Computational Explorations in Cognitive Neuroscience: Understanding the Mind by Simulating the Brain / Edition 1

Computational Explorations in Cognitive Neuroscience: Understanding the Mind by Simulating the Brain / Edition 1

by Randall C. O'Reilly, Yuko Munakata, James L. McClelland
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0262650541

ISBN-13: 9780262650540

Pub. Date: 09/04/2000

Publisher: MIT Press

The goal of computational cognitive neuroscience is to understand how the brain embodies the mind by using biologically based computational models comprising networks of neuronlike units. This text, based on a course taught by Randall
O'Reilly and Yuko Munakata over the past several years, provides an in-depth introduction to the main ideas in the field. The

Overview

The goal of computational cognitive neuroscience is to understand how the brain embodies the mind by using biologically based computational models comprising networks of neuronlike units. This text, based on a course taught by Randall
O'Reilly and Yuko Munakata over the past several years, provides an in-depth introduction to the main ideas in the field. The neural units in the simulations use equations based directly on the ion channels that govern the behavior of real neurons, and the neural networks incorporate anatomical and physiological properties of the neocortex. Thus the text provides the student with knowledge of the basic biology of the brain as well as the computational skills needed to simulate large-scale cognitive phenomena.

The text consists of two parts.
The first part covers basic neural computation mechanisms: individual neurons,
neural networks, and learning mechanisms. The second part covers large-scale brain area organization and cognitive phenomena: perception and attention, memory,
language, and higher-level cognition. The second part is relatively self-contained and can be used separately for mechanistically oriented cognitive neuroscience courses. Integrated throughout the text are more than forty different simulation models, many of them full-scale research-grade models, with friendly interfaces and accompanying exercises. The simulation software (PDP++, available for all major platforms) and simulations can be downloaded free of charge from the Web. Exercise solutions are available, and the text includes full information on the software.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262650540
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
09/04/2000
Series:
Bradford Books Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
532
Product dimensions:
8.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.25(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction and Overview
1(20)
I Basic Neural Computational Mechanisms 21(182)
Individual Neurons
23(48)
Networks of Neurons
71(44)
Hebbian Model Learning
115(32)
Error-Driven Task Learning
147(26)
Combined Model and Task Learning, and Other Mechanisms
173(30)
II Large-Scale Brain Area Organization and Cognitive Phenomena 203(222)
Large-Scale Brain Area Functional Organization
205(22)
Perception and Attention
227(48)
Memory
275(48)
Language
323(56)
Higher-Level Cognition
379(32)
Conclusions
411(14)
III Simulator Details 425(42)
A Introduction to the PDP++ Simulation Environment
427(8)
B Tutorial for Constructing Simulations in PDP++
435(20)
C Leabra Implementation Reference
455(12)
References 467(18)
Author Index 485(6)
Subject Index 491

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