Active Tectonics : Earthquakes, Uplift, and Landscape / Edition 2by Edward A. Keller, Nicholas Pinter
Pub. Date: 09/26/2002
Active Tectonics is a carefully organized, easily understandable book. Extremely current throughout, this book thoroughly explores the effects of earthquakes and active tectonic systems on humans, geomorphic systems, and Earth's topography. Complete with numerous case studies in a variety of regions, the very latest advances in the field, separate/i>/b>
Active Tectonics is a carefully organized, easily understandable book. Extremely current throughout, this book thoroughly explores the effects of earthquakes and active tectonic systems on humans, geomorphic systems, and Earth's topography. Complete with numerous case studies in a variety of regions, the very latest advances in the field, separate quantitative techniques boxed sections, and a host of pedagogical aids. This comprehensive book focuses on new advances in the technology and new applications to geology and tectonics. Increased material on Quaternary chronology, including lichen chronology and micro stratigraphy of desert varnish. New studies, including research in the Olympic Mountains, Nepal, Australia, Taiwan, the Himalaya, and the New Madrid seismic zone of the central United States. New techniques such as cosmogenic surface-exposure dating, argon and helium geobarometry and geothermometry, regional hyposometric analysis using digital elevation models, geodetic positioning, and coupled geodynamical computer simulations of topographic evolution are covered. Covers a number of regions with case studies including: Alaska; Pacific Northwest; California; The basin and range; Midwest; and East Coast. Ideal for beginning readers in active tectonics, geomorphology and natural hazards. This book may also be of interest to city planners, seismic engineers, and other non-geologists.
Table of Contents(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with Summary and References Cited.)
1. Introduction to Active Tectonics: Emphasizing Earthquakes.
Active Tectonics. Global Tectonic. Earthquakes and Related Phenomena. Magnitude and Intensity of Earthquakes. Seismic Waves. Material Amplification. Directivity. Active Fault Zones. Estimation of Seismic Risk. Effects of Earthquakes. Earthquakes Caused by Human Activity. The Earthquake Cycle. Predicting Ground Motion.
2. Landforms, Tectonic Geomorphology, and Quaternary Chronology.
Tectonic Geomorphology. Geomorphic Concepts. Tectonic Geomorphology and Faulting. Pleistocene and Holocene Chronology.
Introduction. Principles of Geodesy. Geodetic Techniques. Applications.
4. Geomorphic Indices of Active Tectonics.
Introduction. Hypsometric Curve and Hypsometric Integral. Drainage Basic Asymmetry. Stream Length-Gradient Index (SL). Mountain-Front Sinuosity (Smf). Ratio of Valley-Floor Width to Valley Height (Vf). Alluvial Fans and Tectonic Activity at Mountain Fronts. Relic Mountain Fronts. Classification of Relative Tectonic Activity.
5. Active Tectonics and Rivers.
Introduction. Fluvial Responses to Tectonic Modification. Models of Tectonic Adjustment.
6. Active Tectonics and Coastlines.
Introduction. Coastal Landforms. Coseismic Deformation. Coastal Geomorphology and Sea Level. Long-Term Uplift. Deformation of Coastal Terraces. Lake Shorelines. Dating Coastal Landforms. Coastal Tectonics and Time Scale.
7. Active Folding and Earthquakes.
Introduction. Fold-and-Thrust Belts. Flexural-Slip Faults. Folding and Strike-Slip Faulting. Tectonic Geomorphology of Active Folds. Case Study: Wheeler Ridge Anticline. Case Study: Ventura Avenue Anticline.
8. Paleoseismology and Earthquake Prediction.
Paleoseismology. Evidence for Paleoearthquakes. Fault-Zone Segmentation. Case Study: Segmentation and Paleoseismicity of the Wasatch Fault Zone, Utah. Models of Earthquake Recurrence. Case Study: Twelve Centuries of Earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault. Conditional Probabilities for Future Earthquakes. Earthquake Prediction. Earthquake-Hazard Reduction. Adjustments to Earthquake Activity.
9. Mountain Building.
Introduction. Models of Landscape and Mountain Development. Dynamics of Orogenesis. Linkages in a Feedback-Rich Orogenic Systems. Landscape Evolution.
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