The Lives of the Brain: Human Evolution and the Organ of Mind

The Lives of the Brain: Human Evolution and the Organ of Mind

by John S. Allen
     
 

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Though we have other distinguishing characteristics (walking on two legs, for instance, and relative hairlessness), the brain and the behavior it produces are what truly set us apart from the other apes and primates. And how this three-pound organ composed of water, fat, and protein turned a mammal species into the dominant animal on earth today is the story John S

Overview

Though we have other distinguishing characteristics (walking on two legs, for instance, and relative hairlessness), the brain and the behavior it produces are what truly set us apart from the other apes and primates. And how this three-pound organ composed of water, fat, and protein turned a mammal species into the dominant animal on earth today is the story John S. Allen seeks to tell.

Adopting what he calls a “bottom-up” approach to the evolution of human behavior, Allen considers the brain as a biological organ; a collection of genes, cells, and tissues that grows, eats, and ages, and is subject to the direct effects of natural selection and the phylogenetic constraints of its ancestry. An exploration of the evolution of this critical organ based on recent work in paleo­anthropology, brain anatomy and neuroimaging, molecular genetics, life history theory, and related fields, his book shows us the brain as a product of the contexts in which it evolved: phylogenetic, somatic, genetic, ecological, demographic, and ultimately, cultural-linguistic. Throughout, Allen focuses on the foundations of brain evolution rather than the evolution of behavior or cognition. This perspective demonstrates how, just as some aspects of our behavior emerge in unexpected ways from the development of certain cognitive capacities, a more nuanced understanding of behavioral evolution might develop from a clearer picture of brain evolution.

Editorial Reviews

marginalrevolution.com

A very good introduction to recent research on cognition, especially cognition and language. An antidote to many things you have read in Pinker.
— Tyler Cowen

Journal of Clinical Investigation

The scope and scholarship of this book is impressive...There is much to learn, even by the experienced investigator, from reading this book, which is also a treat for any science-loving reader.
— Jon H. Kaas

Metapsychology

Allen's book is comprised of ten chapters that collectively fulfill the promise of the introductory chapter to provide the reader with an in-depth exploration of the current knowledge of the brain...Anyone who wanted to philosophize about mind should first spend a year studying the brain in a hands-on laboratory setting. If doing so is not possible then reading Allen's book is a good substitute...The Lives of the Brain provides the reader with a comprehensive picture of the state of the knowledge of brain evolution at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
— Bob Lane

Choice

Allen, a neuroanatomist and anthropologist, has provided a lucidly comprehensive intellectual account of the human brain's developmental processes.
— J. N. Muzio

Times Literary Supplement

In The Lives of the Brain, John S. Allen explores the many influences that anatomy, molecular biology, aging, development and culture have on the evolution and functional organization of the human brain. He provides the perspective and foundation to start thinking about brain evolution in a more sophisticated, multidimensional fashion.
— Asif A. Ghazanfar

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

The Lives of the Brain is a wonderfully engaging book. Because of its wide scope, even experts in the field are certain to make new discoveries in its pages. Because it is written in a style that is accessible and does not presuppose a specialized background in neuroscience, it will also serve as an excellent entry point for the uninitiated reader who is interested in knowing more about the human brain and its evolutionary history.
— Chet C. Sherwood

American Journal of Human Biology

Allen does a remarkable job in providing an insightful and a timely synthesis of current knowledge about brain evolution...He successfully highlights the controversies that surround the "big" issue of human brain evolution and manages to integrate findings across different levels and from various fields. The style of writing is clear and the book makes a comprehensible reading for anyone with an interest in brain evolution.
— Lambros Malafouris

