Supernovae and Nucleosynthesis: An Investigation of the History of Matter, from the Big Bang to the Present / Edition 1

Supernovae and Nucleosynthesis: An Investigation of the History of Matter, from the Big Bang to the Present / Edition 1

by David Arnett
     
 

This book investigates the question of how matter has evolved since its origin in the Big Bang, from the cosmological synthesis of hydrogen and helium to the generation of the complex set of nuclei that comprise our world and our selves. A central theme is the evolution of gravitationally contained thermonuclear reactors, otherwise known as stars. Our current… See more details below

Overview

This book investigates the question of how matter has evolved since its origin in the Big Bang, from the cosmological synthesis of hydrogen and helium to the generation of the complex set of nuclei that comprise our world and our selves. A central theme is the evolution of gravitationally contained thermonuclear reactors, otherwise known as stars. Our current understanding is presented systematically and quantitatively, by combining simple analytic models with new state-of-the-art computer simulations.The narrative begins with the clues (primarily the solar system abundance pattern), the constraining physics (primarily nuclear and particle physics), and the thermonuclear burning in the Big Bang itself. It continues with a step-by-step description of how stars evolve by nuclear reactions, a critical investigation of supernova explosion mechanisms and the formation of neutron stars and of black holes, and an analysis of how such explosions appear to astronomers (illustrated by comparison with recent observations). It concludes with a synthesis of these ideas for galactic evolution, with implications for nucleosynthesis in the first generation of stars and for the solar system abundance pattern. Emphasis is given to questions that remain open, and to active research areas that bridge the disciplines of astronomy, cosmochemistry, physics, and planetary and space science. Extensive references are given.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900691011478
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/04/1996
Series:
Princeton Series in Astrophysics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
496

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
1Introduction1
2Abundances of Nuclei4
3Some Aspects of Nuclear Physics48
4Nuclear Reaction Networks92
5Cosmological Nucleosynthesis118
6Some Properties of Stars146
7Hydrogen-Burning Stars182
8Helium-Burning Stars222
9Explosive Nucleosynthesis249
10Neutrino-Cooled Stars284
11Thermonuclear Explosions324
12Gravitational Collapse381
13Supernovae414
14Galactic Evolution459
App. A Solar System Abundances519
App. B Equations of State532
App. C Stellar Structure548
App. D Supernova Light Curves558
References573
Index595

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