Child Development through Middle Childhood: A Cultural Approach / Edition 1

Child Development through Middle Childhood: A Cultural Approach / Edition 1

by Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, Ashley Maynard

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ISBN-10: 0205914195

ISBN-13: 9780205914197

Pub. Date: 11/05/2012

Publisher: Pearson

Help students understand how culture impacts development - and why it matters.

Through current research and examples from around the world, Arnett/Maynard’s Child Development provides students with a more accurate and practical understanding of how development works in the real world. Whether they travel the globe or remain


Help students understand how culture impacts development - and why it matters.

Through current research and examples from around the world, Arnett/Maynard’s Child Development provides students with a more accurate and practical understanding of how development works in the real world. Whether they travel the globe or remain in their home towns, students will benefit from being able to think culturally about human development and our culturally diverse and globalized world. New U.S. and international videos, shot in several countries, allow students to observe similarities and differences in human development across cultures.

MyDevelopmentLab is an integral part of the Arnett/Maynard program. Key learning applications include a personalized study plan, MyDevelopmentLab Video Series, and MyVirtualChild.

A better teaching and learning experience

The teaching and learning experience with this program helps to:

  • Personalize Learning – MyDevelopmentLab is online learning. MyDevelopmentLab engages students through personalized learning and helps instructors from course preparation to delivery and assessment.
  • Understand Culture and Diversity – Extensive cultural coverage is woven into the narrative and on vivid display in images.
  • Improve Critical Thinking – Students will learn to think critically about the influence of culture on development. Learning objectives, listed at the start of each chapter and within every section, help students better organize and understand the material.
  • Engage Students – Research and examples on the similarities and differences in child development across cultures will fascinate students.
  • Explore Research – Students are presented with current research and examples from around the world.
  • Support Instructors – All supplements were developed around the textbook’s carefully constructed learning objectives.

Child Development: A Cultural Approach, covers prenatal development through adolescence and emerging adulthood and is available in hardcover, paperback, and à la Carte versions. It is also available in an abridged paperback version, Child Development through Middle Childhood .

Click here to view a sample chapter!

020594972X / 9780205949724 Child Development Plus New MyDevelopmentLab with eText

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0205841074 / 9780205841073 Child Development: A Cultural Approach

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Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
Product dimensions:
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Table of Contents

In this Section:
1) Brief Table of Contents

2) Full Table of Contents


Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Child Development

Chapter 2: Genetics and Prenatal Development

Chapter 3: Birth and the Newborn Child

Chapter 4: Infancy

Chapter 5: Toddlerhood

Chapter 6: Early Childhood

Chapter 7: Middle Childhood


Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Child Development


Humanity Today: A Demographic Profile

Variations Across Countries

Variations Within Countries

The Origins of Human Diversity

Evolution and the Birth of Culture

Human Evolution and Human Development Today

Section 2: theories of Human Development

Classic Theories

Psychodynamic Theories

Behaviorism and Learning Theories

Constructivist Theories

Recent Theories

Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory

A Stage Model for This Book

Section 3: How We Study Human Development

The Scientific Study of Human Development

The Five Steps of the Scientific Method

Ethics in Human Development Research

Methods and Designs in Research

Research Methods

Research Designs

Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Incredible India!

HISTORICAL FOCUS: Ancient Conceptions of Human Development

RESEARCH FOCUS: Darwin’s Diary

Chapter 2: Genetics and Prenatal Development


Genetic Basics

Genotype and Phenotype

The Sex Chromosomes

Genes and Environment in Human Development

Principles of Behavior Genetics

Gene—Environment Interactions: Epigenesis and Reaction Ranges

The Theory of Genotype ® Environment Effects

Genes and Individual Development

Sperm and Egg Formation



Prenatal Development

The Germinal Period (First 2 Weeks)

The Embryonic Period (Weeks 3—8)

The Fetal Period (Week 9—Birth)

Prenatal Care

Prenatal Care in Traditional Cultures

Scientifically Based Prenatal Care



Risks in the Prenatal Period

Chromosomal Disorders

Prenatal Diagnosis

Infertility and Reproductive Technologies

Causes of Infertility

Infertility Treatments

Infertility Worldwide

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Oskar and Jack: A Story of Genes, Environments, and Cultures

Historical Focus: How Are Babies Made?

RESEARCH FOCUS: The Human Genome Project

Chapter 3: Birth and the Newborn Child

Section 1: Birth and its Cultural Context

The Birth Process

Stages of the Birth Process

Birth Complications

Cultural and Historical Variations in Birth Beliefs and Practices

Variations in Birth Beliefs

Variations in Birth Practices

Variations on Birth in the West

Cultural Variations in Neonatal and Maternal Mortality

Section 2: The Neonate

The Neonate’s Health

Measuring Neonatal Health

Low Birth Weight

Physical Functioning of the Neonate

Neonatal Sleeping Patterns

Neonatal Reflexes

Neonatal Senses

Section 3: Caring for the Neonate

Nutrition: Is Breast Best?

