Preface: How to Use This Book.
I. TEACHERS, TEACHING AND EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY.
1. Educational Psychology for Teachers.
II. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT AND LANGUAGE.
2. Development: Some General Principles.
3. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development.
4. Vygotsky's Sociocultural Perspective.
5. Implications of Piaget and Vygotsky for Teachers.
III. PERSONAL, SOCIAL AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT.
6. Understanding Ourselves and Others.
7. Socialization: Family, Peers, and Teachers.
8. Moral Development.
IV. LEARNER DIFFERENCES AND LEARNING NEEDS.
9. Individual Differences: Intelligence, Cognitive Processing, and Learning Styles.
10. Integration and Inclusion: Teaching Every Child.
11. Ability Differences and Teaching.
V. CULTURE AND COMMUNITY.
12. Diversity in Today's Classrooms.
13. Girls and Boys: Differences in the Classroom.
14. Creating Culturally Compatible Classrooms.
VI. BEHAVIORAL VIEWS OF LEARNING.
15. Behavioral Explanations of Learning: Contiguity, Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning.
16. Applied Behavior Analysis.
17. Observational Learning and Cognitive Behavior Modification.
VII. COGNITIVE VIEWS OF LEARNING.
18. Elements of the Cognitive Perspective: Information Processing.
19. Long-Term Memory: The Goal of Teaching.
20. Cognition and Metacognition.
VIII. COMPLEX COGNITIVE PROCESSES.
21. Learning and Teaching About Concepts.
22. Problem Solving and Creativity.
23. Teaching for Transfer.
IX. SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND CONSTRUCTIVIST VIEWS OF LEARNING.
24. Social Learning and Social Cognitive Theories.
25. Cognitive and Social Constructivism.
26. Applications of Constructivist and Situated Perspectives on Learning.
X. MOTIVATION IN LEARNING AND TEACHING.
27. Motivation: A Definition and Four General Approaches.
28. Needs, Goals, Interests and Emotions.
29. Beliefs and Self-Schemas.
30. Motivation to Learn in School.
XI. Engaged Learning: Cooperation and Communication.
31. Social Processes and Cooperation.
32. Creativity and Community.
XII. CREATING LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS.
33. Creating a Positive Learning Environment.
34. Maintaining a Good Environment for Learning.
35. The Need for Communication.
XIII. TEACHING FOR ACADEMIC LEARNING.
36. The First Step: Planning.
37. VTeacher-Directed Instruction.
38. Student-Centered Teaching in Content Areas and Inclusive Classrooms.
XIV. EVALUATION, MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT.
39. Definitions and Concepts.
40. Standardized Tests.
41. Issues and New Directions in Standardized Testing.
42. Getting the Most from Traditional Classroom Assessment Approaches: Testing and Grading.
43. Innovations in Classroom Assessment.
Appendix I: Becoming a Professional: Passing the PRAXIS(tm), Insights About Job Interview Questions, Creating Your Teaching Portfolio, Enhancing Your Expertise With Technology.
Appendix II: Standards and Licensure: PRAXIS II(tm) and INTASC.
Appendix III: Technology Resources for Active Learning Connections