Brain-Computer Interfaces: An international assessment of research and development trends / Edition 1

Brain-Computer Interfaces: An international assessment of research and development trends / Edition 1

by Theodore W. Berger, John K. Chapin, Greg A. Gerhardt, Dennis J. McFarland
     
 

Brain-computer interface (BCI) research deals with establishing communication pathways between the brain and external devices where such pathways do not otherwise exist. Throughout the world, such research is surprisingly extensive and expanding. BCI research is rapidly approaching a level of first-generation medical practice for use by individuals whose neural

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Overview

Brain-computer interface (BCI) research deals with establishing communication pathways between the brain and external devices where such pathways do not otherwise exist. Throughout the world, such research is surprisingly extensive and expanding. BCI research is rapidly approaching a level of first-generation medical practice for use by individuals whose neural pathways are damaged, and use of BCI technologies is accelerating rapidly in nonmedical arenas of commerce as well, particularly in the gaming, automotive, and robotics industries. The technologies used for BCI purposes are cutting-edge, enabling, and synergistic in many interrelated arenas, including signal processing, neural tissue engineering, multiscale modeling, systems integration, and robotics.

This WTEC study gathered information on worldwide status and trends in BCI research to disseminate to government decisionmakers and the research community. The study reviewed and assessed the state of the art in sensor technology, the biotic-abiotic interface and biocompatibility, data analysis and modeling, hardware implementation, systems engineering, functional electrical stimulation, noninvasive communication systems, and cognitive and emotional neuroprostheses in academic research and industry. The study also compared the distinctly different foci, range, and investment levels of BCI research programs in the United States, Canada, China, Europe, and Japan.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402087042
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
09/19/2008
Edition description:
2008
Pages:
281
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword, Preface, List of Figures, List of Tables, Executive Summary
1. Introduction. Theodore W. Berger: Background and Scope, Methodology, Overview of the Report
2. Sensor Technology. Greg A. Gerhardt and Patrick A. Tresco: Introduction, BCI Sensor World Overview, Major Types of Sensors for BCI Technology, Major Challenges for Producing BCI Sensors, Summary and Conclusions, References
3. The Biotic-Abiotic Interface. Patrick A. Tresco and Greg A. Gerhardt: Introduction, BCI Abiotic-Biotic Interface World Overview, Strategies under Development to Improve Electrode Performance, Summary and Conclusions, References
4. BMI/BCI Modeling and Signal Processing. José C. Principe and Dennis J. McFarland: Introduction, Multimicroelectrode Array Techniques, EEG/ECoG Recordings, Summary and Conclusions, References
5. Hardware Implementation. John K. Chapin: Introduction: Restoring Movement in Paralysis Patients, Different Approaches to BCI Research Worldwide, Original Feasibility Demonstrations for Brain-Controlled Robotics, Brain Control of Multiple-Output Functions, Biomimetic Robot Research at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, References
6. Functional Electrical Stimulation and Rehabilitation Applications of BCIs. Dawn M. Taylor: Overview of Functional Electrical Stimulation, FES Applications of BCI Technology Around the World, How Different Types of BCI Command Signals can be Applied to FES, Application Areas of BCI-controlled FES Systems, Practical Considerations, References
7. Noninvasive Communication Systems. Dennis J. McFarland: Introduction, Slow Cortical Potentials, Steady-State Evoked Potentials, Online Evaluations, Prospects for Practical BCI Communication Systems, Summary and Conclusions, References
8. Cognitive and Emotional Neuroprostheses. Walid V. Soussou and Theodore W. Berger: Introduction, Volitional Prostheses, Emotional Computers and Robots, Memory Prostheses, Neurofeedback, Summary and Conclusions, References
9. Research Organization-Funding, Translation-Commercialization, and Education-Training Issues. Theodore W. Berger: BCI Research Organization and Funding, Funding and Funding Mechanisms, Translation-Commercialization, Training-Education, References Appendix A. Biographies of Panelists and Delegation Members Appendix B. Site Reports—Europe Appendix C. Site Reports—Asia Appendix D. Glossary

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