What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason / Edition 1

What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason / Edition 1

by Hubert L. Dreyfus
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262540673

ISBN-13: 9780262540674

Pub. Date: 10/30/1992

Publisher: MIT Press

When it was first published in 1972, Hubert Dreyfus's manifesto on the inherent inability of disembodied machines to mimic higher mental functions caused an uproar in the artificial intelligence community. The world has changed since then. Today it is clear that "good old-fashioned AI," based on the idea of using symbolic representations to produce general

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Overview

When it was first published in 1972, Hubert Dreyfus's manifesto on the inherent inability of disembodied machines to mimic higher mental functions caused an uproar in the artificial intelligence community. The world has changed since then. Today it is clear that "good old-fashioned AI," based on the idea of using symbolic representations to produce general intelligence, is in decline (although several believers still pursue its pot of gold), and the focus of the Al community has shifted to more complex models of the mind. It has also become more common for AI researchers to seek out and study philosophy. For this edition of his now classic book, Dreyfus has added a lengthy new introduction outlining these changes and assessing the paradigms of connectionism and neural networks that have transformed the field.At a time when researchers were proposing grand plans for general problem solvers and automatic translation machines, Dreyfus predicted that they would fail because their conception of mental functioning was naive, and he suggested that they would do well to acquaint themselves with modern philosophical approaches to human beings. What Computers Can't Do was widely attacked but quietly studied. Dreyfus's arguments are still provocative and focus our attention once again on what it is that makes human beings unique.Hubert L. Dreyfus, who is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley, is also the author of Being-in-the-World. A Commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time, Division I.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262540674
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
10/30/1992
Edition description:
Revised Edition
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
5.37(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.81(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction to the MIT Press Edition
Acknowledgments
Introduction to the Revised Edition (1979)1
Introduction67
Pt. ITen Years of Research in Artificial Intelligence (1957-1967)91
1Phase 1 (1957-1962) Cognitive Simulation
IAnalysis of Work in Language Translation, Problem Solving, and Pattern Recognition
IIThe Underlying Significance of Failure to Achieve Predicted Results
2Phase II (1962-1967) Semantic Information Processing130
IAnalysis of Semantic Information Processing Programs
IIISignificance of Current Difficulties Conclusion149
Pt. IIAssumptions Underlying Persistent Optimism
Introduction155
3The Biological Assumption159
4The Psychological Assumption163
IEmpirical Evidence for the Psychological Assumption: Critique of the Scientific Methodology of Cognitive Simulation
IIA Priori Arguments for the Psychological Assumption
5The Epistemological Assumption189
IA Mistaken Argument from the Success of Physics
IIA Mistaken Argument from the Success of Modern Linguistics
6The Ontological Assumption206
Conclusion225
Pt. IIIAlternatives to the Traditional Assumptions
Introduction231
7The Role of the Body in Intelligent Behavior235
8The Situation: Orderly Behavior Without Recourse to Rules256
9The Situation as a Function of Human Needs272
Conclusion281
Conclusion: The Scope and Limits of Artificial Reason
The Limits of Artificial Intelligence
The Future of Artificial Intelligence285
Notes307
Index346

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