Middle East and Islamic World Reader

Middle East and Islamic World Reader

1.0 1
by Marvin E. Gettleman
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0802139361

ISBN-13: 9780802139368

Pub. Date: 03/01/2003

Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

The Muslim world is tremendously rich and diverse, yet few Westerners are familiar with the writings and teachings of a culture that in recent months has come to the forefront of world events. In their insightful new anthology The Middle East and Islamic World Reader, historians Marvin E. Gettleman and Stuart Schaar have assembled a broad selection of documents and

Overview

The Muslim world is tremendously rich and diverse, yet few Westerners are familiar with the writings and teachings of a culture that in recent months has come to the forefront of world events. In their insightful new anthology The Middle East and Islamic World Reader, historians Marvin E. Gettleman and Stuart Schaar have assembled a broad selection of documents and contemporary scholarship to give a view of the history of the peoples from the core Islamic lands, from the Golden Age of Islam to today. With carefully framed essays beginning each chapter and brief introductory notes accompanying over seventy readings, the anthology reveals the multifaceted societies and political systems of the Islamic world. Selections range from theological texts illuminating the differences between Shiite and Sunni Muslims, to diplomatic exchanges and state papers, to memoirs and literary works, to manifestos of Islamic radicals. The anthology spans the distance from Tunisia to India through writings by such key figures as the early Muslim historian Ibn Khaldun, Turkish founding father Kemal Ataturk, Israeli statesman David Ben-Gurion, and the Iranian revolutionary leader Ayatollah Khomeini. The readings chart the effects of the Islamic world's interactions with outsiders -- from the invasions of Central Asian nomads and Crusading Europeans in the Middle Ages, to European colonization in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries -- as well as its own internal evolution, through accounts of peasants, urban workers, and the experience of Muslim women. Wide-ranging and thought-provoking, The Middle East and Islamic World Reader is a fascinating historical survey of complex societies that -- now more than ever -- are crucial for us to understand.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780802139368
Publisher:
Grove/Atlantic, Inc.
Publication date:
03/01/2003
Pages:
380
Product dimensions:
6.01(w) x 9.03(h) x 1.07(d)

