Journalism: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How / Edition 1by James G. Stovall
Pub. Date: 11/12/2004
Journalism: Who, What, When, Where, Why and How is a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering how news is produced and delivered, how news organizations work, and how audiences react to and interact with the news media. For students preparing for a career in journalism, the text describes the range of job possibilities in the field and offers practical
Journalism: Who, What, When, Where, Why and How is a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering how news is produced and delivered, how news organizations work, and how audiences react to and interact with the news media. For students preparing for a career in journalism, the text describes the range of job possibilities in the field and offers practical, basic instruction in the fundamental practices of journalism: reporting, writing, editing and presentation. Journalism helps students understand this exciting and important field and become more critical consumers of mass media. It also provides an overview of the rich history of journalism in America.
- Features up-to-date examples and discussions of current issues and controversies, allowing students to understand the principles of journalism in the context of issues that are familiar to them.
- Focuses on the importance and challenge of maintaining accuracy and honesty in the media, encouraging students to think about ethics and values.
- Includes both practical and conceptual approaches to the study of journalism, giving students a full picture of the field.
- Covers history in four lively chapters that tie journalism to larger societal trends, helping students engage in the material rather than be put off by it.
- Contains a chapter on writing based on the author's widely-used text Writing for the Mass Media, giving students practical instruction in writing and opportunities to practice what they are learning.
About the Author
James Glen Stovall taught journalism and mass communication for 25 years at the University of Alabama before joining the faculty of Emory andHenry College in Emory, Virginia, in 2003. He is a former newspaper reporter, editor and graphic journalist and is the author of a number of books including Writing for the Mass Media (Allyn and Bacon, 2002) and Web Journalism: Practice and Promise of a New Medium (Allyn and Bacon, 2004).
Praise for Journalism
"I had no doubt as I read the text that Stovall had done his research and had probably had substantial experience in news media. I was in the hands of an excellent teacher."
Don R. Gregory, Westchester Community College
"The author writes in a strong, clear, straightforward way that is the right level for my students and that makes the material very accessible."
Leland F. Ryan, University of Kentucky
"The use of real-world examples and the attention paid to the culture of journalism are the most notable portions of this text."
Daniel Ryder, Mt. Blue High School (Farmington, Maine)
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- New Edition
Table of Contents
Each chapter begins with “SIDEBAR: Key Concepts and Terms,” and concludes with “Questions for Discussion,” “Related Websites,” and “Reading and Reference.”
1. News and Society.
Why News Matters.
SIDEBAR: Everybody Talks About the Weather.
News and the Social Order.
SIDEBAR: Theodore Roosevelt and the Bully Pulpit.
WHAT DO YOU THINK? The Journalist's Dilemma.
Pressures on Journalists.
SIDEBAR: A Passport, a Keyboard and a Paycheck.
The Job of the Journalist.
2. Culture of Journalism.
The World of the Journalist.
Character and Characteristics.
Skepticism and Cynicism.
Working Within the News Organization.
Dealing with Sources.
Objectivity and Fairness.
SIDEBAR: Liberal or Conservative Media? (Part 1).
SIDEBAR: Liberal or Conservative Media? (Part 2).
News Organizations in the Larger Culture of Journalism.
SIDEBAR: Civic Journalism.
A Dynamic Culture.
3. Becoming a Journalist.
Learn About the Field.
SIDEBAR: Getting Help.
Go to Work.
SIDEBAR: Joining Up.
Initiators of Journalism.
Organizational Structure: the Business Side.
Organization Structure: the Editorial Side.
SIDEBAR: The Black Press: An Alternative Voice in American Journalism.
The Editorial Page.
SIDEBAR: Small Newspaper, Big-time Journalism.
Major Players in the Newspaper Industry.
The Future of Newspapers.
SIDEBAR: On the Cover of Rolling Stone.
Why Magazine Journalism?
Structure of the Magazine Industry.
SIDEBAR: Slate.com: Overcoming the E-zine Doubters.
Creating a Magazine.
Staff Structure and Employment.
SIDEBAR: A Month in the Life of the Art Director.
The Future of Magazines.
6. Television and Radio.
Impact and Immediacy.
Radio: News at a Different Level.
SIDEBAR: Public Broadcasting.
SIDEBAR: The JFK Assassination: Television's First Big Story.
Regulation of Broadcasting.
The Future of Broadcasting.
7. News Web Sites.
The Difference of the Web.
SIDEBAR: Getting the News—September 11, 2001.
The News Web Site.
Owned and Operated.
SIDEBAR: Questions of Credibility Plague the Web.
News Sites that Didn't Mean to Be.
