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Gender and Sexuality in the Middle Ages: A Medieval Source Documents Reader
     

Gender and Sexuality in the Middle Ages: A Medieval Source Documents Reader

by Martha A. Brozyna
 

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ISBN-10: 0786420421

ISBN-13: 9780786420421

Pub. Date: 03/21/2005

Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers

Perceptions about gender and sexuality have shaped the lives of men and women in every known culture and in every period of history. To study these perceptions one must delve into the underlying religious, social, philosophical and scientific influences. Understanding gender and sexuality during the Middle Ages requires an examination of the ideas, laws and

Overview

Perceptions about gender and sexuality have shaped the lives of men and women in every known culture and in every period of history. To study these perceptions one must delve into the underlying religious, social, philosophical and scientific influences. Understanding gender and sexuality during the Middle Ages requires an examination of the ideas, laws and institutions of the time—for example, the regulations of the Christian church, the anatomical studies of the medieval medical community, the chronicles of the time and the social criticism found in medieval literature.
This reader brings such documents from throughout the medieval world into one collection. Representing a diverse range of ethnic, geographic and religious backgrounds, documents of the late Roman, Germanic, Anglo-Norman, Mediterranean, Byzantine, Slavic, Jewish and Islamic identities are all included. The book’s chapters are organized according to nine areas—the Bible; Christian thought; chronicles; law; biology, medicine and science; literature; witchcraft and heresy; Judaism; and Islam—allowing for comparative examination of different societies and periods of the Middle Ages.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780786420421
Publisher:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date:
03/21/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.65(d)

