Brain Imaging in Substance Abuse: Research, Clinical, and Forensic Applications / Edition 1

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Overview

Highly experienced clinical researchers from diverse fields describe in detail the use of electroencephalography, emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and neuropsychology to study the neural effects of substance abuse. They extensively review research findings these powerful methods have yielded. The authors detail the effects of drugs, including alcohol, benzodiazepines, marijuana, opiates, cocaine, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and solvents on brain electrical activity, metabolism, hemodynamics, receptor and neurotransmitter levels, neurochemistry, and structure. The striking findings they report emerge from more than 1350 articles in some 320 journals, and are organized by method, abused substance, and drug use state. Comprehensive and readily accessible, Brain Imaging in Substance Abuse: Research, Clinical, and Forensic Applications offers psychiatrists, radiologists, neurologists, pharmacologists, physiologists, substance abuse specialists, and legal professionals a broad yet thoroughly integrated understanding of the methods and results obtained with clinical neuroimaging studies of substance abuse today.

The book contains predominantly black-and-white illustrations, with some color illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Sean Bryant, MD (University of Colorado Health Sciences Center)
Description: Literature is reviewed about current brain imaging modalities and their integration to study substance abuse. Use of these techniques in a legal context is also addressed.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a nexus on substance abuse brain imaging for a diverse audience. It is the author's hope that an increased understanding of the deleterious effects of substance abuse on the brain will be fostered by integration of these techniques. The text addresses a focused but provocative subject that is useful for a selected audience.
Audience: This book is directed to a broad audience, including clinical researchers, physicians, forensic experts, and lawyers. The format and information is most applicable to neuroscience researchers and subspecialists investigating substance abuse. The author is an expert in the field, with an appointment from Harvard medical school.
Features: A brief technical foundation, as well as the utility of current, relevant imaging modalities (electro-encephalography, PET, SPECT, and MRI), is explained. A section is dedicated to the relationship of neuroimaging findings to behavior in substance abuse patients. An intriguing chapter discusses the legal context of using these techniques in court. The exhaustive bibliography on substance abuse research is provided as a reference, useful for future clinical investigation. Listing of the figures and tables as a separate table of contents is helpful. The glossary is appropriate for the audience and essential to comprehending the material.
Assessment: This is a robust text for the investigation of neuroimaging applications in substance abuse research. Explanation of the basic technical details for mainstream neuroimaging modalities are clearly written. Use as a didactic reference for clinicians or laypersons is limited.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Sean Bryant, MD(University of Colorado Health Sciences Center)
Description: Literature is reviewed about current brain imaging modalities and their integration to study substance abuse. Use of these techniques in a legal context is also addressed.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a nexus on substance abuse brain imaging for a diverse audience. It is the author's hope that an increased understanding of the deleterious effects of substance abuse on the brain will be fostered by integration of these techniques. The text addresses a focused but provocative subject that is useful for a selected audience.
Audience: This book is directed to a broad audience, including clinical researchers, physicians, forensic experts, and lawyers. The format and information is most applicable to neuroscience researchers and subspecialists investigating substance abuse. The author is an expert in the field, with an appointment from Harvard medical school.
Features: A brief technical foundation, as well as the utility of current, relevant imaging modalities (electro-encephalography, PET, SPECT, and MRI), is explained. A section is dedicated to the relationship of neuroimaging findings to behavior in substance abuse patients. An intriguing chapter discusses the legal context of using these techniques in court. The exhaustive bibliography on substance abuse research is provided as a reference, useful for future clinical investigation. Listing of the figures and tables as a separate table of contents is helpful. The glossary is appropriate for the audience and essential to comprehending the material.
Assessment: This is a robust text for the investigation of neuroimaging applications in substance abuse research. Explanation of the basic technical details for mainstream neuroimaging modalities are clearly written. Use as a didactic reference for clinicians or laypersons is limited.
Sean Bryant
Literature is reviewed about current brain imaging modalities and their integration to study substance abuse. Use of these techniques in a legal context is also addressed. The purpose is to provide a nexus on substance abuse brain imaging for a diverse audience. It is the author's hope that an increased understanding of the deleterious effects of substance abuse on the brain will be fostered by integration of these techniques. The text addresses a focused but provocative subject that is useful for a selected audience. This book is directed to a broad audience, including clinical researchers, physicians, forensic experts, and lawyers. The format and information is most applicable to neuroscience researchers and subspecialists investigating substance abuse. The author is an expert in the field, with an appointment from Harvard medical school. A brief technical foundation, as well as the utility of current, relevant imaging modalities (electro-encephalography, PET, SPECT, and MRI), is explained. A section is dedicated to the relationship of neuroimaging findings to behavior in substance abuse patients. An intriguing chapter discusses the legal context of using these techniques in court. The exhaustive bibliography on substance abuse research is provided as a reference, useful for future clinical investigation. Listing of the figures and tables as a separate table of contents is helpful. The glossary is appropriate for the audience and essential to comprehending the material. This is a robust text for the investigation of neuroimaging applications in substance abuse research. Explanation of the basic technical details for mainstream neuroimaging modalities are clearly written. Use as adidactic reference for clinicians or laypersons is limited.
Booknews
In this text prepared for medical professionals as well as those in forensics and law, Kaufman (Harvard Medical School) has compiled studies on various aspects of the use of neuroimages for the study of substance abuse. The first six chapters provide the history and methods of electroencephalography, emission tomography, and magnetic resonance. Chapter seven describes neuropsychological assessment of the acute and chronic effects of eight abused substances<-->alcohol, marijuana, hallucinogens, benzodiazepines, opiates, cocaine, amphetamines and other stimulants, and solvents; and the final chapter discusses the use of neuroimages as legal evidence. The subject- arranged bibliography is extensive, occupying 130 pages. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780896037700
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
  • Publication date: 9/28/2000
  • Series: Forensic Science and Medicine Series
  • Edition description: 2001
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 425
  • Product dimensions: 7.35 (w) x 10.35 (h) x 1.09 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Contributors
Ch. 1 Electroencephalography, Topographic Mapping, and Event-Related Potentials in Substance Abuse Research 1
Ch. 2 Positron Emission Tomography and Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography: Methods and Applications in Substance Abuse Research 29
Ch. 3 Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance 47
Ch. 4 Electroencephalographic Studies of Substance Use and Abuse 77
Ch. 5 Emission Tomographic Studies in Substance Abuse 113
Ch. 6 Magnetic Resonance Findings in Substance Abuse 155
Ch. 7 Neuropsychological Correlates of Drug Abuse 199
Ch. 8 Neuroimages as Legal Evidence 231
Glossary 249
Bibliography of Research Studies in Substance Abuse 261
Index 399
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