10. Republicans in Power, 1800-1824
Turbulent Times: Election and Rebellion
The Jeffersonian Vision of Republican Simplicity
Dangers Overseas: The Barbary Wars
Opportunities and Challenges in the West
The Louisiana Purchase
The Lewis and Clark Expedition
Osage and Comanche Indians
VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Exchange on the Lewis and Clark Trail"
Jefferson, the Madisons, and the War of 1812
Impressment and Embargo
Dolley Madison and Social Politics
Tecumseh and Tippecanoe
The War of 1812
Washington City Burns: The British Offensive
Women's Status in the Early Republic
Women and the Law
Women and Church Governance
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "One Woman's Quest to Provide Higher Education for Women"
Monroe and Adams
From Property to Democracy
The Missouri Compromise
The Monroe Doctrine
The Election of 1824
The Adams Administration
Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex
11. The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840
The Market Revolution
Improvements in Transportation
Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor
Bankers and Lawyers
Booms and Busts
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834"
The Spread of Democracy
Popular Politics and Partisan Identity
The Election of 1828 and the Character Issue
Jackson's Democratic Agenda
Jackson Defines the Democratic Party
Indian Policy and the Trail of Tears
The Tariff of Abominations and Nullification
The Bank War and Economic Boom
Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform
The Family and Separate Spheres
The Education and Training of Youths
The Second Great Awakening
The Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral Reform
Organizing against Slavery
BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Transatlantic Abolition"
Van Buren's One-Term Presidency
The Politics of Slavery
Elections and Panics
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Going Ahead or Gone to Smash: An Entrepreneur Struggles in the 1830s"
Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?
12. The New West and the Free North, 1840-1860
Economic and Industrial Evolution
Agriculture and Land Policy
Manufacturing and Mechanization
Railroads: Breaking the Bonds of Nature
Free Labor: Promise and Reality
The Free-Labor Ideal
Immigrants and the Free-Labor Ladder
VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Path of Progress"
BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Global Prosperity in the 1850s"
The Westward Movement
Oregon and the Overland Trail
The Mormon Exodus
The Mexican Borderlands
Expansion and the Mexican-American War
The Politics of Expansion
The Mexican-American War, 1846-1848
Victory in Mexico
Reforming Self and Society
The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and Utopians
Woman's Rights Activists
Abolitionists and the American Ideal
Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men
13. The Slave South, 1820-1860
The Growing Distinctiveness of the South
Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire
The South in Black and White
The Plantation Economy
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Defending Slavery"
Masters and Mistresses in the Big House
Paternalism and Male Honor
The Southern Lady and Feminine Virtues
HISTORICAL QUESTION: "How Often Were Slaves Whipped?"
Slaves in the Quarter
Family and Religion
Resistance and Rebellion
The Plain Folk
Plantation Belt Yeomen
The Culture of the Plain Folk
Black and Free: On the Middle Ground
Achievement despite Restrictions
The Politics of Slavery
The Democratization of the Political Arena
Conclusion: A Slave Society
14. The House Divided, 1846-1861
The Bitter Fruits of War
The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery
The Election of 1848
Debate and Compromise
The Sectional Balance Undone
The Fugitive Slave Act
Uncle Tom's Cabin
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
Realignment of the Party System
The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats
The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans
The Election of 1856
BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny"
Freedom under Siege
The Dred Scott Decision
Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Purse of Her Own: Petitioning for the Right to Own Propert"
The Union Collapses
The Aftermath of John Brown's Raid
Republican Victory in 1860
Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise
15. The Crucible of War, 1861-1865
"And the War Came"
Attack on Fort Sumter
The Upper South Chooses Sides
How They Expected to Win
Lincoln and Davis Mobilize
Battling It Out, 1861-1862
Stalemate in the Eastern Theater
Union Victories in the Western Theater
The Atlantic Theater
Union and Freedom
From Slaves to Contraband
From Contraband to Free People
The War of Black Liberation
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Right to Fight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War"
The South at War
Revolution from Above
The Disintegration of Slavery
The North at War
The Government and the Economy
Women and Work at Home and at War
Politics and Dissent
Grinding Out Victory, 1863-1865
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
Grant Takes Command
The Election of 1864
The Confederacy Collapses
HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?"
Conclusion: The Second American Revolution
16. Reconstruction, 1863-1877
"To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"
Land and Labor
The African American Quest for Autonomy
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Meaning of Freedom"
Johnson's Program of Reconciliation
White Southern Resistance and Black Codes
Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights
The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence
Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule
Impeaching a President
The Fifteenth Amendment and Women's Demands
The Struggle in the South
Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen
White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers
HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"
VISUALIZING HISTORY: "A Post-Slavery Encounter"
Grant's Troubled Presidency
Northern Resolve Withers
White Supremacy Triumphs
An Election and a Compromise
Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"
17. The Contested West, 1865-1900
Conquest and Empire in the West
Indian Removal and the Reservation System
The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds
Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comancher’a
The Fight for the Black Hills
BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu"
Forced Assimilation and Resistance Strategies
Indian Schools and the War against Indian Culture
The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment
Indian Resistance and Survival
Gold Fever and the Mining West
Mining on the Comstock Lode
The Diverse Peoples of the West
Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators
Ranchers and Cowboys
Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants
Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboys
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Young Women Homesteaders and the Promise of the West"
Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age
18. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1865-1900
Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born
Railroads: America's First Big Business
Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration
John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust
New Inventions: The Telephone and Electricity
VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Vanderbilts and the Gilded Age"
From Competition to Consolidation
J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism
Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court
HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?"
Politics and Culture
Political Participation and Party Loyalty
Sectionalism and the New South
Gender, Race, and Politics
Corruption and Party Strife
Garfield's Assassination and Civil Service Reform
Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884
Economic Issues and Party Realignment
The Tariff and the Politics of Protection
Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government
The Fight for Free Silver
Panic and Depression
Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era
19. The City and Its Workers, 1870-1900
The Rise of the City
The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration
Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction
The Social Geography of the City
SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking Refuge: Russian Jews Escape the Pogroms"
At Work in Industrial America
America's Diverse Workers
The Family Economy: Women and Children
White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877
The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor
Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism
At Home and at Play
Domesticity and "Domestics"
City Growth and City Government
Building Cities of Stone and Steel
City Government and the "Bosses"
White City or City of Sin?
BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "The World's Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs"
Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?
20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890-1900
The Farmers' Revolt
The Farmers' Alliance
The Populist Movement
The Labor Wars
The Homestead Lockout
The Cripple Creek Miners' Strike of 1894
Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike
DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike: Framing Class Conflict"
Frances Willard and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage
The People's Party and the Election of 1896
The United States and the World
Markets and Missionaries
The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy
"A Splendid Little War"
The Debate over American Imperialism
BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Regime Change in Hawai'i"
HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?"
Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag