Bottle Creek: A Pensacola Culture Site in South Alabama

Bottle Creek: A Pensacola Culture Site in South Alabama

by Ian W. Brown
     
 

ISBN-10: 0817312196

ISBN-13: 9780817312190

Pub. Date: 03/28/2003

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

Consisting of 18 earthen mounds and numerous additional habitation areas dating to A.D. 1250-1550, the Bottle Creek site was first professionally investigated in 1932 when David L. DeJarnette of the Alabama Museum of Natural History began work there to determine if the site had a cultural relationship with Moundville, connected to the north by a river system.

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Overview

Consisting of 18 earthen mounds and numerous additional habitation areas dating to A.D. 1250-1550, the Bottle Creek site was first professionally investigated in 1932 when David L. DeJarnette of the Alabama Museum of Natural History began work there to determine if the site had a cultural relationship with Moundville, connected to the north by a river system. Although partially mapped in the 1880s, Bottle Creek's location in the vast Mobile-Tensaw Delta of Baldwin County completely surrounded by swamp made it inaccessible and protected it from most of the plunder experienced by similar sites in the Southeast.

This volume builds on earlier investigations to present extensive recent data from major excavations conducted from 1991 to 1994 and supported in part by an NEH grant. Ten anthropologists examine various aspects of the site, including mound architecture, prehistoric diet, pottery classification, vessel forms, textiles used to make pottery impressions, a microlithic stone tool industry, water travel, the persistence of mound use into historic times, and the position of Bottle Creek in the protohistoric world.

The site is concluded to be the best remaining example of Pensacola culture, an archaeological variant of the widespread Mississippian tradition identified by a shell-tempered pottery complex and by its geographic association with the north-central coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Occupied for three centuries by a thriving native culture, Bottle Creek is an important remnant of North American peoples and as such is designated a National Historic Landmark. This published compilation of the research data should establish a base for future scholarly investigation and interpretation.

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780817312190
Publisher:
University of Alabama Press
Publication date:
03/28/2003
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
1Introduction to the Bottle Creek Site1
2Out of the Moundville Shadow: The Origin and Evolution of Pensacola Culture27
3A Proposed Construction Sequence of the Mound B Terrace at Bottle Creek63
4Historic Aboriginal Reuse of a Mississippian Mound, Mound L at Bottle Creek84
5Food Plant Remains from Excavations in Mounds A, B, C, D, and L at Bottle Creek103
6The Use of Plants in Mound-Related Activities at Bottle Creek and Moundville114
7Zooarchaeological Remains from Bottle Creek130
8A Functional Comparison of Pottery Vessel Shapes from Bottle Creek156
9The Bottle Creek Microlithic Industry168
10Matting and Pliable Fabrics from Bottle Creek180
11Water Travel and Mississippian Settlement at Bottle Creek194
12Concluding Thoughts on Bottle Creek and Its Position in the Mississippian World205
App. AArchaeological Phases Represented at the Bottle Creek Site227
App. BRadiocarbon Dates Secured at the Bottle Creek Site231
References Cited233
Contributors261
Index265

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