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Forty Studies that Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research / Edition 6
     

Forty Studies that Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research / Edition 6

by Roger R. Hock Ph.D.
 

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ISBN-10: 013603599X

ISBN-13: 9780136035992

Pub. Date: 04/28/2008

Publisher: Pearson

This unique book closes the gap between psychology textbooks and the research that made them possible by offering a first hand glimpse into 40 of the most famous studies in the history of the field, and subsequent studies that expanded upon each study's influence. Readers are able to grasp the process and excitement of scientific discovery as they experience an

Overview

This unique book closes the gap between psychology textbooks and the research that made them possible by offering a first hand glimpse into 40 of the most famous studies in the history of the field, and subsequent studies that expanded upon each study's influence. Readers are able to grasp the process and excitement of scientific discovery as they experience an insider's look at the studies that continue today to be cited most frequently, stirred up the most controversy when they were first published, sparked the most subsequent related research, opened new fields of psychological exploration, and changed most dramatically our knowledge of human behavior.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780136035992
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
04/28/2008
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

1 Biology and Human Behavior

One Brain or Two?

Gazzaniga, M. S. (1967). The split brain in man. Scientific American, 217(2), 24—29.

More Experience = Bigger Brain

Rosenzweig, M. R., Bennett, E. L., & Diamond, M. C. (1972). Brain changes in response to experience. Scientific American, 226(2), 22—29.

Are you A “Natural?”

Bouchard, T., Lykken, D., McGue, M., Segal, N., & Tellegen, A. (1990). Sources of human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, 250, 223—229.

Watch Out For The Visual Cliff!

Gibson, E. J., & Walk, R. D. (1960). The “visual cliff.” Scientific American, 202(4), 67—71.

2. Perception and Consciousness

TAKE A LONG LOOK . . .

Fantz, , R.L., (1961). The origin of form perception. Scientific American, 204(May), 61-72.

To Sleep, No Doubt to Dream...

Aserinsky, E., & Kleitman, N. (1953). Regularly occurring periods of eye mobility and concomitant phenomena during sleep. Science, 118, 273—274.

Dement, W. (1960). The effect of dream deprivation. Science, 131, 1705—1707.

Unromancing the Dream

Hobson, J. A., & McCarley, R. W. (1977). The brain as a dream-state generator: An activation-synthesis hypothesis of the dream process. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 1335—1348.

Acting as if you are Hypnotized

Spanos, N. P. (1982). Hypnotic behavior: A cognitive, social, psychological perspective. Research Communications in Psychology, Psychiatry, and Behavior, 7, 199—213.

3 Learning

It’S Not Just About Salivating Dogs!

Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes. London: Oxford University Press.

Little Emotional Albert

Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1—14.

Knock Wood!

Skinner, B. F. (1948). Superstition in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 168—172.

See Aggression... Do Aggression!

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575—582.

4 Intelligence, Cognition, and Memory

What You Expect Is What You Get

Rosenthal, R., & Jacobson, L. (1966). Teachers’ expectancies: Determinates of pupils’ IQ gains. Psychological Reports, 19, 115—118.

Just How Are You Intelligent?

Gardner, H. (1983) Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

Maps In Your Mind

Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55, 189—208.

Thanks For The Memories!

Loftus, E. F. (1975). Leading questions and the eyewitness report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560—572.

5 Human Development

Discovering Love

Harlow, H. F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 673—685.

Out Of Sight, But Not Out Of Mind

Piaget, J. (1954). The development of object concept: The construction of reality in the child (pp. 3—96). New York: Basic Books.

How Moral Are You?

Kohlberg, L. (1963). The development of children’s orientations toward a moral order: Sequence in the development of moral thought. Vita Humana, 6, 11—33.

In Control And Glad Of It!

Langer, E. J., & Rodin, J. (1976). The effects of choice and enhanced personal responsibility for the aged: A field experiment in an institutional setting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 191—198.

6 Emotion And Motivation

A Sexual Motivation...

Masters, W. H., & Johnson, V. E. (1966). Human sexual response. Boston: Little, Brown.

I Can See It All Over Your Face!

Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1971). Constants across cultures in the face and emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 124—129.

Life, Change, And Stress

Holmes, T. H., & Rahe, R. H. (1967). The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11, 213—218.

Thoughts Out Of Tune

Festinger, L., & Carlsmith, J. M. (1959). Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203—210.

7 Personality

Are You The Master Of Your Fate?

Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80, 1—28.

Masculine or Feminine... or Both?

Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 155—162.

Racing Against Your Heart

Friedman, M., & Rosenman, R. H. (1959). Association of specific overt behavior pattern with blood and cardiovascular findings. Journal of the American Medical Association, 169, 1286—1296.

The One; The Many

Triandis, H., Bontempo, R., Villareal, M., Asai, M., & Lucca, N. (1988). Individualism and collectivism: Cross-cultural perspectives on self-ingroup relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 323—338.

8 Psychopathology

Who’s Crazy Here, Anyway?

Rosenhan, D. L. (1973). On being sane in insane places. Science, 179, 250—258.

You’Re Getting Defensive Again!

Freud, A. (1946). The ego and the mechanisms of defense. New York: International Universities Press.

Learning to be Depressed

Seligman, M. E. P., & Maier, S. F. (1967). Failure to escape traumatic shock. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74, 1—9.

Crowding into the Behavioral Sink

Calhoun, J. B. (1962). Population density and social pathology. Scientific American, 206(3), 139—148.

9 Psychotherapy

Choosing your Psychotherapist

Smith, M. L., & Glass, G. V. (1977). Meta-analysis of psychotherapy outcome studies. American Psychologist, 32, 752—760.

Relaxing Your Fears Away

Wolpe, J. (1961). The systematic desensitization treatment of neuroses. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 132, 180—203.

Projections of Who You Are

Rorschach, H. (1942). Psychodiagnostics: A diagnostic test based on perception. New York: Grune & Stratton.

Picture This!

Murray, H. A. (1938). Explorations in personality (pp. 531—545). New York: Oxford University Press.

10 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

A PRISON BY ANY OTHER NAME . . .

Zimbardo, P.G. (1972). The pathology of imprisonment. Society, 9(6). 4-8.

The Power Of Conformity

Asch, S. E. (1955). Opinions and social pressure. Scientific American, 193(5), 31—35.

To Help Or Not To Help

Darley, J. M., & Latané, B. (1968). Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 377—383.

Obey At Any Cost?

Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 371—378.

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