Sickness and Wealth: The Corporate Assault on Global Healthby Meredith Fort, Mary Ann Mercer, Oscar Gish, Steve Gloyd
Pub. Date: 06/01/2004
Publisher: South End Press
In this powerful and accessible collection of new essays, international scholars and activists examine how official and corporate actors of globalization-including multinationals, the IMF and World Bank, the World Trade Organization, and "first world" governments-have enacted policies that limit medical access and promote disease and death for many in the poor
In this powerful and accessible collection of new essays, international scholars and activists examine how official and corporate actors of globalization-including multinationals, the IMF and World Bank, the World Trade Organization, and "first world" governments-have enacted policies that limit medical access and promote disease and death for many in the poor world. The contributors to Sickness and Wealth provide a history of health and "development" strategies; reveal the grim health consequences of these policies throughout the world; and highlight the work of activists and organizations currently working for improved global health.
Edited by affiliates of Health Alliance International, which is based at the University of Washington in Seattle, Sickness and Wealth features lucid explanations on this pressing topic, as well as instructive graphics and strong photography.
Sickness and Wealth provides a history and context for health and development strategies; shows how profit-driven "development" policies are being exported to countries throughout the world; and reveals the actual health consequences of profit-driven policies, and highlights the work of several social movements currently confronting globalization and working toward improved health.
Authors include Vandana Shiva, revealing the effects of industrial agriculture on poor people’s health; Patrick Bond, exposing the political roots of South Africa’s cholera epidemic; Evelyne Hong, exploring the role of international agencies and corporations in health care; Seiji Yamada, documenting how militarism and war produce disease; and several writers describing how the struggle for people’s health is, itself, becoming globalized.
Contributors include: Stephen Bezruchka, Joseph Brenner, Patrick Bond, Alejandro Ceron, Abhijit Das, Paul Davis, Meredith Fort, Oscar Gish, Steve Gloyd, Tim Holtz, Evelyne Hong, Celia Iriart, Patrick Kachur, Mary Anne Mercer, Emerson Merhy, Ellen Shaffer, Vandana Shiva, Juan Carlos Verdugo, Howard Waitzkin, Seiji Yamada.
- South End Press
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- New Edition
- Product dimensions:
- 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.40(d)
Table of Contents
|Preface: Diagnosing Global Injustice||xiii|
|Introduction: Globalization and Health||1|
|Section 1||Brief History of Health and Development Strategies||9|
|Chapter 1||The Lethal Divide: How Economic Inequality Affects Health||11|
|Chapter 2||The Legacy of Colonial Medicine||19|
|Chapter 3||The Primary Health Care Movement Meets the Free Market||27|
|Chapter 4||Sapping the Poor: The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programs||43|
|Section 2||Expansion of the Neoliberal Model||55|
|Chapter 5||The Failures of Neoliberalism: Health Sector Reform in Guatemala||57|
|Chapter 6||HMO's Abroad: Managed Care in Latin America||69|
|Chapter 7||Trade and Health Care: Corporatizing Vital Human Services||79|
|Chapter 8||Militarism and the Social Production of Disease||95|
|Section 3||How Economic Globalization Policies Affect Health||105|
|Chapter 9||Stolen Harvest: The Hijacking of the Global Food Supply||107|
|Chapter 10||The Political Roots of South Africa's Cholera Epidemic||119|
|Chapter 11||The Reglobalization of Malaria||131|
|Chapter 12||The Battle Against Global AIDS||145|
|Section 4||Mobilizing for Health||159|
|Chapter 13||The Struggle for People's Health||161|
|Conclusion: Shall We Leave It to the Experts?||167|
|Glossary: Terms and Organizations||173|
|About South End Press||238|
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Even the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) now admit that divisions within and between nations are growing. Recent US studies show that greater inequality is linked to increased mortality rates, violent crime, poor educational outcomes, teenage pregnancies and obesity. The facts are familiar. But what to do? The editors of this collection of essays claim that we need ¿the establishment of people-centred solidarity networks across the world ¿ a global movement for health and social justice. ¿ By globalizing the struggle, we can all create a different world ¿¿ This is Trotsky¿s `permanent revolution¿, that you can¿t have a revolution unless everyone has one ¿ which equals, you can¿t have a revolution. Workers need to oppose these promoters of globalisation just as much as we need to oppose its more obvious agents like the IMF, the World Trade Organization and the European Union. The authors deplore `the extraction of human capital from Africa during the slave trade¿, but accept today¿s similar extraction of skilled labour. The Blair government, in true colonial fashion, strips developing countries of their skilled people, their most precious asset, robbing Zimbabwe for example of more than half its trained nurses. Countries should follow Cuba¿s example, where those trained in Cuba have to work either there or in a less developed country, and they take from no country which is short of doctors and nurses. Of the 21 contributors to this collection, 15 are American academics ¿ not one of whom identifies herself as a member of a trade union. These latter-day missionaries and do-gooders are telling the health workers of all nations not to make revolution in their own country but to become `global health activists¿. Health workers don¿t need `the establishment of people-centred solidarity networks across the world¿ or `a global movement for health and social justice¿. We need strong trade unions rooted in their working classes. Workers need to defend and develop national heath services, defend public planned health care, defend jobs and industries, and strengthen our trade unions. The Cuban people have vastly improved their health, not by `globalizing the struggle¿, but by making revolution in their own country.