Ethnicity / Edition 1

Ethnicity / Edition 1

by John Hutchinson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0192892746

ISBN-13: 9780192892744

Pub. Date: 12/26/1996

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Although the term "ethnicity" is recent, the sense of kinship, group solidarity, and common culture to which it refers is as old as the historical record. Ethnic communities have been present in every period and on every continent, and have played an important role in all societies. The sense of a common ethnicity remains a major focus of identification

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Overview

Although the term "ethnicity" is recent, the sense of kinship, group solidarity, and common culture to which it refers is as old as the historical record. Ethnic communities have been present in every period and on every continent, and have played an important role in all societies. The sense of a common ethnicity remains a major focus of identification for individuals even today. Ethnic community and identity are also often associated with conflict, particularly with political struggles in various parts of the world. Yet there is no essential connection between ethnicity and conflict, and in many instances, relations may in fact be peaceful and cooperative.
This Oxford Reader offers explanations for the often contentious nature of ethnicity, its worldwide effects, and the possible means for overcoming conflicts. It includes extracts by all the major contributors to debates on ethnicity, including Weber, Brass, Hechter, and Horowitz, and focuses on ethnic groups in the Middle East, the Balkans, Africa, and North America, as well as other areas.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780192892744
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
12/26/1996
Series:
Oxford Readers Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
472
Product dimensions:
8.44(w) x 5.44(h) x 0.99(d)

Table of Contents

List of Maps
Introduction3
1Ethnicity and Minority Groups17
2History and Ethnicity18
3The Core Elements of Ethnicity24
4Ethnicity, Race, Class and Nation28
5The Origins of Ethnic Groups35
6Primordial Ties40
7The Poverty of Primordialism45
8The Inexpungeable Tie of Primordiality51
9Does Race Matter?57
10Ethnicity as Being, Doing and Knowing63
11Beyond Reason: The Nature of the Ethnonational Bond69
12Ethnic Groups and Boundaries75
13Ethnicity and Politics83
14Ethnic Groups and Ethnic Identity Formation85
15Ethnicity and Rational Choice Theory90
16The Actor's Model of Ethnic Relations98
17Pre-modern Polyethnicity and Ethnic Homogeneity107
18The Ancient Greeks and their Nation111
19The Cultural Roots of Modern Japan116
20Archetypal Diasporas120
21Language and Ethnicity in Medieval Europe127
22Beyond the Melting Pot135
23Ethnicity and Social Change138
24Symbolic Ethnicity146
25The Making of Black Identities155
26The New Ethnicities161
27Fictive Ethnicity and Ideal Nation164
28Civic and Ethnic Nations in France and Germany168
29Old Tribes and Imposed Nation-States in the Middle East174
30Middlemen Minorities179
31Chosen Peoples189
32Religion and Ethnicity197
33Orthodoxy and Nationalism202
34Ethnic and Political Nations in Europe209
35Diaspora and Language221
36Symbolic Ethnicity and Language227
37The Creation of Ethnicity in South Africa229
38The Plural Society238
39Multiculturalism in Europe241
40The Idea of 'Race' in Modern China245
41Pan-Africanism and European Imperialism254
42The Aryan Myth and Biblical Universalism259
43Genocide and the Plural Society262
44The Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust270
45Internal Colonialism278
46Ethnic Soldiers282
47Symbolic Politics and Ethnic Status285
48Indigenous Peoples and the State in Latin America291
49Ethnicity and Politics in Pakistan: The Baluch Case294
50The Politics of Ethnicity in India301
51Ethnicity, Nationalism and Democracy in South-East Asia305
52Women, Ethnicity, and Nationalism311
53Diasporas and International Relations316
54Self-Determination as an International Issue321
55Conflict-Regulation in Deeply Divided Societies326
56Eliminating and Managing Ethnic Differences333
57Post-Soviet Ethnic Conflict and International Politics341
58From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism: English Canada and Quebec348
59Ethnic Nationalism in the Late Twentieth Century355
60Australia: Multi-Ethnic Community Without Nationalism?358
61The Post-Modern Revival of Ethnicity367
62Globalization and Ethno-Cultural Differences370
63Ethnicity and Multiculturalism in Immigrant Societies374
Notes378
Select Bibliography423
Biographical Notes430
Source Acknowledgements439
Index443

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