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Despite the supreme political and economic significance of boundaries—and ongoing challenges to existing national boundaries—scant attention has been paid to their ethics. This volume explores how diverse ethical traditions understand the political and property rights reflected in territorial and jurisdictional boundaries. It is the first book to bring together thinkers from a range of traditions, both religious and secular, to discuss the ethics of boundaries.
Each contributor represents a tradition's views on questions surrounding the use of boundaries to delimit property and political rights. What does it mean to own something? What resources should not be privately owned? What justifies the erection of political boundaries between one people and another? How ''hard'' should such boundaries be? What rights extend to minorities within a state? Should territorial boundaries coincide with social ones? Does national autonomy have an ethical basis, or is it an aspect of modern power politics? Should we aim for a more inclusive community than that afforded by modern nation-states? Cross-chapter dialogue and a substantive conclusion draw out similarities and differences among the traditions represented, traditions that include Christianity, classical liberalism, Confucianism, international law, Islam, Judaism, liberal egalitarianism, and natural law.
In addition to the editors, the contributors are Nigel Biggar, Joseph Boyle, Joseph Chan, Russell Hardin, Will Kymlicka, Loren Lomasky, Robert McCorquodale, Richard B. Miller, David Novak, Sulayman Nyang, Michael Nylan, Raul C. Pangalangan, Daniel Philpott, Jeremy Rabkin, Hillel Steiner, M. Raquibuz Zaman, and Noam J. Zohar.
Introduction by David Miller and Sohail H. Hashmi 3
Chapter One: Christian Attitudes toward Boundaries: Metaphysical and Geographical by Richard B. Miller 15
Chapter Two: The Value of Limited Loyalty: Christianity, the Nation, and Territorial Boundaries by Nigel Biggar 38
Chapter Three: Toward a Liberal Theory of National Boundaries by Loren Lomasky 55
Chapter Four: Hard Borders, Compensation, and Classical Liberalism by Hillel Steiner 79
Chapter Five: Territorial Boundaries and Confucianism by Joseph Chan 89
Chapter Six: Boundaries of the Body and Body Politic in Early Confucian Thought by Michael Nylan 112
Chapter Seven: International Law, Boundaries, and Imagination by Robert McCorquodale 136
Chapter Eight: Territorial Sovereignty: Command, Title, and the Expanding Claims of the Commons by Raul C. Pangalangan 164
Chapter Nine: Islamic Perspectives on Territorial Boundaries and Autonomy by M. Raquibuz Zaman 183
Chapter Ten: Religion and the Maintenance of Boundaries: An Islamic View by Sulayman Nyang 203
Chapter Eleven: Land and People: One Jewish Perspective by David Novak 213
Chapter Twelve: Contested Boundaries: Judaic Visions of a Shared World by Noam J. Zohar 237
Chapter Thirteen: Territorial Boundaries: A Liberal Egalitarian Perspective by Will Kymlicka 249
Chapter Fourteen: Group Boundaries, Individual Barriers by Russell Hardin 276
Chapter Fifteen: Boundaries, Ownership, and Autonomy: A Natural Law Perspective by Joseph Boyle 296
Chapter Sixteen: In Defense of Reasonable Lines: Natural Law from a Natural Rights Perspective by Jeremy Rabkin 317
Chapter Seventeen: The Ethics of Boundaries: A Question of Partial Commitments by Daniel Philpott 335