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Realism's Empire: Empiricism and Enchantment in the Nineteenth-Century Novel
     

Realism's Empire: Empiricism and Enchantment in the Nineteenth-Century Novel

by Geoffrey Baker
 

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If realist novels are the literary avatars of secular science and rational progress, then why are so many canonical realist works organized around a fear of that progress? Realism is openly indebted, at the level of form and content, to imperialist and scientific advances. However, critical emphasis on this has obscured the extent to which major novelists of the

Overview

If realist novels are the literary avatars of secular science and rational progress, then why are so many canonical realist works organized around a fear of that progress? Realism is openly indebted, at the level of form and content, to imperialist and scientific advances. However, critical emphasis on this has obscured the extent to which major novelists of the period openly worried about the fate of mystery and the dissolution of tradition that accompanied science’s shrinking of the world. Realism’s modernization is inseparable from nostalgia.
 
In Realism’s Empire: Empiricism and Enchantment in the Nineteenth-Century Novel, Geoffrey Baker demonstrates that realist fiction’s stance toward both progress and the foreign or supernatural is much more complex than established scholarship has assumed. The work of Honoré de Balzac, Anthony Trollope, and Theodor Fontane explicitly laments the loss of mystery in the world due to increased knowledge and exploration. To counter this loss and to generate the complications required for narrative, these three authors import peripheral, usually colonial figures into the metropolitan centers they otherwise depict as disenchanted and rationalized: Paris, London, and Berlin. Baker’s book examines the consequences of this duel for realist narrative and readers’ understandings of its historical moment. In so doing, Baker shows Balzac, Trollope, and Fontane grappling with new realities that frustrate their inherited means of representation and oversee a significant shift in the development of the novel.
 
 

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Realism's Empire is a highly cohesive study. While many critics have written on the tension between romanticism and realism in nineteenth-century fiction, Baker's approach grounds this tension historically and provides a systematic framework that accommodates many of its parameters.”—Gail Finney, professor of comparative literature and German, the University of California, Davis
 
 

“In engaging with questions important to critics and theorists of postcolonialism, Geoffrey Baker offers a valuable argument for scholars reexamining the Western Canon in light of contemporary concerns about globalization. Baker's scholarship is extensive, comprehensive, and impressive. He admirably synthesizes key theoretical and historical concepts to forge an original way of thinking about the interactions of foreign and native in several canonical fictions of the Western tradition.” —Carol Colatrella, professor in the School of Literature, Communication and Culture, Georgia Institute of Technology

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814210987
Publisher:
Ohio State University Press
Publication date:
08/22/2009
Edition description:
2
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

Meet the Author

Geoffrey Baker is assistant professor of comparative and British literature at California State University, Chico.

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