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World: A History, Volume C / Edition 2
     

World: A History, Volume C / Edition 2

by Felipe Fernandez-Armesto
 

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ISBN-10: 0136061508

ISBN-13: 2900136061501

Pub. Date: 02/16/2009

Publisher: Pearson

The World interweaves two stories—of our interactions with nature and with each other. The environment-centered story is about humans distancing themselves from the rest of nature and searching for a relationship that strikes a balance between constructive and destructive exploitation. The culture-centered story is of how human cultures have become

Overview

The World interweaves two stories—of our interactions with nature and with each other. The environment-centered story is about humans distancing themselves from the rest of nature and searching for a relationship that strikes a balance between constructive and destructive exploitation. The culture-centered story is of how human cultures have become mutually influential and yet mutually differentiating. Both stories have been going on for thousands of years. We do not know whether they will end in triumph or disaster.

There is no prospect of covering all of world history in one book. Rather, the fabric of this book is woven from selected strands. Readers will see these at every turn, twisted together into yarn, stretched into stories. Human-focused historical ecology–the environmental theme–will drive readers back, again and again, to the same concepts: sustenance, shelter, disease, energy, technology, art. (The last is a vital category for historians, not only because it is part of our interface with the rest of the world, but also because it forms a record of how we see reality and of how the way we see it changes.) In the global story of human interactions–the cultural theme–we return constantly to the ways people make contact with each another: migration, trade, war, imperialism, pilgrimage, gift exchange, diplomacy, travel–and to their social frameworks: the economic and political arenas, the human groups and groupings, the states and civilizations, the sexes and generations, the classes and clusters of identity.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900136061501
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
02/16/2009
Series:
Felipe Fernandez-Armesto, The World, 2/e Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
432

Table of Contents

Volume 1: Chapters 1-15
Volume 2: Chapters 13-30
Volume A: Chapters 1-10
Volume B: Chapters 11-20
Volume C: Chapters 20-30

  

Part 8: Global Enlightenments, 1700-1800

Chapter 20

Driven by Growth: The Global Economy in the Eighteenth Century

 

Population Trends


•Urbanization
•Explanations
•Medicine
•The Ecology of Disease

Economic Trends: China, India, and the Ottoman Empire


•China
•India
•The Ottoman Empire and Its Environs

The West’s Productivity Leap


•The Scientific Background
•The British Example

The Expansion of Resources


•The Global Gardening

In Perspective: New Europes, New Departures

 

 

Chapter 21

The Age of Global Interaction: Expansion and Intersection of Eighteenth-Century Empires

 

Asian Imperialism in Arrest or Decline: China, Persia, and the Ottomans


•China
•The Asian Context
•Persia and the Ottoman Empire

Imperial Reversal in India: Mughal Eclipse and British Rise to Power

 

The Dutch East Indies

 

The Black Atlantic: Africa, the Americas, and the Slave Trade

 

Land Empires of the New World


•The Araucanos and the Sioux
•Portugal in Brazil
•Spanish America
•Creole Mentalities
•Toward Independence

In Perspective: The Rims of Empires

 

Chapter 22

The Exchange of Enlightenments: Eighteenth-Century Thought

 

The Character of the Enlightenment

 

The Enlightenment in Global Context


•The Chinese Example
•Japan
•India
•The Islamic World

The Enlightenment’s Effects in Asia


•The Enlightenment and China
•Western Science in Japan
•Korea and Southeast Asia
•The Ottomans
•The Enlightenment in Europe
•The Belief in Progress
•New Economic Thought
•Social Equality
•Anticlericalism

The Crisis of the Enlightenment: Religion and Romanticism


•Religious Revival
•The Cult of Nature and Romanticism
•Rousseau and the General Will
•Pacific Discoveries
•Wild Children
•The Huron and Noble Savage

The French Revolution and Napoleon


•Background to the Revolution
•Revolutionary Radicalism
•Napoleon

In Perspective: The Afterglow of Enlightenment

 

Part 9: The Frustrations to Progress to ca. 1900

Chapter 23

Replacing Muscle: The Energy Revolutions

 

Global Demographics: The World’s Population Rises

 

Food: Transition to Abundance

 

Energy for Power: Militarization and Industrialization


•Militarization
•Industrialization

Industrializing Europe

 

Industry in the Americas

 

Japan Industrializes

 

China and Industrialization

 

India and Egypt

 

In Perspective: Why the West?

 

Chapter 24

The Social Mold: Work and Society in the Nineteenth Century

 

The Industrialized Environment


•Palaces of Work: The Rise of Factories
•Critics of Industrialization: Gold from the Sewers

Urbanization

 

Beyond Industry: Agriculture and Mining

 

Changing Labor Regimes


•Slavery and the Slave Trade
•Female and Child Labor
•Free Migrants

Hunters and Pastoralists

 

Elites Transformed

 

In Perspective: Cultural Exchange–Enhanced Pace, New Directions

 

Chapter 25

Western Dominance in the Nineteenth Century: The Westward Shift of Power and the Rise of Global Empires

 

The Opium Wars

 

The White Empires: Rise and Resistance

 

Methods of Imperial Rule


Business Imperialism

 

Imperialism in “New Europes”

 

Empires Elsewhere: Japan, Russia, and the United States


•Japan
•Russia
•The United States

Rationales of Empire


•Doctrines of Superiority
•The Civilizing Mission

In Perspective: The Reach of Empires

 

 

Chapter 26

The Changing State: Political Developments in the Nineteenth Century

 

Nationalism


•Nationalism in Europe
•The Case of the Jews
•Nationalism Beyond Europe

Constitutionalism

 

Centralization, Militarization, and Bureaucratization


•In and Around the Industrializing World
•Beyond the Industrializing World

Religion and Politics

 

New Forms of Political Radicalism


•Steps Toward Democracy
•The Expansion of the Public Sphere

Western Social Thought

 

In Perspective: Global State-Building

 

Part 10: Chaos and Complexity: The World in the Twentieth Century

Chapter 27

The Twentieth Century Mind: Western Science and the World

 

Western Science Ascendant


•China
•India
•The Wider World

Transformation of Western Science


•Physics
•Human Sciences
•Anthropology and Psychology
•Philosophy and Linguistics

The Mirror of Science: Art

 

The Turn of the World

 

In Perspective: Science, Challenging and Challenged

 

Chapter 28

World Order and Disorder: Global Politics in the Twentieth Century

 

The World War Era, 1914-1945


•The First World War
•Postwar Disillusionment
•The Shift to Ideological Conflicts
•The Second World War

The Cold War Era, 1945-1991


•Super-Power Confrontation

Decolonization

 

The New World Order


•The European Union

In Perspective: The Anvil of War

 

Chapter 29

The Persuit of Utopia: Civil Society in the Twentieth Century

 

The Context of Atrocities

 

The Encroaching State

 

Unplanning Utopia: The Turn Toward Individualism

 

Counter-Colonization and Social Change

 

Globalization and the World Economy

 

Culture and Globalization

 

Secularism and Religious Revival

 

In Perspective: The Century of Paradox

 

Chapter 30

The Embattled Biosphere: The Twentieth-Century Environment

 

Fuel Resources

 

Food Output

 

Urbanization

 

The Crisis of Conservation

 

The Unmanageable Environment: Climate and Disease

 

In Perspective: The Environmental Dilemma

 

 

 

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