Confronting Fascism in Egypt: Dictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s

Confronting Fascism in Egypt: Dictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s

by Israel Gershoni, James Jankowski
     
 

ISBN-10: 0804763445

ISBN-13: 9780804763448

Pub. Date: 11/18/2009

Publisher: Stanford University Press

Confronting Fascism in Egypt offers a new reading of the political and intellectual culture of Egypt during the interwar era. Though scholarship has commonly emphasized Arab political and military support of Axis powers, this work reveals that the shapers of Egyptian public opinion were largely unreceptive to fascism, openly rejecting totalitarian ideas and

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Overview

Confronting Fascism in Egypt offers a new reading of the political and intellectual culture of Egypt during the interwar era. Though scholarship has commonly emphasized Arab political and military support of Axis powers, this work reveals that the shapers of Egyptian public opinion were largely unreceptive to fascism, openly rejecting totalitarian ideas and practices, Nazi racism, and Italy's and Germany's expansionist and imperialist agendas. The majority (although not all) of Egyptian voices supported liberal democracy against the fascist challenge, and most Egyptians sought to improve and reform, rather than to replace and destroy, the existing constitutional and parliamentary system.

The authors place Egyptian public discourse in the broader context of the complex public sphere within which debate unfolded—in Egypt's large and vibrant network of daily newspapers, as well as the weekly or monthly opinion journals—emphasizing the open, diverse, and pluralistic nature of the interwar political and cultural arena. In examining Muslim views of fascism at the moment when classical fascism was at its peak, this enlightening book seriously challenges the recent assumption of an inherent Muslim predisposition toward authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and "Islamo-Fascism."

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780804763448
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
Publication date:
11/18/2009
Pages:
360
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments....................ix
Abbreviations of Egyptian Periodicals....................xi
Introduction: Narratives of Modern Egyptian History....................3
1 The Historical Setting: Egyptian Politics in the Later 1930s....................14
Prologue: Public Sphere and Public Discourse in Interwar Egypt....................49
2 The Fascist Threat as Seen in the Egyptian Daily Press....................56
3 Mockery and Terror: Fascism and Nazism in Visual Imagery....................88
4 Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism, I: Fascism at Home: Denouncing Totalitarianism and Racism....................111
5 Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism, II: Fascism in the World: European Imperialism in a New Style....................166
Prologue: The New Effendiyya of the 1930s....................207
6 The Muslim Brothers Consider Fascism and Nazism....................210
7 The Young Egypt Movement: An Egyptian Version of Fascism?....................234
Conclusion: Shifting Narratives....................267
Notes....................285
Bibliography....................325
Index....................335

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