List of maps.
List of figures.
List of documents.
1 The practice of history.
The Lelantine War.
The Lelantine War deconstructed.
What is history?
History as literature.
Method and theory.
2 Sources, evidence, dates.
Dating Archaic poets.
3 The end of the Mycenaean world and its aftermath.
Gauging the historicity of the Dorian migration.
The loss and recovery of writing.
Whose Dark Age?
4 Communities of place.
Defining the polis.
The urban aspect of the polis: houses, graves, and walls.
Political and economic functions.
Polis and ethnos.
5 New homes across the seas.
On the move.
The credibility of colonial foundation stories.
Pots and peoples.
A Spartan foundation? Taras, Phalanthos, and the Partheniai.
Hunger or greed?
6 The changing nature of authority.
Charting the genesis of the state.
Kings or "big-men"?
The emergence of an aristocracy.
Laws and institutions.
The return of the "big-man".
Excursus I. A cautionary tale: Pheidon of Argos.
7 Fighting for the fatherland.
A hoplite revolution?.
Some more equal than others.
Conquest, territory, and exploitation.
8. Defining the political community.
Looking to the end.
The role of the dêmos and the Great Rhetra.
Land, labor, and the crisis in Attica.
The "second sex".
Excursus II. Evaluating the Spartan Mirage.
9 The city of Theseus.
The end of the tyranny.
The birth of democracy?
The unification of Attica.
Theseus: democrat or autocrat?
The (a)typicality of Athens.
10 Making a living.
Conceptualizing ancient economic activity.
A peasant economy?
Plying the seas.
The introduction of coinage.
11 Imagining Greece.
Greeks and others: the external dimension.
The rise of Persia and the invasions of Greece.
The invention of the barbarian.
The emergence of panhellenism: the internal dimension.
12 Writing the history of Archaic Greece.
The First Sacred War: fact or fiction?
The limits of narrative history.
Dividing up space and time.
Abbreviations and glossary of literary sources.
Works cited in the further reading.