What Is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions / Edition 1

What Is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions / Edition 1

by James Schmidt
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0520202260

ISBN-13: 2900520202268

Pub. Date: 09/08/1996

Publisher: University of California Press

This collection contains the first English translations of a group of important eighteenth-century German essays that address the question, "What is Enlightenment?" The book also includes newly translated and newly written interpretive essays by leading historians and philosophers, which examine the origins of eighteenth-century debate on Enlightenment and explore

Overview

This collection contains the first English translations of a group of important eighteenth-century German essays that address the question, "What is Enlightenment?" The book also includes newly translated and newly written interpretive essays by leading historians and philosophers, which examine the origins of eighteenth-century debate on Enlightenment and explore its significance for the present. In recent years, critics from across the political and philosophical spectrum have condemned the Enlightenment for its complicity with any number of present-day social and cultural maladies. It has rarely been noticed, however, that at the of the Enlightenment, German thinkers had already begun a scrutiny of their age so wide-ranging that there are few subsequent criticisms that had not been considered by the close of the eighteenth century. Among the concerns these essays address are the importance of freedom of expression, the relationship between faith and reason, and the responsibility of the Enlightenment for revolutions. Included are translations of works by such well-known figures as Immanuel Kant, Moses Melssohn, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and Johann Georg Hamann, as well as essays by thinkers whose work is virtually unknown to American readers. These eighteenth-century texts are set against interpretive essays by such major twentieth-century figures as Max Horkheimer, Jürgen Habermas, and Michel Foucault.

Author Biography: James Schmidt is Chair of the Department of Political Science at Boston University. He is author of Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Between Phenomenology and Structuralism (1985).

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900520202268
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
09/08/1996
Series:
Philosophical Traditions Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
500

Table of Contents

Contents

PREFACE, ix,
Introduction: What Is Enlightenment? A Question, Its Context, and Some Consequences James Schmidt, 1,
Part 1. THE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY DEBATE, 45,
1. The Question and Some Answers, 47,
2. The Public Use of Reason, 85,
3. Faith and Enlightenment, 143,
4. The Politics of Enlightenment, 189,
Part II. HISTORICAL REFLECTIONS, 233,
The Berlin Wednesday Society Günter Birtsch, 235,
The Subversive Kant: The Vocabulary of "Public" and "Publicity" John Christian Laursen, 253,
On Enlightenment for the Common Man Jonathan B. Knudsen, 270,
Modern Culture Comes of Age: Hamann versus Kant on the Root Metaphor of Enlightenment Garrett Green, 291,
Jacobi's Critique of the Enlightenment Dale E. Snow, 306,
Early Romanticism and the Aufklärung Frederick C. Beiser, 317,
Progress: Ideas, Skepticism, and Critique—The Heritage of the Enlightenment Rudolph Vierhaus, 330,
Part III. TWENTIETH-CENTURY QUESTIONS, 343,
What Is Enlightenment? Rudiger Bittner, 345,
Reason Against Itself: Some Remarks on Enlightenment Max Horkheimer, 359,
What Is Enlightened Thinking? Georg Picht, 368,
What Is Critique? Michel Foucault, 382,
The Unity of Reason in the Diversity of Its Voices Jürgen Habermas, 399,
The Battle of Reason with the Imagination Hartmut Böhme and Gernot Böhme, 426,
The Failure of Kant's Imagination Jane Kneller, 453,
The Gender of Enlightenment Robin May Schott, 471,
Autonomy, Individuality, and Self-Determination Lewis Hinchman, 488,
Enlightened Cosmopolitanism: The Political Perspective of the Kantian "Sublime" Kevin Paul Geiman, 517,
CONTRIBUTORS TO PARTS II AND III, 533,
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY, 537,
INDEX, 555,

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