The Violence of Hate: Confronting Racism, Anti-Semitism, and Other Forms of Bigotry / Edition 3

The Violence of Hate: Confronting Racism, Anti-Semitism, and Other Forms of Bigotry / Edition 3

by Jack A Levin
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0205710840

ISBN-13: 9780205710843

Pub. Date: 04/27/2010

Publisher: Pearson

This text explores two forms of hate and prejudice – racism in contemporary American society and the historical occurrence of anti-Semitism – under a single conceptual framework.

Jack Levin, is a well-known scholar, author, and lecturer on the subject of hate crimes. In this book he shows how support for both racism and anti-Semitism can

Overview

This text explores two forms of hate and prejudice – racism in contemporary American society and the historical occurrence of anti-Semitism – under a single conceptual framework.

Jack Levin, is a well-known scholar, author, and lecturer on the subject of hate crimes. In this book he shows how support for both racism and anti-Semitism can be conceptualized as occurring among four groups: hatemongers, dabblers, sympathizers, and spectators. Levin argues that hate and prejudice continue at a very dangerous level in our society, and that hate typically emanates not from the ranting and raving of a few people at the margins of society, but from ordinary people in the mainstream.

Jim Nolan , new to this edition, is an Associate Professor at West Virginia University, and a former FBI agent, specializing in hate crimes and prejudice.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205710843
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
04/27/2010
Series:
The Intersections Collection: Custom Resources in Sociology Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Chapter 1 Perspectives on Hate and Violence 1

Hate, Prejudice, and Discrimination 1

Transforming the Terms 1

Prejudice Versus Discrimination 2

The Role of the Individual 4

Hate as a Justification for Violence 5

Social Construction of Differences 6

When Stereotypes Turn Nasty 9

Is Hate on the Decline? 11

Underestimating Bigotry 13

The Difference Between Small and Insignificant 15

Hate Crimes Are Vastly Under-Reported 16

It Takes Only a Few Bad Apples 19

Threatening Situations Can Inspire Hate 19

A Continuing Racial Gap 23

The Obama Factor 26

Is the Significance of Hate on the Decline? 27

The Environmental View 28

The Hereditary View 33

The Situationist View of Hate and Violence 40

Conclusion 44

Chapter 2 Hate Crimes 45

Motive Matters 45

The Hate Crime Statistics Act 46

The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting Program 47

NIBRS Hate Crime Data 47

Why Now? 51

Pros and Cons of Hate Crime Laws 51

Hate Crime Laws Today 53

Federal Civil Rights Statutes 56

New Federal Legislation (2009) 57

State Hate Crime Statutes 58

Hate Crime Laws and the U.S. Constitution 61

Policing Hate Crimes 63

Seeing Hate Crimes 66

Intension and Extension of the Term "Hate Crime" 67

Classification of Hate Crime Incidents 70

Why is this Distinction Important? 74

Hate Crimes in Europe 75

The Roma in Europe 76

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Violence 77

Conclusion 79

Chapter 3 A Typology of Hate 81

Hatemongers 81

The Role of Organized Hate 82

Hate from a Distance 83

Biblical Bigotry 83

The Militia Movement and White Supremacy 85

Expanding the Influence of Organized Hate 87

Dabblers 90

Getting a Thrill 90

Being Defensive 93

Getting Even 97

Sympathizers 99

Behind Closed Doors 100

An Eliminationist Anti-Semitism 100

Cultural Hate 101

Culture Transcends Generations 104

Spectators 105

The Failure to Act 105

Middleman Minorities 107

Middleman Minorities in the United States 108

The American Version of Spectatorship 109

Conclusion 112

Chapter 4 The Benefits of Bigotry 115

Protest by Proxy 122

Psychological Advantages 126

Enhancing and Protecting Self-Esteem 127

Reducing Uncertainty 132

Economic and Status Advantages 133

Getting the Dirty Work Done 133

Eliminating Opponents 136

Maintaining Political Power 144

Conclusion 145

Chapter 5 The Production of Rebels, Deviants, and Other Decent People 147

The Power of the Situation 147

When Normal People Do Abnormally Nasty Things 147

Fighting Spectatorship 149

Intergroup Contact 150

The Impact of Competition 150

Reducing Hostility Between Groups 151

Structuring Opportunities for Cooperation 153

Follow the Leader 156

Obeying Orders 157

The Role of Leadership 159

The Impact of Deviance 161

When Rebels Rebel 162

The Importance of Empathy Across Groups 163

Human Agency: The Ability to Create "Good" Situations 167

The Agentic Perspective 167

Collective Efficacy in Neighborhoods 170

Neighborhood Agency and Collective Efficacy 170

Conclusion 173

Appendix A Anti-Hate Websites 175

Appendix B Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act 177

References 189

Index 203

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