his talents fully, and he hadn't
stayed long enough to leave a lasting impression of who he was or what he could
do. A few more years went by, and little by little people stopped thinking
about him. By 1932 or 1933, Hector belonged to an extinct universe, and if
there were any traces of him left, it was only as a footnote in some obscure
book that no one bothered to read anymore. The movies talked now, and the
flickering dumb shows of the past were forgotten. No more clowns, no more
pantomimists, no more pretty flapper girls dancing to the beat of unheard
orchestras. They had been dead for just a few years, but already they felt
prehistoric, like creatures who had roamed the earth when men still lived in
I didn't give much information about Hector's life in my book. The Silent World of Hector Mann was a study of his films, not a biography, and whatever small facts I threw in about his onscreen activities came directly from the standard
sources: film encyclopedias, memoirs, histories of early Hollywood. I wrote the book because I wanted to share my enthusiasm for Hector's
work. The story of his life was secondary to me, and rather than speculate on
what might or might not have happened to him, I stuck to a close reading of the
films themselves. Given that he was born in 1900, and given that he had not been
seen since 1929, it never would have occurred to me to suggest that Hector Mann
was still alive. Dead men don't crawl out from their graves, and as far as I was
concerned, only a dead man could have kept himself hidden for that long.
The book was published by the University of Pennsylvania Press eleven years ago this past March. Three months later, just after the first reviews had started to appear in the film quarterlies and academic journals, a letter turned up in my mailbox. The envelope was larger and squarer than the ones commonly sold in stores, and because it was made of thick, expensive paper, my initial response was to think there might be a wedding invitation or a birth announcement inside. My name and address were written out across the front in an
elegant, curling script. If the writing wasn't that of a professional calligrapher, it no doubt came from someone who believed in the virtues of graceful penmanship, a person who had been schooled in the old academies of etiquette and social decorum. The stamp was postmarked Albuquerque, New Mexico, but the return address on the back flap showed that the letter had been
written somewhere else -- assuming that there was such a place, and assuming that the name of the town was real. Top and bottom, the two lines
read: Blue Stone Ranch; Tierra del Sueño, New Mexico. I might have smiled when I saw those
words, but I can't remember now. No name was given, and as I opened the envelope to read the message on the card inside, I caught
a faint smell of perfume, the subtlest hint of lavender essence.
Dear professor Zimmer, the note said. Hector has read
your book and would like to meet you. Are you interested in paying us a
visit? Yours sincerely, Frieda Spelling (Mrs. Hector Mann).
I read it six or seven times. Then I put it down, walked to the other end of the room, and came back. When I picked up the letter again, I
wasn't sure if the words would still be there. Or, if they were there, if they would still be the same words.
I read it six or seven more times, and then, still not sure of anything, dismissed it as a prank. A moment
later, I was filled with doubts, and the next moment after that I began to doubt
those doubts. To think one thought meant thinking the opposite thought, and no sooner did that second thought destroy the first thought than a third thought rose up to destroy the second. Not knowing what else to do, I got into my car and drove to the Post office. Every address in America was listed in the zip code directory, and if Tierra del
Sueño wasn't there, I could throw away the card and forget all about it. But it was there. I found it in volume one on page 1933, sitting on the line between Tierra Amarilla and
Tijeras, a proper town with a post office and its own five-digit number. That
didn't make the letter genuine, of course, but at least it gave it an air of credibility, and by the time I returned home, I knew that I would have to answer it. A letter like that can't be ignored. Once you've read it, you know that if you don't take the trouble to sit down and write back, you'll go on thinking about it for the rest of your life.
I haven't kept a copy of my answer, but I remember that I wrote it by hand and
tried to make it as short as possible, limiting what I said to just a few sentences. Without giving it much thought, I found myself adopting the flat, cryptic style of
the letter I had received. I felt less exposed that way, less likely to be taken as a fool by the
person who had masterminded the prank -- if indeed it was a prank. Give or take a word or two, my response went
something like this: Dear Frieda Spelling. I would like to meet Hector
Mann. But how can I be sure he's alive? To the best of my knowledge,
he hasn't been seen in more than a half century. Please provide details.
Respectfully yours, David Zimmer.
We all want to believe in impossible things, I suppose, to persuade ourselves
that miracles can happen. Considering that I was the author of the only book
ever written on Hector Mann, it probably made sense that someone would think I'd
jump at the chance to believe he was still alive. But I wasn't in the mood
to jump. Or at least I didn't think I was. My book had been born out
of a great sorrow, and now that that book was behind me, the sorrow was still
there. Writing about comedy had been no more than a pretext, an odd form
of medicine that I had swallowed every day for over a year on the off
chance that it would dull the pain inside me. To some extent, it
did. But Frieda Spelling (or whoever was posing as Frieda Spelling) couldn't have known that. She
couldn't have known that on June 7, 1985, just one week short of my tenth wedding
anniversary, my wife and two sons had been killed in a plane crash. She might have seen that the book was dedicated to them
(For Helen, Todd, and Marco -- In Memory), but those names couldn't have meant anything to her, and even if she had
guessed their importance to the author, she couldn't have known that for him those names stood for everything that had any meaning in life
-- and that when the thirty-six-year-old Helen and the seven-year-old Todd and
the four-year-old Marco had died, most of him had died along with them.
Copyright © 2002 Paul Auster