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Chinese: A Linguistic Introduction / Edition 1
     

Chinese: A Linguistic Introduction / Edition 1

by Chaofen Sun
 

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ISBN-10: 0521530822

ISBN-13: 9780521530828

Pub. Date: 08/31/2006

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Chinese is spoken by more people than any other language in the world, and has a rich social, cultural and historical background. This is a comprehensive guide to the linguistic structure of Chinese, providing an accessible introduction to each of the key areas. It describes the fundamentals of its writing system, its pronunciation and tonal sound system, its

Overview

Chinese is spoken by more people than any other language in the world, and has a rich social, cultural and historical background. This is a comprehensive guide to the linguistic structure of Chinese, providing an accessible introduction to each of the key areas. It describes the fundamentals of its writing system, its pronunciation and tonal sound system, its morphology (how words are structured), and its syntax (how sentences are formed) - as well as its historical development, and the diverse ways in which it interacts with other languages. Setting the discussion of all aspects of Chinese firmly within the context of the language in use, Chinese: A Linguistic Introduction will be of great benefit to learners wishing to extend their knowledge and competence in the language, and their teachers. It will also be a useful starting point for students of linguistics beginning work on the structure of this major world language.

About the Author:
Chaofen Sun is Associate Professor of Chinese in the Department of Asian Languages, Stanford University, and Adjunct Professor at East China Normal University, Shanghai

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521530828
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
08/31/2006
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.51(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents


List of maps     viii
List of tables     ix
List of figures     x
Preface     xi
Major chronological divisions of Chinese history     xiii
Major periods of the Chinese language     xiv
Introduction     1
Historical background of the language     13
Prehistoric time     13
Oracle-bone and bronze scripts     14
Old Chinese (771 BCE to 220 CE)     15
Middle Chinese (220 CE to 960)     17
Early modern Chinese (960 to 1900)     18
Modern Chinese (1900 to present)     20
Modern Chinese grammar and its lexicon     23
Simplification of Chinese script     26
Formation of Chinese dialects     28
Northern Chinese (Mandarin)     29
Southern dialects     30
Phonetics of standard Chinese     34
Initials     35
Finals     36
Medials (on-glide)     37
Main vowels     37
Syllabic terminals (off-glide)     38
Rhotacization     38
Tones     39
Tone-sandhi     40
Chinese morphology 1     45
Compounding     49
Derivation-like affixes     56
Prefixes     56
Suffixes     58
Potential markers -de- [Characters not reproducible] and -bu- [Characters not reproducible] as infixes     60
Inflection-like affixes     64
Perfective marker -le [Characters not reproducible]     64
Experiential marker - guo [Characters not reproducible]     68
Imperfective marker -zhe [Characters not reproducible]     70
Summary     73
Chinese morphology 2     75
Clitics     75
Sentence-final particles     75
Locative particles     81
Reduplication     88
Classifiers     88
Informal kinship terms     89
Adjectives     90
Verbs     92
Beyond morphology     95
Summary     99
Chinese writing     101
Chinese characters     101
The history of Chinese script     103
The strokes of Chinese writing     107
Simplified standard script     110
Chinese language and culture     115
Cultural beliefs and Chinese expressions     116
Philosophical beliefs and Chinese expressions     116
Metaphors the Chinese live by     122
Politeness     126
Language contacts and borrowings     133
Neologisms and morpheme-syllable script     141
Summary     145
Chinese syntax 1     147
Linear order, lexical categories, subcategorization, and semantic roles     148
Other lexical categories     153
Constituency     158
Selectional restrictions     164
Chinese pronouns and demonstratives     166
Negation     170
Sentence types     172
Interrogative     172
Imperative     181
Chinese syntax 2     184
Nominalization     186
Relative clauses     188
Cleft sentences     189
Adverbials     191
The word order and semantics of some common Chinese adverbs     191
Adverbial clauses     197
Serial-verb constructions     200
Three types of serial-verb constructions     200
Causative construction     205
Prepositions     206
Flexible prepositional phrases     206
The comparative, passive, and ba constructions      209
Comparative     209
Passive     211
The ba construction     212
Summary     218
Phonetic symbols     220
Capitalized abbreviations     223
References     225
Index     229

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