Crime and Policing in Rural and Small-Town America / Edition 3

Crime and Policing in Rural and Small-Town America / Edition 3

by Ralph A. Weisheit, David N. Falcone, L. Edward Wells
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1577664132

ISBN-13: 9781577664130

Pub. Date: 09/15/2005

Publisher: Waveland Press, Inc.

The authors believe that responding to rural crime requires an understanding of the physical and social features of the rural environment, as well as an appreciation of how these features vary among rural areas. This well-documented text promotes the view that rural crime and justice are not subjects of interest to a limited audience; to the contrary, what can be

Overview

The authors believe that responding to rural crime requires an understanding of the physical and social features of the rural environment, as well as an appreciation of how these features vary among rural areas. This well-documented text promotes the view that rural crime and justice are not subjects of interest to a limited audience; to the contrary, what can be learned about the relationship among crime, geography, and culture in the rural setting has implications for crime and justice elsewhere.

This new edition offers both updated statistics and references plus new information on topics not included in the first edition, such as "white trash" and "rednecks," rural prosecutors, crimes related to the environment, the use of deadly force by rural police, the training needs of rural police, and probation in rural areas. Also included are substantially expanded discussions of guns and crime, rural poverty, gangs, violence, arson, small-town municipal police, and rural jails and prisons.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781577664130
Publisher:
Waveland Press, Inc.
Publication date:
09/15/2005
Edition description:
Third Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Editionix
Prefacexi
Introduction1
1The Rural Setting of Crime and Justice5
Geographic Isolation8
Availability of Guns12
Economic Factors16
Chronic Poverty16
Economic Extremes18
Thin Economies21
Race and Ethnicity21
Race in Rural Areas21
Ethnicity in Rural Areas23
Race, Ethnicity, and Crime23
Hicks, Rednecks, and "White Trash"25
Social Climate27
Informal Control27
Mistrust of Government29
Reluctance to Share Internal Problems32
Summary34
2Rural and Small-Town Crime35
Fear of Crime37
Rural versus Urban Crime38
Trends in Rural Crime41
Special Issues46
Gangs46
Alcohol and Drugs53
Rural Schools59
Vice and Organized Crime61
Violence62
Hate Crimes and Anti-Government Groups68
Satanic Cults74
Arson76
Agricultural Crimes79
Wildlife Crimes83
Borders86
Environment and Ecology86
Emerging Issues89
Summary91
3Rural and Small-Town Police95
Who Are Rural Police?97
Sheriffs versus Municipal Police98
Federal, State, and Local Cooperation102
Department Size104
The Effectiveness of Rural Departments108
Styles of Policing in Rural Areas109
Community Policing115
Violence and Rural Police119
The Use of Deadly Force121
Excessive Force and Police Corruption122
Special Problems128
Survey of Rural Police Needs130
Crime Problems132
The Context of Rural Crime and Policing133
Training Needs134
Chiefs versus Sheriffs138
Summary139
4Other Parts of the System143
The Practice of Law146
Prosecutors148
Rural Courts150
Probation153
Rural Jails156
Prisons158
Summary161
5Where Do We Go from Here?163
Broad Issues165
Special Topics167
Domestic Violence167
Drugs168
Arson168
Timber Theft168
Gangs and Gang Influences169
Crime and Violence in Rural Schools169
Crimes Connected to Highways170
Impact of Casinos and Legal Gambling170
Impact of Technology on Crime and the Victimization of Rural Citizens170
Environmental Crimes170
Crime in Areas of Transition171
Crime by and the Victimization of Special Populations171
Crime by and against Minorities in Rural Areas171
Rednecks, White Trash, and Trailer Trash172
Native Americans172
Victim Services172
Impact of Prisons on Crime and Justice in Rural Areas172
Getting Training to Rural Police173
Attracting and Retaining Rural Police Officers173
Reserve, Volunteer, and Part-Time Police173
Part-Time Departments174
Handling Juvenile Offenders in Rural Areas174
Urban Police Officers Who Begin Working in Rural Areas174
A Job Task Analysis of Rural Police Work174
Evaluating Rural Criminal Justice Agencies175
Women and Minorities in Rural Police Work175
Explaining the High Rate of Felonious Killings of Rural Police175
Killings by Rural Police176
Role of Rural Police in Crime Prevention176
Innovative Uses of Technology by Rural Police176
Rural Resource Sharing177
Community Policing in Rural Areas177
Working Relationships among Rural Justice Agencies177
Local, State, and Federal Cooperation178
Summary178
Appendix AWhat Is Rural?179
Conceptual Issues180
Demographic180
Economic181
Social Structure182
Cultural182
Conceptualization of "Rural"183
Measurement Issues186
Analytical Issues191
Rural as a Quantitative Variable versus a Typological Category192
Rural as a Scope Condition versus a Causal Variable192
General versus Localized Analysis192
Rural as a Single Variable versus Many Different Variables193
Rural as a Dependent versus an Independent Variable193
Problematic Assumptions194
The Magnitude Assumption194
The Homogeneity Assumption194
The Implicit Definition Assumption195
Summary195
Appendix BThe Study197
Literature Review197
Interviews198
Focus Groups200
Survey of Rural Police200
References201
Index223

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