Identities and Inequalities: Exploring the Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, & Sexuality: Exploring the Intersections of Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality / Edition 1

Identities and Inequalities: Exploring the Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, & Sexuality: Exploring the Intersections of Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality / Edition 1

by David M. Newman
     
 

ISBN-10: 0073124060

ISBN-13: 2900073124062

Pub. Date: 10/11/2005

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.

We don’t experience our everyday lives through just one lens; rather, we experience all elements of our identity—race, class, gender, sexuality—simultaneously. This ground-breaking, engaging, highly accessible new book acknowledges this reality and brings to light the importance of studying the intersections of race, class, gender, and sexuality,

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Overview

We don’t experience our everyday lives through just one lens; rather, we experience all elements of our identity—race, class, gender, sexuality—simultaneously. This ground-breaking, engaging, highly accessible new book acknowledges this reality and brings to light the importance of studying the intersections of race, class, gender, and sexuality, both as elements of personal identity and as sources of social inequality.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900073124062
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.
Publication date:
10/11/2005
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
416

Table of Contents

Preface/Acknowledgments
Part I: Identities

1. Differences and Similarities

Similarities and differences in everyday life: Drawing lines

“Classified” information: Forming impressions

Variation between groups, variation within groups

The power of “normality”: All differences are not created equal

Stratification, power, and privilege

Theories of inequality

Structural-functionalism

Conflict theories

Cultural capital

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Identity inheritance: Climbing up (or down) your family tree

2. Manufacturing Difference: The Social Construction of Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality

Perspectives on identity

Essentialism

Constructionism

Definitions of differences and identities

Racial/ethnic identities

The social construction of race and ethnicity

Multiracial identity

Class identities

How do Americans determine class standing?

Who is poor?

Gender identities

Gender roles: Doing gender

The sexual dichotomy

Male, female, and other

Intersexuals and biological ambiguity

Sexual Orientations

Heteronormativity

“The closet”

The complexity of sexual identity

Intersections: Identities on the borderlands

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—A sociological treasure hunt: The artifacts of identity

3. Portraying Difference: Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality in Language and the Media

Symbols and language

Slurs

The language of difference

Gendered language

Ethnoracial language

Sexual language

The use of language to conceal variation

The differences of language

The battle over “political correctness”

Media representations of difference

Gender in the media

Children’s exposure to gender in the media

Media-reinforced femininity

Media-reinforced masculinity

Race and ethnicity in the media

Sexuality in the media

Social class in the media

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—But I play one on TV: Media portraits of race, gender, and sexuality

4. Learning difference: Families, schools, and socialization

Identity socialization in families

Learning genders

Biological predispositions

Gender training

Intersections: The influence of race on gender socialization

Androgyny

Learning racial identities

Intersections: The effects of gender and class on racial identities

Learning sexualities

Was I just born this way?

Intersections: The effect of gender on learning sexualities

Bisexualities

Learning social classes

Intersections: Class, race, and motherwork

Identity socialization in schools

Peer influence

Gendered lessons

Segregating the sexes

Intersections: Gender, race, and bullying

Coaching masculinities

Class and race lessons

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Go to your room: Race, gender, and childhood discipline


Part II: Inequalities

5. Expressing Inequalities: Prejudice and discrimination in Everyday Life

Stereotypes: The building blocks of bigotry

The normality of stereotypes

The negativity of positive stereotypes

A “model” minority

The good mother

Prejudice: Perceiving inequality

Prejudice, privilege, and ideologies of inferiority

Race and biological weakness

Gender and biological inevitability

The hidden privilege of social dominance

Intersections: Wealthy white men and perceptions of race

Within-group prejudice

Intersections: Race, gender, and colorism

Discrimination: Inequality in action

Personal discrimination

Quiet bias

The enduring importance of race

Intersections: Race, class, gender and everyday social encounters

Global ethnic violence

Institutional discrimination

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Race and retail: Personal and institutional discrimination in everyday life

6. Inequalities in health and illness

The social construction of health and illness

The embodiment of inequality

To eat or not to eat

Hunger

Obesity

Intersections: Race, class, gender and weight

It’s not how you feel, it’s how you look

Unequal and unwell: The stratification of health and health care

Global inequalities

Wealth and health in the United States

The color of health

Environmental discrimination

Health care suspicions

Gendered health

Pre-menstrual syndrome

The medicalization of childbirth

The gendering of medical practice and researchMen’s health

Homosexuality and health

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Hospital stays: The unequal contours of American health care

7. Inequalities in law and justice

The social construction of laws

Power, politics, and legal definitions

The laws of intimacy

Miscegenation

Same-sex marriage

Race, class, and justice

Racial profiling

Class and crime

Prisons

Intersections: Race, class, and death

Gendered justice

Gender and the law

Sexual harassment

Gender and violence

Intersections: Poverty, gender, and human trafficking

Intimate violence

Rape and sexual assault

Spousal and partner violence

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Safe havens: Race, class, and the fear of crime

8. Inequalities in economics and work

Underprivilege and overprivilege: Economic imbalances in everyday life

Global inequalities

American inequalities

The middle-class squeeze

The face of American poverty: In the shadow of plenty

Sleepless on the street

Poverty’s border

The economies of race

Intersections: Race, class and immigration

The economies of gender

Intersections: Race, gender and the poverty of single parenthood

On the job: Race, class, gender, and sexuality in the workplace

Professional training

The corporate closet

Racial discrimination in the workplace

Affirmative action: Overcoming institutional discrimination

Gender and work

Separate spheres

Gender discrimination in the workplace

Intersections: Gendered racism in the workplace

Conclusion

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Living on the outskirts of poverty: A balanced budget

9. The futures of inequalities

Possibilities: Altering inequalities

Fickle futures

Ethnoracial outlooks

Evolving a post-racial, post-ethnic society

Subdividing race and ethnicity

The futures of gender and the sexual dichotomy

The futures of “[blank]sexuality”

Stratification outlooks: Class dismissed

Future intersections

Final thoughts

Investigating Identities and Inequalities—Organizing for a change: Student groups on campus

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