Table of Contents

General Introduction1
Chapter IIslamic Beginnings: Revelation, State Building, and Culture
Introduction5
1.The Quran and other Islamic Texts12
2.Shiite and Sunni Views on Political Legitimacy21
(a)Abd al-Hassan Ali al-Mawardi, On Choosing a Caliph22
(b)Allama al-Hilli on the Shiite Imamate24
3.Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Sina [Avicenna], The Ideal Muslim Intellectual26
4.Rabia al-Adawiyya al-Qaysiyya, A Woman's Voice in Sufi Poetry29
5.Abu al-Rayhum Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni, A Muslim Scholar Examines Hinduism31
Chapter IIFrom the Coming of Steppe Peoples to the Age of Gunpowder Empires
Introduction37
6.Disasters Strike the Muslim World46
(a)Usamah ibn-Munquidh, An Arab Perspective on the Crusades46
(b)Rashid al-Din Fazlullah, The Mongol Conquest of Baghdad48
(c)Ahmad al-Maqrizi, The Bubonic Plague in Syria and Egypt51
7.Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun, Effective Rule and Dynastic Cycles54
8.Shah Abbas and Emperor Jahangir Debate the Persian Conquest of Kandahar58
9.Suraiya Faroqhi, Ottoman Women's Lives62
Chapter IIIContradictions of Modernity: Imperialism and Social Change
Introduction69
10.Decrees from the Ottoman Tanzimat80
(a)The Gulhane Proclamation81
(b)An Ottoman "Bill of Rights"82
11.Social and Economic Change in the Ottoman Empire84
(a)Suraiya Faroqhi, Ottoman Peasants85
(b)Hanna Batatu, Political Centralization in Iraq and Kurdistan88
(c)Donald Quataert, Manufacturing Workshops92
(d)Alexander Scholch, European Trade with Palestine95
12.Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Plan for Islamic Union97
Chapter IVThe Two World Wars and Their Aftermaths
Introduction103
13.Conflicting Promises During World War I113
(a)Sharif Husayn ibn Ali, Desire for Arab Independence113
(b)Sir Henry McMahon, Qualifying British Pledges115
(c)The Sykes-Picot Agreement on Dividing up Arab Lands116
14.Vahakn N. Dadrian, The Fate of the Armenians in World War I119
15.Challenges to New Nations: Afghanistan, Turkey, and the Fertile Crescent122
(a)Queen Soraya, The Liberation of Afghan Women123
(b)Mustafa Kemal, Design for a Modern Secular Turkish State125
(c)Halide Edib [Adivar], Dictatorship and Reform in Turkey127
(d)Michel Aflaq, Purifying the National Ideal: Baath Ideology132
16.Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Divide India; Create Pakistan135
17.Peter Sluglett and Marion Farouk-Sluglett, Divide and Rule in British-Controlled Iraq138
Chapter VArabs and Zionists Struggle Over Palestine
Introduction147
18.Zionism and its Early Arab Opponents165
(a)Theodor Herzl, Zionism: The Vision of an Eventual Jewish State165
(b)Rashid Rida, Pay Attention to Zionist Encroachment168
(c)"Tiberias," Warning of Zionist Colonization168
19.The Balfour Declaration and the Mandate Period169
(a)The Balfour Declaration: A Jewish Home in Palestine170
(b)The General Syrian Congress, Our Objections to Zionism and Western Imperialism171
(c)James Ramsay MacDonald, Letter to Chaim Weizmann173
(d)Vladimir Jabotinsky, Let Us Settle Palestine and Transjordan174
20.Palestine on Eve of World War II176
(a)Ted Swedenburg, The Palestinian Revolt, 1936-39177
(b)The Arab Response to the Proposed Partition of Palestine182
(c)The British Government's White Paper on Palestine184
(d)The Biltmore Program186
21.The Creation of the State of Israel188
(a)UN General Assembly, the Partition Plan: Resolution #181189
(b)UN General Assembly, Palestinian Right of Return: Resolution #194191
(c)The Israeli Knesset, The Law of Return192
22.Arab Assertions: Out of Despair Revived Nationalism193
(a)Nizar Qabbani, The Catastrophe of Arab Defeat194
(b)Palestinian National Council, The National Charter198
23.Reaching for Peace: United Nations Security Council Resolutions201
(a)UN Resolution #242: Withdrawal from Occupied Territory201
(b)UN Resolution #338: End the Fighting203
24.Transformation of Palestinian Politics203
(a)Yasir Arafat, We Recognize Israel204
(b)Hanan Mikhail-Ashrawi, The Meaning of the Intifada205
(c)Charter of the Islamic Resistance Movement of Palestine (Hamas)207
25.The Peace Process211
(a)Principles of a Peace Agreement--Oslo, Norway212
(b)Yitzhak Rabin, The Price of Occupation214
(c)The Taba Negotiations215
26.Impasse and New Intifada221
(a)King Husayn I of Jordan, Eulogy of Yitzhak Rabin221
(b)Ariel Sharon, Program for Dealing with the Palestinians222
(c)Marwan Barghouti, Grassroots Leadership and the Second Intifada225
(d)The Arab League, Ratification of the Peace Plan Proposed by Crown Prince Abdullah ibn Abd al-Aziz of Saudi Arabia228
(e)Palestinian Intellectuals' Urgent Appeal to Stop Suicide Bombings230
(f)George W. Bush, A New and Different Palestinian Leadership232
Chapter VIGeopolitics of Oil and the Cold War Conflict
Introduction237
27.U.S. Presidential Policies, 1947-2002244
(a)The Truman Doctrine245
(b)The Eisenhower Doctrine247
(c)George H. W. Bush, The New World Order248
(d)William J. Clinton, The Battle Against Terrorism250
(e)George W. Bush, Beyond Containment and Deterrence to Preemptive Action251
28.Intervention and Revolution in Iran253
(a)Muhammad Mossadeq, Nationalizing Iranian Oil254
(b)Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini, Iran in Imperialism's Clutches255
(c)Ervand Abrahamian, Democracy or Theocracy: Iran's Islamic Republic257
29.OPEC and the World Economy262
(a)Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries: Getting Our Share262
(b)Crown Prince Fahd ibn Abd al-Aziz, Oil and the World Economy263
30.Wars at the End of the Twentieth Century and the Beginning of the Twenty-First266
(a)Joe Stork, The First Gulf War: Iran vs. Iraq, 1980-88266
(b)The United Nations and the Second Gulf War: Security Council Resolution #687269
(c)George H. W. Bush, The Second Gulf War and Kicking the Vietnam Syndrome271
(d)Zbigniew Brzezinski, "Some Stirred-up Muslims": Reflections on Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan273
Chapter VIIIdeologies, Movements, and Social Trends
Introduction277
31.Egypt and Lebanon: Secularism and Confessionalism288
(a)Jamal Abd al-Nasser, Arab Socialism289
(b)Anwar Sadat, Infitah: Opening to the West291
(c)The Taif Agreement: Syrian Influence over Lebanon293
32.Early Ideologues of Islamic Radicalism296
(a)Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Taimiyya, Against Heretical Innovation297
(b)Hasan al-Banna, Overcome Western Materialism300
(c)Sayyid Qutb, Corruptions of the Modern World303
33.Modern Islamic Radicalism306
(a)Saad Eddin Ibrahim, Egypt's Islamic Militants307
(b)Taliban Decrees about Women, Men's Beards, Children's Games, and Music310
Chapter VIII9/11: Terrorism, War, Global Responsibility
Introduction317
34.The Threat of Osama bin Laden and American Responses324
(a)Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders: The 1998 Fatwa325
(b)George W. Bush, Hand Over Terrorists or Share Their Fate327
(c)Congresswoman Barbara Lee, No Blank Check to President Bush329
35.The Policy Debate331
(a)George W. Bush, Battling the Axis of Evil332
(b)Brent Scowcroft, Don't Attack Saddam334
(c)Richard A. Falk, Global Patriotism337
36.The Historical Context: The West and Islam344
(a)Bernard Lewis, The Clash of Civilizations345
(b)Edward W. Said, The Clash of Ignorance349
Glossary355
Select Bibliography363
Index369

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