Modern Literary Criticism and Theory: A History / Edition 1

Modern Literary Criticism and Theory: A History / Edition 1

by M. A. R. Habib
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1405176660

ISBN-13: 2901405176667

Pub. Date: 01/08/2008

Publisher: Wiley

Modern Literary Criticism and Theory: A History is the most comprehensive account of modern criticism and theory available in the English language. It provides a historical survey of the various modes of literary criticism developed in the twentieth century. It is distinguished from other texts in the field not only by providing the larger historical contexts of

Overview

Modern Literary Criticism and Theory: A History is the most comprehensive account of modern criticism and theory available in the English language. It provides a historical survey of the various modes of literary criticism developed in the twentieth century. It is distinguished from other texts in the field not only by providing the larger historical contexts of modern critical works, but also by engaging in close readings of some of the major and commonly taught texts, offering clear, detailed, and philosophically informed explanations of difficult works.

This broadly chronological narrative explores the works of a diverse group of twentieth-century writers - from Irving Babbitt and T. S. Eliot through Simone de Beauvoir and Martin Heidegger to Jacques Derrida, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Judith Butler, Slavoj Zizek, and Elaine Scarry. It stresses the continuity and connections between the various critical approaches of formalism, psychoanalysis, structuralism, deconstruction, Marxism, feminism, gender studies, reader-response and reception theory, historicism, cultural studies, and film theory, as well as the new emphases on aestheticism and liberalism. An invaluable resource for students and teachers at all levels, this book will also appeal to anyone interested in modern literature and culture.

About the Author:
M. A. R. Habib is Professor of English at Kingston University in London

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2901405176667
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
01/08/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
262

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     viii
Introduction     1
Formative Moments in the History of Literary Criticism     3
Historical Backgrounds of Modern Criticism and Theory     5
The Scope of Modern Literary and Cultural Criticism     7
The First Decades: From Liberal Humanism to Formalism     10
The New Humanists, Neo-Romantics, and Precursors of Formalism     11
The Background of Modernism     13
The Poetics of Modernism: W. B. Yeats, Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot     15
Formalism     17
Russian Formalism     19
Boris Eichenbaum (1886-1959)     20
Mikhail M. Bakhtin (1895-1975)     21
Roman Jakobson (1896-1982)     25
The New Criticism     26
John Crowe Ransom (1888-1974)     27
William K. Wimsatt, Jr. (1907-1975) and Monroe C. Beardsley (1915-1985)     28
Socially Conscious Criticism of the Earlier Twentieth Century     31
F. R. Leavis (1895-1978) and Scrutiny     32
Marxist and Left-Wing Criticism     33
Socialist Criticism in Britain     35
The Fundamental Principles of Marxism     35
Marxist Literary Criticism: A Historical Overview     38
Early FeministCriticism: Virginia Woolf and Simone de Beauvoir     42
Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)     44
Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986)     50
Criticism and Theory After the Second World War     55
Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) and Phenomenology     56
Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) and Existentialism     59
Georges Bataille (1897-1962) and Heterology     65
Structuralism     69
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913)     70
Roland Barthes (1915-1980)     72
The Era of Poststructuralism (I): Later Marxism, Psychoanalysis, Deconstruction     77
Later Marxist Criticism     79
Terry Eagleton (b. 1943)     80
Psychoanalysis: Freud and Lacan     83
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)     85
Jacques Lacan (1901-1981)     91
Jacques Derrida (1930-2004) and Deconstruction     99
The Era of Poststructuralism (II): Postmodernism, Modern Feminism, Gender Studies     113
Postmodernism     113
Jurgen Habermas (b. 1929)     117
Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007)     118
Jean-Francois Lyotard (1924-1998)     123
Bell hooks (Gloria Jean Watkins; b. 1952)     126
Modern Feminism      127
French Feminism     127
American Feminism     128
British Feminism     129
Julia Kristeva (b. 1941)     130
Helene Cixous (b. 1937)     132
Gender Studies     137
Gayle Rubin (b. 1949)     140
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick (b. 1950)     141
Judith Butler (b. 1956)     142
The Later Twentieth Century: New Historicism, Reader-Response Theory, and Postcolonial Criticism     146
New Historicism     147
Michel Foucault (1926-1984)     151
Reader-Response and Reception Theory     153
Wolfgang Iser (b. 1926)     155
Stanley Fish (b. 1938)     157
Postcolonial Criticism     159
Edward Said (1935-2004)     163
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (b. 1942)     165
Homi K. Bhabha (b. 1949)     166
Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (b. 1950)     167
Cultural Studies and Film Theory     172
Cultural Studies     172
Raymond Williams (1921-1988)     177
Stuart Hall (b. 1932)     180
Dick Hebdige (b. 1951)     183
John Fiske     186
Susan Bordo (b. 1947)     188
Film Theory      191
Andrew Sarris (b. 1928) and Auteur Theory     195
Jim Kitses: The Study of Genre     196
Christian Metz (1931-1993): A Psychoanalytic Perspective     197
Laura Mulvey (b. 1941): Feminist Film Theory     200
Contemporary Directions: The Return of the Public Intellectual     204
The New Liberalism: Martha Nussbaum, Elaine Scarry, John Carey     205
Martha Nussbaum (b. 1947)     205
Elaine Scarry (b. 1946)     207
John Carey (b. 1934)     210
The New Aestheticism     211
The New Theorists of Revolution: Zizek, Hardt, Negri     213
Slavoj Zizek (b. 1949)     213
Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri: The Concept of Empire     219
Epilogue: The Myth of Liberal Humanism     225
Index     233

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