Confronting the Odds: African American Entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio / Edition 2

Confronting the Odds: African American Entrepreneurship in Cleveland, Ohio / Edition 2

by Bessie House-Soremekun
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1606350064

ISBN-13: 2901606350064

Pub. Date: 09/25/2009

Publisher: Kent State University Press

Confronting the Odds documents life histories of business owners, compares African American male and female business owners, and offers insights into why some businesses succeed and others fail. Author Bessie House-Soremekun's statistical analysis of the factors that contributed to the success of African American businesses in Cleveland is supported by extensive

Overview

Confronting the Odds documents life histories of business owners, compares African American male and female business owners, and offers insights into why some businesses succeed and others fail. Author Bessie House-Soremekun's statistical analysis of the factors that contributed to the success of African American businesses in Cleveland is supported by extensive research, and her policy recommendations about how entrepreneurship could be stimulated through public and private programs are thought provoking.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2901606350064
Publisher:
Kent State University Press
Publication date:
09/25/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
250

Table of Contents

Foreword Reverend Jesse L. Jackson, Sr ix

A Tribute to the Late Congresswoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones xiii

Note George C. Fraser xv

Acknowledgments xix

Introduction xxiii

1 African American Entrepreneurship at the National Level 1

2 The Historical Development of the African American Community in Cleveland and the Black-Owned Business Sector, 1795-1895 13

3 Black Business Development in Cleveland, 1895-1960 19

4 Black Economic and Political Development in the Contemporary Period, 1960-2008 50

5 The Contemporary Condition of Black-Owned Businesses in Cleveland 80

6 The Continuum of Black Business Success: Why Some Firms Succeed While Others Fail 93

7 Biographical Sketches of African American Entrepreneurs 105

8 Conclusions and Public Policy Recommendations 169

Appendix A Methodology for Chapter 5 187

Appendix B Research Design, Methodology, and Operationalization of Variables for Chapter 6 188

Appendix C Additional Letters Regarding Garrett Morgan and the Lake Erie Tunnel Disaster 199

Notes 211

Selected Bibliography 226

Index 236

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