Web Logs: a New Form of Journalism?
Whither Web Sites?
III. WHO AND HOW.
What Reporters Do.
SIDEBAR: Profile of the American Journalist.
Becoming a Professional.
SIDEBAR: The Most Gratifying Moment.
Getting there: Becoming a Reporter.
Five W's and One H.
Types of Sources.
SIDEBAR: Tips on Covering a Beat.
SIDEBAR: A Dozen Interviewing Tips.
A Note on Accuracy.
10. Writing News and Features.
Basic Writing Characteristics.
SIDEBAR: Writing Values and Advice.
Other Writing Conventions.
The Inverted Pyramid.
The Lead Paragraph.
SIDEBAR: Inverted Pyramid Checklist.
Developing the Story.
Characteristics of Feature Writing.
Read, Analyze, Emulate.
Wire Service Stylebooks.
SIDEBAR: Basic AP Style Rules.
The Most Important Job.
Who is the Editor?
WHAT DO YOU THINK? Giving up Editorial Control.
Traits of an Editor.
The Editor-Writer Relationship.
SIDEBAR: Editors, Watch Out for Those Writers.
What the Editor Must Do.
Getting to be an Editor.
13. Editing and Headline Writing.
SIDEBAR: A Day in the Life of a Copyeditor.
Principles of Headline Writing.
Headlines on the Web.
14. Visual Journalists.
Words and Pictures.
Photojournalism—Journalism, Only Different.
Life and Times of the Photojournalist.
The Digital Revolution.
The Importance of the Visual.
15. Graphics Journalism.
Principles of Design.
Conventions of Graphics.
The Good Graphic.
Types of Graphics.
Basics of Photojournalism.
The Photojournalist in Action.
SIDEBAR: The Associated Press Policy on Handling Photographs.
Ethics and Taste.
17. Publication Design.
Type on the Page.
Types of Newspaper Design.
Principles of Layout.
SIDEBAR: Steps in Laying Out a Page.
Laying Out a Page.
Web Site Design.
The World of Broadcasting.
Selection of News.
News Department Organization.
How Reporters Work.
SIDEBAR: Make the News Relevant for People's Lives.
Broadcast News Formats.
Salaries in Broadcast Journalism.
Getting into Broadcast Journalism.
19. Writing for Broadcast.
Characteristics of Writing.
SIDEBAR: Lose the Accent.
Broadcast Writing Style.
Broadcast Copy Preparation.
SIDEBAR: The Hissing Sibilant.
Putting Together a Newscast.
20. Beginnings of Journalism.
Where Does Journalism Begin?
The Printing Press.
The New World.
SIDEBAR: Women in 18th Century Journalism.
The Fire of Revolution.
SIDEBAR: James Rivington and the Tory Press.
21. Journalism Comes of Age.
Change and More Change.
The Penny Press.
James Gordon Bennett and the New York Herald.
SIDEBAR Samuel F.B. Morse: What Hath God Wrought!
Sectionalism, Slavery and Abolition.
The Growth of Magazines.
SIDEBAR: Picturing the Rich and the Famous.
The Civil War.
The End of the War and its Aftermath.
22. New Realities, New Journalism.
A Profession Matures.
A Generation of Growth.
An Age of Personalities.
SIDEBAR: Yes, Virginia, There is a Santa Claus.
SIDEBAR: Yellow Journalism.
Reporters and Reporting.
SIDEBAR: “Stunt” Journalism Nellie Bly
Change in Advertising.
The Watchdog Press.
23. 20th Century and Beyond.
A Century of Technology.
The Decline of Newspapers.
The Development of Radio.
Time and Development of the News Magazine.
SIDEBAR: Henry Luce and the March of Time.
SIDEBAR: Watergate: A 'Third-Rate Burglary' and a Pulitzer for Two Young Reporters.
Newspapers: Clouded Stability and Prosperity.
Expanding Television with Cable.
The Development of the Web.
24. Law and the Journalist.
Corruption in Minneapolis.
SIDEBAR: The State of the First Amendment.
The First Amendment.
Defenses Against Libel Suits.
SIDEBAR: Developing the Concept of the Public Figure.
Copyright and Trademarks.
WHAT DO YOU THINK? What Would You Do?
Legal Protections for Journalists.
Free Press-Fair Trial.
25. Ethical Practices.
The Good Journalist.
An Approach to Ethical Behavior.
SIDEBAR: Loyalty to What?
26. Present and Future.
An Open Profession.
Financial State of the Profession.
Areas of Concern, Optimism.
Changing Technology, Changing Audience.
Appendix A: Grammar and Style Diagnostic Test.
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