Evolutionary and Historical Perspectives on Breast Feeding

Benefits of Breast Feeding

Social and Emotional Aspects of Neonatal Care

Crying and Soothing

Bonding: Myth and Truth

Postpartum Depression

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Easing Birth Among the Cuna Indians

Historical Focus: The Tragic History of Doctor-Assisted Births in the 19th Century

Research Focus: How Much Does Breast Feeding Matter?

Chapter 4: Infancy

Section 1: Physical Development

Growth and Change in Infancy

Bodily Growth

Brain Development

Sleep Changes

Infant Health

Nutritional Needs

Infant Mortality

Baby on the Move: Motor and Sensory Development

Motor Development

Sensory Development

Section 2: Cognitive Development

Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage

The Sensorimotor Substages

Object Permanence

Evaluating Piaget’s Sensorimotor Theory

Information Processing in Infancy



Assessing Infant Development

Approaches to Assessing Development

Can Media Enhance Cognitive Development? The Myth of “Baby Einstein”

The Beginnings of Language

First Sounds and Words

Infant-Directed (ID) Speech

Section 3: Emotional and Social Development


Conceptualizing Temperament: Three Approaches


Infants’ Emotions

Primary Emotions

Infants’ Emotional Perceptions

The Social World of the Infant

Cultural Themes of Infant Social Life

The Foundation of Social Development: Two Theories

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Infant Care in Rural Turkey

Historical Focus: Protecting Infants the Puritan Way

Research Focus: Measuring Temperament

Chapter 5: Toddlerhood

Section 1: physical development

Growth and Change in Years 2 and 3

Bodily Growth

Brain Development

Sleep and (More) Teething

Motor Development

Socializing Physical Functions: Toilet Training and Weaning

Toilet Training


Section 2: cognitive development

Cognitive Development Theories

Cognitive Development in Toddlerhood: Piaget’s Theory

Vygotsky’s Cultural Theory of Cognitive Development

Language Development

The Biological and Evolutionary Bases of Language

Milestones of Toddler Language: From First Words to Fluency

Learning Language in a Social and Cultural Context

Section 3: emotional and social development

Emotional Development in Toddlerhood

Toddlers’ Emotions

The Birth of the Self

Gender Identity and the Biology of Gender Development

One Special Person: Attachment Theory and Research

Attachment Theory

Quality of Attachment

Critiques of Attachment Theory

The Social World of the Toddler

The Role of Fathers

The Wider Social World: Siblings, Peers, and Friends

Autistic Spectrum Disorders: A Disruption in Social Development

Media Use in Toddlerhood

Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Toddlerhood in Aboriginal Australia

Historical Focus: The History of Toilet Training

RESEARCH FOCUS: Early Child Care and Its Consequences

Chapter 6: Early Childhood


Growth from Age 3 to 6

Bodily Growth

Brain Development and “Infantile” Amnesia

Health and Safety in Early Childhood

Motor Development

Gross and Fine Motor Skills



Theories of Cognitive Development

Piaget’s Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development

Understanding Thinking: The Development of “Theory of Mind”

Cultural Learning in Early Childhood

Early Childhood Education

The Importance of Preschool Quality

Cross-National Variations

Preschool as a Cognitive Intervention

Language Development

Advances in Vocabulary and Grammar

Pragmatics: Social and Cultural Rules of Language


Emotional Regulation and Gender Socialization

Emotional Regulation

Moral Development

Gender Development


Parenting “Styles”

Parenting in Other Cultures

Discipline and Punishment

The Child’s Expanding Social World

Siblings and “Only Children”

Peers and Friends

Media Use in Early Childhood

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Shyness in China and Canada

Historical Focus: Beat a Child, Save a Soul

Research Focus: The Montessori Preschool Program

Chapter 7: Middle Childhood

Section 1: physical development

Growth in Middle Childhood

Physical Growth and Sensory Development

Nutrition and Malnutrition

Illness and Injuries

Motor Development

Gross Motor Development Fine

Motor Development

Section 2: cognitive development

Theories of Cognitive Development

Concrete Operations

Information Processing

Intelligence and Intelligence Tests

Learning the Cognitive Skills of School: Reading and Mathematics

Language Development

Vocabulary, Grammar, and Pragmatics


School in Middle Childhood

Cultural Variations in School Experiences

Learning the Cognitive Skills of School: Reading and Mathematics

Section 3: emotional and social development

Emotional and Self-Development

Smooth Sailing: Advances in Emotional Self-Regulation


Gender Development

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Middle Childhood

Family Relations

Friends and Peers


Media Use

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: School Socialization in Guatemala

Historical Focus: Work Among British Children in the 19th Century

Research Focus: TV or Not TV

Cultural Focus: The Young Men of Truk Island

Historical Focus: Gender and Cognitive Development in Emerging Adulthood

RESEARCH FOCUS: Graduated Driver Licensing


Practice Tests Answer Key




Name Index

Subject Index

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