Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World

Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World

by Pamela Scully, Diana Paton, Sue Peabody
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822335948

ISBN-13: 9780822335948

Pub. Date: 10/04/2005

Publisher: Duke University Press Books


This groundbreaking collection provides the first comparative history of gender and emancipation in the Atlantic world. Bringing together essays on the United States, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, West Africa and South Africa, and the Francophone and Anglophone Caribbean, it shows that emancipation was a profoundly gendered process, produced through connections

Overview


This groundbreaking collection provides the first comparative history of gender and emancipation in the Atlantic world. Bringing together essays on the United States, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, West Africa and South Africa, and the Francophone and Anglophone Caribbean, it shows that emancipation was a profoundly gendered process, produced through connections between race, gender, sexuality, and class. Contributors from the United States, Canada, Europe, the Caribbean, and Brazil explore how the processes of emancipation involved the re-creation of gender identities—the production of freedmen and freedwomen with different rights, responsibilities, and access to citizenship.

Offering detailed analyses of slave emancipation in specific societies, the contributors discuss all of the diverse actors in emancipation: slaves, abolitionists, free people of color, state officials, and slave owners. Whether considering the construction of a postslavery masculine subjectivity in Jamaica, the work of two white U.S. abolitionist women with the Freedmen’s Bureau after the Civil War, freedwomen’s negotiations of labor rights in Puerto Rico, slave women’s contributions to the slow unraveling of slavery in French West Africa, or the ways that Brazilian abolitionists deployed representations of femininity as virtuous and moral, these essays demonstrate the gains that a gendered approach offers to understanding the complex processes of emancipation. Some chapters also explore theories and methodologies that enable a gendered reading of postslavery archives. The editors’ substantial introduction traces the reasons for and patterns of women’s and men’s different experiences of emancipation throughout the Atlantic world.

Contributors. Martha Abreu, Sheena Boa, Bridget Brereton, Carol Faulkner, Roger Kittleson, Martin Klein, Melanie Newton, Diana Paton, Sue Peabody, Richard Roberts, Ileana M. Rodriguez-Silva, Hannah Rosen, Pamela Scully, Mimi Sheller, Marek Steedman, Michael Zeuske

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822335948
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
10/04/2005
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments....................vii
Maps....................viii
DIANA PATON AND PAMELA SCULLY Introduction: Gender and Slave Emancipation in Comparative Perspective....................1
PART I Men, Women, Citizens....................35
PAMELA SCULLY Masculinity, Citizenship, and the Production of Knowledge in the Postemancipation Cape Colony, 1834-1844....................37
SUE PEABODY Négresse, Mulâtresse, Citoyenne: Gender and Emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1650-1848....................56
MIMI SHELLER Acting as Free Men: Subaltern Masculinities and Citizenship in Postslavery Jamaica....................79
ROGER A. KITTLESON Women and Notions of Womanhood in Brazilian Abolitionism....................99
CAROL FAULKNER A Nation's Sin: White Women and U.S. Policy toward Freed people....................121
PART II Families, Land, and Labor....................141
BRIDGET BRERETON Family Strategies, Gender, and the Shift to Wage Labor in the British Caribbean....................143
MARTIN KLEIN AND RICHARD ROBERTS Gender and Emancipation in French West Africa....................162
MICHAEL ZEUSKE Two Stories of Gender and Slave Emancipation in Cienfuegos and Santa Clara, Central Cuba: A Microhistorical Approach to the Atlantic World....................181
ILEANA RODRÍGUEZ-SILVA Libertos and Libertas in the Construction of the Free Worker in Postemancipation Puerto Rico....................199
PART III The Public Sphere in the Age of Emancipation....................223
MELANIE NEWTON Philanthropy, Gender, and the Production of Public Life inBarbados, ca. 1790-ca. 1850....................225
SHEENA BOA Young Ladies and Dissolute Women: Conflicting Views of Culture and Gender in Public Entertainment, Kingstown, St. Vincent, 1838-1888....................247
MARTHA ABREU (translated from the Portuguese by Amy Chazkel and Junia Claudia Zaidan) Mulatas, Crioulos, and Morenas: Racial Hierarchy, Gender Relations, and National Identity in Postabolition Popular Song: Southeastern Brazil, 1890-1920....................267
HANNAH ROSEN The Rhetoric of Miscegenation and the Reconstruction of Race: Debating Marriage, Sex, and Citizenship in Postemancipation Arkansas....................289
MAREK STEEDMAN Gender and the Politics of the Household in Reconstruction Louisiana, 1865-1878....................310
DIANA PATON Bibliographic Essay....................328
Contributors....................357
Index....................361

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