Antonio Damasio
An extremely valuable addition to a topic which has attracted such attention and passionate debate. As both an anthropologist and a neuroanatomist, when Allen writes about the human brain he knows what he is writing about.
Ralph L. Holloway
Let me be short and sweet: this is a terrific book. There wasn't a chapter I didn't enjoy reading, or from which I did not learn something new. John Allen provides a fine, wide, and comprehensive sweep of all of the areas that concern a more thorough understanding of human brain evolution.
Katerina Semendeferi
An indispensable overview of the study of human brain evolution.
marginalrevolution.com - Tyler Cowen
A very good introduction to recent research on cognition, especially cognition and language. An antidote to many things you have read in Pinker.
Journal of Clinical Investigation - Jon H. Kaas
The scope and scholarship of this book is impressive...There is much to learn, even by the experienced investigator, from reading this book, which is also a treat for any science-loving reader.
Metapsychology - Bob Lane
Allen's book is comprised of ten chapters that collectively fulfill the promise of the introductory chapter to provide the reader with an in-depth exploration of the current knowledge of the brain...Anyone who wanted to philosophize about mind should first spend a year studying the brain in a hands-on laboratory setting. If doing so is not possible then reading Allen's book is a good substitute...The Lives of the Brain provides the reader with a comprehensive picture of the state of the knowledge of brain evolution at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Choice - J. N. Muzio
Allen, a neuroanatomist and anthropologist, has provided a lucidly comprehensive intellectual account of the human brain's developmental processes.
Times Literary Supplement - Asif A. Ghazanfar
In The Lives of the Brain, John S. Allen explores the many influences that anatomy, molecular biology, aging, development and culture have on the evolution and functional organization of the human brain. He provides the perspective and foundation to start thinking about brain evolution in a more sophisticated, multidimensional fashion.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology - Chet C. Sherwood
The Lives of the Brain is a wonderfully engaging book. Because of its wide scope, even experts in the field are certain to make new discoveries in its pages. Because it is written in a style that is accessible and does not presuppose a specialized background in neuroscience, it will also serve as an excellent entry point for the uninitiated reader who is interested in knowing more about the human brain and its evolutionary history.
American Journal of Human Biology - Lambros Malafouris
Allen does a remarkable job in providing an insightful and a timely synthesis of current knowledge about brain evolution...He successfully highlights the controversies that surround the "big" issue of human brain evolution and manages to integrate findings across different levels and from various fields. The style of writing is clear and the book makes a comprehensible reading for anyone with an interest in brain evolution.
Library Journal
Awesome. Bewildering. Complex. Enigmatic. This is the human brain. So how might a scientist reach beyond this organ to discover its evolutionary path? Most paleontological and anthropological investigations are complex, but imagine the following obstacles to discovery: brains don't fossilize, there is significant variation in the size of brains, and the brain's plasticity allows it to adapt to significant behavioral changes. Undaunted by the obstacles, neuroscientist Allen (Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Ctr. and the Brain and Creativity Inst., Univ. of Southern California) pieces together the puzzle of brain evolution. No stone is left unturned as Allen mines such fields as paleontology, anthropology, comparative anatomy and physiology, and the cognitive sciences. Allen's contribution is his interdisciplinary melding of theories, disclosing their strengths and weaknesses while squeezing them for evidence on brain evolution. VERDICT Allen provides some context to his discussions on such complicated topics as neuroanatomy and genetics, but there is an expectation that readers have the specialized vocabularies he draws upon. Still, his material on brain evolution is fascinating; thus this may also appeal to educated general readers interested in neuroscience, human evolution, anthropology, and human anatomy.—Scott Vieira, Johnson Cty. Lib., KS

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674064058
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
04/02/2012
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
5.80(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

What People are saying about this

An indispensable overview of the study of human brain evolution.

Antonio Damasio
An extremely valuable addition to a topic which has attracted such attention and passionate debate. As both an anthropologist and a neuroanatomist, when Allen writes about the human brain he knows what he is writing about.

Antonio Damasio, author of Descartes' Error, Looking for Spinoza, and The Feeling of What Happens

Katerina Semendeferi
An indispensable overview of the study of human brain evolution.

Katerina Semendeferi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of California-San Diego

Ralph L. Holloway
Let me be short and sweet: this is a terrific book. There wasn't a chapter I didn't enjoy reading, or from which I did not learn something new. John Allen provides a fine, wide, and comprehensive sweep of all of the areas that concern a more thorough understanding of human brain evolution.
Ralph L. Holloway, Professor of Anthropology, Columbia University

Meet the Author

John S. Allen is Research Scientist at Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Center and the Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California.

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