Booker T. Washington: A Biography [NOOK Book]

Overview

ABOUT THE BOOK



“Few living Americans have made a deeper impression on public opinion, softened or removed so many prejudices, or awakened greater hopefulness in relation to the solution of a problem, encompassed with a thousand difficulties and perplexing the minds of philanthropists and statesmen,” reads the introduction from Dr. J.L.M. Curry in one of Booker T. ...
See more details below
Booker T. Washington: A Biography

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 7.0
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 10.1
  • NOOK HD Tablet
  • NOOK HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK eReaders
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook)
$2.99
BN.com price

Overview

ABOUT THE BOOK



“Few living Americans have made a deeper impression on public opinion, softened or removed so many prejudices, or awakened greater hopefulness in relation to the solution of a problem, encompassed with a thousand difficulties and perplexing the minds of philanthropists and statesmen,” reads the introduction from Dr. J.L.M. Curry in one of Booker T. Washington’s  autobiographies, The Story of My Life and Work. When these words were published in 1901, the majority of the United States, particularly the majority of white America, believed them to be true.

Washington was born and lived throughout one of America’s most tumultuous times. He was born in 1856, before the Civil War. He lived through Reconstruction and during the rise of Jim Crow. Significant events were happening throughout the United States during Washington’s life, and he managed to have a significant impact on the nation.

Booker T. Washington lived an extraordinary life. His story is truly a “rags to riches” tale. That much is not in question. However, his stances on racism and the circumstances of blacks in the early 20th century are still argued today.

Acclaimed African-American author and scholar W.E.B. Du Bois dedicated an entire chapter of his book  The Souls of Black Folk to Washington. In that chapter, he calls Washington’s rise to power and fame as “the most striking thing in the history of the American Negro since 1876.” What was so striking about it?

Well, Washington was born a slave. In fact, he was among the last of the great black leaders born in slavery. He went from being a slave in Virginia to being free and dirt poor in West Virginia. He had to start working in a salt furnace when he was just nine years old.

Fast forward several years and Washington had founded a college. A couple decades later he was the first African-American invited to the White House. By that point, Washington was the spokesman for blacks across the country, whether they liked it or not. Yes, his life and rise to power could be described as striking.

Yet, in that same chapter of  The Souls of Black Folk, Du Bois, who was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), notes that “Mr. Washington represents in Negro thought the old attitude of adjustment and submission...”

He is referring to Washington’s  Atlanta Compromise. In this speech given in Atlanta in 1895, Washington outlined his beliefs and agenda. Whereas many blacks, including other prominent black leaders, wanted an end to disfranchisement and demanded equal rights, Washington urged his people to take it slow.

He believed blacks should “concentrate all their energies on  industrial education, and accumulation of wealth, and the conciliation of the South.” The focus on vocational, or industrial, education stemmed from the fact that at the time, most blacks lived in the South, where the economy was overwhelmingly agricultural. Washington hoped that if blacks would focus on useful, agricultural skills, they would prove themselves worthy of more rights.

EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK



The audience for his speech was mixed--whites and blacks from the North and the South. A reporter from the New York World commented that the whites in the crowd were confused by Washington’s presence when he got on the stage.

In his speech, which has since been titled the  Atlanta Compromise, he said, “Our greatest danger is that in the great leap from slavery to freedom, we may overlook the fact that the masses of us are to live by the productions of our hands and fail to keep in our mind that we shall prosper as we learn to dignify and glorify common labor.”

By “common labor,” he meant agriculture, mechanics, commerce, and domestic service--the kind of work he was emphasizing at Tuskegee. Furthermore, Washington asserted that it did not make sense to fight for civil rights and cause social agitation. Instead, blacks would be a loyal people who would work hard in various forms of “common labor.” He noted that blacks and whites could remain separate while still working together to advance Southern commerce. Social integration, according to Washington, was not necessary.

The speech has been called a compromise because Washington mentioned a shared responsibility. Blacks would work hard and in return Washington did request that whites trust them with opportunities so that they could together advance the nation.

The speech was initially met with a standing ovation and cheering. Whites in the crowd were particularly excited about Washington’s admission that the races could
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940015028836
  • Publisher: Hyperink
  • Publication date: 7/26/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 145 KB

Meet the Author

Jasmine Evans is a graduate of Princeton University and native of Chester, Pennsylvania. At Princeton, she majored in Sociology and had a minor in African-American Studies. She currently lives in the San Francisco Bay Area with her bunny, Penelope.
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)