For Kin or Country: Xenophobia, Nationalism, and War

For Kin or Country: Xenophobia, Nationalism, and War

by Stephen M. Saideman, R. William Ayres
     
 

ISBN-10: 0231144784

ISBN-13: 9780231144780

Pub. Date: 06/24/2008

Publisher: Columbia University Press

The Collapse of an empire can result in the division of families and the redrawing of geographical boundaries. New leaders promise the return of people and territories that may have been lost in the past, often advocating aggressive foreign policies that can result in costly and devastating wars. The final years of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires, the end of…  See more details below

Overview

The Collapse of an empire can result in the division of families and the redrawing of geographical boundaries. New leaders promise the return of people and territories that may have been lost in the past, often advocating aggressive foreign policies that can result in costly and devastating wars. The final years of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires, the end of European colonization in Africa and Asia, and the demise of the Soviet Union were all accompanied by war and atrocity.

These Efforts to reunite lost kin are known as irredentism-territorial claims based on shared ethnic ties made by one state to a minority population residing within another state. For Kin or Country explores this phenomenon, investigating why the collapse of communism prompted more violence in some instances and less violence in others. Despite the tremendous political and economic difficulties facing all former communist states during their transition to a market democracy, only Armenia, Croatia, and Serbia tried to upset existing boundaries. Hungary, Romania, and Russia practiced much more restraint.

The Authors examine various explanations for the causes of irredentism and for the pursuit of less antagonistic policies, including the efforts by Western Europe to tame Eastern Europe. Ultimately, the authors find that internal forces drive irredentist policy even at the risk of a country's self-destruction and that xenophobia may have actually worked to stabilize many postcommunist states in Eastern Europe.

About the Author:
Stephen M. Saideman holds the Canada Chair in International Security and Ethnic Conflict at McGill University

About the Author:
R. William Ayresis director of the Center for Global Citizenship and associate professor of international relations at Elizabethtown College

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231144780
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
06/24/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     ix
List of Tables and Figures     xiii
Introduction     1
Irredentism and Its Absence: International Pressures Versus Domestic Dynamics     21
Dueling Irredentisms: Greater Croatia and Greater Serbia     52
Reunification at Any Price: Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh     78
Pushing the Envelope: Hungary's Assertive Attention to Kin     105
Romania's Restraint? Avoiding the Worst Through Domestic Scapegoating     140
Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Russia and Its Kin in the Near Abroad     174
War and Peace in Eastern Europe, the Former Soviet Union, and Beyond     202
Findings and Implications     232
References     253
Index     277

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