Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings / Edition 1

Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings / Edition 1

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by George A. Morgan
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0805853324

ISBN-13: 2900805853321

Pub. Date: 08/10/2005

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Clinically oriented professionals and students need to understand and evaluate the research and statistics in professional articles, especially given today's emphasis on evidence-based practice. This book consists of updates of 33 previously published articles from the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, as well as an introduction and a

Overview

Clinically oriented professionals and students need to understand and evaluate the research and statistics in professional articles, especially given today's emphasis on evidence-based practice. This book consists of updates of 33 previously published articles from the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, as well as an introduction and a conclusion on how to analyze and evaluate research articles. The book demonstrates how the research approach and design help determine the appropriate statistical analysis.

This book is intended for practitioners and students in psychology, education, counseling, mental and allied health, nursing, and medicine, and as a text for courses on understanding research methods and statistics. Exposure to research and statistics is assumed.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900805853321
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
08/10/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
382

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Acknowledgmentsxiii
IIntroductory Chapters
1Framework and Sample Studies3
2Definition, Purposes, and Dimensions of Research9
3A Tale of Two Paradigms: Quantitative and Qualitative14
4Ethical Problems and Principles in Human Research18
5Ethical Issues Related to Publishing and Reviewing24
IIVariables and Their Measurement
6Research Problems and Variables31
7Measurement and Descriptive Statistics36
8Measurement Reliability44
9Measurement Validity50
10Data Collection Techniques59
IIIResearch Approaches, Questions, and Designs
11Quantitative Research Approaches69
12Research Questions and Hypotheses76
13Quasi-Experimental Designs81
14Randomized Experimental Designs89
15Single-Subject Designs95
16General Design Classifications103
IVIntroduction to the Evaluation of Methods and Design
17Internal Validity113
18Sampling and Population External Validity122
19Evaluating the Validity of a Research Study: An Introduction129
VIntroduction to Inferential Statistics and Their Interpretation
20Introduction to Inferential Statistics and Hypothesis Testing143
21Problems With Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST)152
22Using Effect Sizes and Confidence Intervals to Interpret the Results of a Statistical Test159
VISelection and Interpretation of Specific Statistics
23Selection of Inferential Statistics: An Overview173
24Single-Factor Between-Groups Designs: Analysis and Interpretation180
25Single-Factor Repeated-Measures Designs: Analysis and Interpretation188
26Basic Associational Designs: Analysis and Interpretation195
27The Chi-Square Test and Accompanying Effect Size Indices201
28Between-Groups Factorial Designs: Analysis and Interpretation208
29Pretest-Posttest Comparison Group Designs: Analysis and Interpretation215
30Use and Interpretation of Multiple Regression223
31Logistic Regression and Discriminant Analysis: Use and Interpretation229
32Selection and Use of Inferential Statistics: A Summary236
33Interpretation of Alpha, Factor Analysis, and Principal Components Analysis246
VIIApplication Chapters
34Levels of Evidence for Evidence-Based Practice257
35Meta-Analysis: Formulation and Interpretation265
36Effect Sizes and Clinical Significance272
VIIIEvaluation of Research Validity
37Framework for a Comprehensive Evaluation of the Research Validity of a Study285
38Evaluations of Four Sample Articles310
Appendix AResearch Validity Evaluation Form322
Appendix BCompleted Research Validity Evaluation Form329
Appendix CComparative Numerical Evaluations of the Four Sample Studies337
Appendix DConfusing Terms339
References344
Author Index351
Subject Index357

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