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Hitler's Economy: Nazi Work Creation Programs, 1933-1936
     

Hitler's Economy: Nazi Work Creation Programs, 1933-1936

by Dan P. Silverman
 

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ISBN-10: 0674740718

ISBN-13: 9780674740716

Pub. Date: 08/28/1998

Publisher: Harvard

When Hitler assumed the German chancellorship in January 1933, 34 percent of Germany's work force was unemployed. By 1936, before Hitler's rearmament program took hold of the economy, most of the jobless had disappeared from official unemployment statistics. How did the Nazis put Germany back to work? Was the recovery genuine? If so, how and why was it so

Overview

When Hitler assumed the German chancellorship in January 1933, 34 percent of Germany's work force was unemployed. By 1936, before Hitler's rearmament program took hold of the economy, most of the jobless had disappeared from official unemployment statistics. How did the Nazis put Germany back to work? Was the recovery genuine? If so, how and why was it so much more successful than that of other industrialized nations? Hitler's Economy addresses these questions and contributes to our understanding of the internal dynamics and power structure of the Nazi regime in the early years of the Third Reich.

Dan Silverman focuses on Nazi direct work creation programs, utilizing rich archival sources to trace the development and implementation of these programs at the regional and local level. He rigorously evaluates the validity of Nazi labor market statistics and reassesses the relative importance of road construction, housing, land reclamation, and resettlement in Germany's economic recovery, while providing new insights into how these projects were financed. He illuminates the connection between work creation and Nazi race, agriculture, and resettlement policies. Capping his work is a comparative analysis of economic recovery during the 1930s in Germany, Britain, and the United States.

Silverman concludes that the recovery in Germany between 1933 and 1936 was real, not simply the product of statistical trickery and the stimulus of rearmament, and that Nazi work creation programs played a significant role. However, he argues, it was ultimately the workers themselves, toiling under inhumane conditions in labor camps, who paid the price for this recovery. Nazi propaganda glorifying the "dignity of work" masked the brutal reality of Hitler's "economic miracle."

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674740716
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
08/28/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

National Socialist Labor Market Statistics: Fact or Fiction?

Financing Germany's Economic Recovery

National Socialist Work Creation from Theory to Practice

Work Creation in Action: The Conquest of Unemployment

Race Policy, Agricultural Policy, and Work Creation: The Hellmuth Plan for the Rhön

Local and Regional Efforts in the "Battle for Work"

Road Building: "Motorization," Work Creation, and Preparation for War

The "Voluntary" Labor Service under National Socialism

From Creating Jobs to Allocating Labor

The Nazi Economic Achievement: A Comparative Evaluation

Appendix

Notes

Sources

Index

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