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Extinct Humans / Edition 1
     

Extinct Humans / Edition 1

by Ian Tattersall, Jeffrey Schwartz
 

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ISBN-10: 0813339189

ISBN-13: 9780813339184

Pub. Date: 12/28/2001

Publisher: Basic Books

Scientists have long envisioned the human “family tree” as a straight-line progression from the apelike australopithecines to the enigmatic Homo habilis to the famous Neanderthals, culminating in us, Homo sapiens. But this model is unlike the evolutionary patterns known for all other vertebrates—patterns that typically reveal multiple

Overview

Scientists have long envisioned the human “family tree” as a straight-line progression from the apelike australopithecines to the enigmatic Homo habilis to the famous Neanderthals, culminating in us, Homo sapiens. But this model is unlike the evolutionary patterns known for all other vertebrates—patterns that typically reveal multiple branchings and extinctions. In Extinct Humans, Ian Tattersall and Jeffrey Schwartz present convincing evidence that many distinct species of humans have existed during the history of the hominid family, often simultaneously. Furthermore, these species may have contributed to one another’s extinction. Who were these different human species? Which are direct ancestors to us? And, the most profound question of all, why is there only a single human species alive on Earth now?

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813339184
Publisher:
Basic Books
Publication date:
12/28/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
7.86(w) x 10.06(h) x 0.47(d)

Table of Contents

Preface8
Chapter 1The Path to Human Evolution13
In the Beginning
In and Out of the Dark Ages
Putting Humans into Evolution and Fossils into Human Evolution
The Evolutionary Synthesis: Exempting Humans from Natural Selection
Defining Homo
Blumenbach's Legacy
Chapter 2Evolution Today43
Chapter 3Early Bipeds: African Origins55
Forever Australopithecus
The New Era
Not Another Australopith! And Another?
The Age of Discovery
The Making of the Hominid
Arboreal Bipeds?
Earlier Ancestors?
What to Do with Australopiths?
Chapter 4The Mysterious Homo habilis105
Olduvai
East Turkana
The Transvaal
Back to Olduvai
Unraveling Homo habilis
The Influence of Climate
Early Toolmakers
Chapter 5The Emergence of the Modern Body125
East Side Story
When East Meets Far East
Another East African Homo erectus?
A Glimpse at the Life History of the Nariokotome Youth
Will the Real Homo erectus Please Stand Up?
Lifestyles
Chapter 6Homo ergaster and Homo erectus: The Great Diaspora147
Java Man
Peking Man
The Cave of Zhoukoudian
New Discoveries
Surprise Dates
Ngandong Revisited
The Invasion of Europe
Multiple Departures?
Chapter 7Neanderthals and Human Extinctions173
The Neanderthals
Neanderthal Anatomy
The Ice Age Environment in Europe and Western Asia
Neanderthal Technology
Neanderthal Lifestyles
Neanderthal Economies
Neanderthal Burial and Symbolic Behaviors
Neanderthal Extinction
Chapter 8And Then there Was One223
Out of Africa
African Eve
The Levant
The First Modern Europeans
Becoming Human
Further Reading249
Index252

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