Greening Brazil: Environmental Activism in State and Society

Greening Brazil: Environmental Activism in State and Society

by Kathryn Hochstetler, Margaret E. Keck
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822340313

ISBN-13: 9780822340317

Pub. Date: 08/29/2007

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Greening Brazil challenges the claim that environmentalism came to Brazil from abroad. Two political scientists, Kathryn Hochstetler and Margaret E. Keck, retell the story of environmentalism in Brazil from the inside out, analyzing the extensive efforts within the country to save its natural environment, and the interplay of those efforts with transnational

Overview

Greening Brazil challenges the claim that environmentalism came to Brazil from abroad. Two political scientists, Kathryn Hochstetler and Margaret E. Keck, retell the story of environmentalism in Brazil from the inside out, analyzing the extensive efforts within the country to save its natural environment, and the interplay of those efforts with transnational environmentalism. The authors trace Brazil’s complex environmental politics as they have unfolded over time, from their mid-twentieth-century conservationist beginnings to the contemporary development of a distinctive socio-environmentalism meant to address ecological destruction and social injustice simultaneously. Hochstetler and Keck argue that explanations of Brazilian environmentalism—and environmentalism in the global South generally—must take into account the way that domestic political processes shape environmental reform efforts.

The authors present a multilevel analysis encompassing institutions and individuals within the government—at national, state, and local levels—as well as the activists, interest groups, and nongovernmental organizations that operate outside formal political channels. They emphasize the importance of networks linking committed actors in the government bureaucracy with activists in civil society. Portraying a gradual process marked by periods of rapid advance, Hochstetler and Keck show how political opportunities have arisen from major political transformations such as the transition to democracy and from critical events, including the well-publicized murders of environmental activists in 1988 and 2004. Rather than view foreign governments and organizations as the instigators of environmental policy change in Brazil, the authors point to their importance at key moments as sources of leverage and support.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822340317
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
08/29/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 8.88(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables viii

Preface ix

List of Acronyms and Organizations xv

Introduction 1

1. Building Environmental Institutions: National Environmental Politics and Policy 23

2. National Environmental Activism: The Changing Terms of Engagement 63

3. From Protest to Project: The Third Wave of Environmental Activism 97

4. Amazonia 140

5. From Pollution Control to Sustainable Cities 186

Conclusion 223

Appendix: List of Interviews 231

Notes 239

Bibliography 249

Index 273

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