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction 1

I. THE BIBLE

1. OLD TESTAMENT 7

Genesis 7

Leviticus 10

Deuteronomy 11

The Song of Songs (Song of Solomon) 12

2. NEW TESTAMENT 15

The Gospel According to Matthew 15

The Gospel According to John 16

The First Epistle to the Corinthians 16

The Epistle to the Ephesians 18

The First Epistle to Timothy 18

II. CHRISTIAN THOUGHT

3. EARLY CHURCH FATHERS 23

Tertullian: On the Apparel of Women 23

St. Jerome: “Letter to Eustochium” 26

St. Augustine: The Good of Marriage and The City of God 31

4. REFORMERS, SCHOLASTICS AND PREACHERS 38

Peter Damian: The Book of Gomorrah 38

Pope Gregory VII: “Letter to Bishop Otto of Constance” 41

John of Salisbury: Policratus 43

Jacques de Vitry: Exempla from Sermones Vulgares 48

St. Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica 50

Alfonso Martinez de Toledo: Archpriest of Talavera or Whip 58

5. MYSTICISM 62

Bernard of Clairvaux: Sermons on the Song of Songs 62

Hadewijch: Visions of Hadewijch 64

Mechthild of Magdeburg: The owing Light of the Godhead 66

Julian of Norwich: Revelations of Divine Love 68

6. HAGIOGRAPHY 70

The Life and Conduct of the Blessed Mary Who Changed Her Name to Marinos 70

III. CHRONICLES

7. EARLY CHURCH AND GERMANIC PEOPLES 77

Tacitus: Germania 77

Eusebius: Church History 78

Gregory of Tours: History of the Franks 80

Paul the Deacon: History of the Lombards 82

8. CONTINENTAL EUROPE, THE BRITISH ISLES AND IRELAND 85

Ibn Fadlan: Risala 85

Thietmar of Merseburg: Chronicon 87

Orderic Vitalis: Ecclesiastical History 89

"Hugo Falcandus": The History of the Tyrants of Sicily 90

Gerald of Wales: The Topography of Ireland 91

Roger de Hoveden: Annals of Roger de Hoveden 92

Salimbene de Adam: The Chronicle of Salimbene de Adam 94

Jean Froissart: The Chronicles of Jean Froissart 95

Jan Dùugosz: Annals of the Kingdom of Poland 96

9. RUSSIA AND THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE 98

Procopius of Caesarea: Secret History 98

The Russian Primary Chronicle 100

Niketas Choniates: Annals of Niketas Choniates 102

Sigmund Herberstein: Notes Upon Russia 103

Adam Olearius: The Travels of Olearius 104

IV. LAW

10. SECULAR LAW 109

Byzantine Law: The Ecloga 109

Alamannic Laws 111

Norwegian Laws 113

The Law of Personal Rights—Gulathing 113

The Law of Personal Rights—Frostathing 114

Serbo-Croatian Laws 115

Vinodol Law Code 116

Law Code of Emperor Stefan Du§an 116

London City Archives 117

Memorials of London and London Life 117

Liber Albus 120

11. CANON LAW 123

Penitentials 123

The Penitential of Cummean 123

The Penitential of Theodore 124

Church Councils 127

First Council of Nicea 128

Second Council of Nicea 128

Fourth Lateran Council 129

The Register of Eudes of Rouen 131

Consistory Courts 133

Cases from English Records 133

Kraków Archives 134

12. A UNIVERSITY RECORD 137

University of Kraków 137

V. BIOLOGY, MEDICINE AND SCIENCE

13. UNDERSTANDING MALE AND FEMALE 141

Galen: On the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body 141

Isidore of Seville: Etymologia 142

Medieval Woman’s Guide to Health 145

14. SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND REPRODUCTION 147

Soranus: Gynaecia 147

Constantine the African: De Coitu 150

Hildegard of Bingen: Causa et Curae 152

William of Conches: Dragmaticon 156

Pseudo-Albertus Magnus: On the Secrets of Women 158

15. REMEDIES 161

Trotula of Salerno: Writings of Trotula 161

Moses Maimonides

Writings of Moses Maimonides 162

Treatise on Cohabitation 163

Medical Aphorisms 164

Peter of Spain: Thesaurus pauperum 165

VI. LITERATURE

16. POETRY 173

Lyrics 173

“A Knight Was with His Lady Fondly Lying” (Gaucelm Faidit) 173

“Am I, Am I, Am I Fair?” (Eustache Deschamps) 174

“Under the Lime Tree” (Walther von der Vogelweide) 175

“Ballade for Fat Margot” (François Villon) 176

Marie de France: Lais 177

“Laüstic” 177

Andreas Capellanus: The Art of Courtly Love 179

Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun: The Romance of the Rose 183

Dante Alighieri: The Divine Comedy 185

Same-Sex Love Poetry 188

“The End of a Letter to Ausonius” (Paulinus of Nola) 188

“Five Epigrams on an Adulterer and a Voluptuary” (Ennodius) 189

“To a Hermaphrodite Girl” (Luxorius) 189

“To a Boy of Angers” (Hilary the Englishman) 189

Later Graffiti in a Ninth-Century Manuscript (Author unknown) 190

Lesbian Love Letter from a German Manuscript (Author unknown) 190

17. RIDDLES, SONGS AND STORIES 192

Riddles from the Exeter Book 192

Carmina Burana 193

“Grates ago Veneri” 193

“Servit aure spiritus” 194

“Cur suspectum me tenet domina?” 195

Fabliaux 195

“The Priest Who Peeked” 196

Geoffrey Chaucer: The Canterbury Tales—“The Wife of Bath’s Prologue” 197

18. ADVICE MANUALS 200

Dhuoda: Handbook for William 200

Kekaumenos: Strategikon 202

19. MEMOIRS 204

St. Augustine: Confessions 204

Guibert of Nogent: Memoirs of Guibert of Nogent 206

Peter Abelard: History of My Calamities 209

Margery Kempe: The Book of Margery Kempe 212

20. SAGAS 214

Laxdaela Saga 214

Njal’s Saga 216

21. DRAMA 219

Hrotsvit of Gandersheim: Dulcitius 219

VII. WITCHCRAFT AND HERESY

22. WITCHCRAFT 229

St. Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica 229

Martin Le Franc: Defender of Ladies 231

Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger: Malleus Maleficarum 233

23. HERESY 242

St. Augustine: De Haeresibus 242

Ralph of Coggeshall: Chronicle of Ralph of Coggeshall 243

Pierre des Vaux de Cernay: Historia Albigensis 246

James Capelli: “The Protests of the Heretics That in Matrimony No One Can Be Saved” 248

VIII. JUDAISM

24. JUDAIC LAW 253

Midrash Rabbah 253

Babylonian Talmud 257

Christian Law Pertaining to Jews 259

Laws of the Visigoths 259

Conciliar Canons 261

Penitential of Pseudo-Thedore 262

25. JUDAIC THOUGHT 263

Philo of Alexandria: “The Female Nature” 263

Saadia Gaon: The Book of Beliefs and Opinions 264

Moses Maimonides: The Guide of the Perplexed 268

26. JEWISH CULTURE 274

Josephus: The Jewish War 274

Jewish Poets 275

Samuel the Nagid 275

Moses Ibn Ezra 275

Solomon Ibn Gabirol 277

Judah Halevi 277

Ethical Wills 277

Will of R. Eleazer the Great 277

Will of Judah ibn Tibbon 278

Will of Eleazar of Mayence 278

IX. ISLAM

27. ISLAMIC RELIGION AND LAW 283

Qur’an 283

Hadiths 288

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali: Book on the Etiquette of Marriage 292

Ibn Abdun: “The Markets of Seville” 294

28. ISLAMIC CULTURE AND HISTORY 296

Jahiz: Selections from Jahiz 296

Al-Masudi: Meadows of Gold 297

Ibn Butlan: Selections from Ibn Butlan 299

Usama ibn Munquidh: “The Franks and Marital Jealousy” 305

Imad Ad-Din: “Frankish Women of the Crusades of Peace and War” 307

Women Poets 309

Fadl Ashsha'ira 310

Thawab bint Abdullah al-Hanzaliyya 310

Wallada bint al-Mustakfi 310

Buthaina bint al-Mu’tamid ibn Abbad 310

Moorish Poets 310

Abu Hafs 311

Abu Bahr 311

Ibn Sa’id 311

Index 313

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