Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience / Edition 1

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There have been no books published on neuroscience in the eighteenth century. Yet this was an important time, with science and medicine in transition. On the one hand, there were wildly speculative theories about the nervous system, many based on Newtonian mechanics and fanciful chemistry. But on the other, this was also a time when empirical research with quantification and experimentation was coming of age. This volume examines the eighteenth-century neuroscience milieu and looks at developments in anatomy, physiology, and medicine that highlight this era, which some people have called the Age of Reason and others the Enlightenment. The book covers such things as the aims of the scientific and medical Enlightenment, how neuroscience adopted electricity as the nerve force, how disorders such as aphasia and hysteria were treated, Mesmerism, and how some of the latest ideas made their way into the culture of the day.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780387709666
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 9/25/2007
  • Edition description: 2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 376
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Section A Introduction

Introduction Harry Whitaker C.U.M. Smith Stanley Finger 3

Chronology C.U.M. Smith 5

Section B Background

Introduction The Editors 13

1 Brain and Mind in the 'Long' Eighteenth Century C.U.M. Smith 15

2 Enlightening Neuroscience: Microscopes and Microscopy in the Eighteenth Century Brian J. Ford 29

3 Corpus Curricula: Medical Education and the Voluntary Hospital Movement Jonathan Reinarz 43

4 Some Thoughts on the Medical Milieu in the Last Quarter of the Eighteenth Century as Reflected in the Life and Activities of James Parkinson (1755-1824) Christopher Gardner-Thorpe 53

Section C The Nervous System

Introduction 63

5 John Hunter's Contributions to Neuroscience James L. Stone James T. Goodrich George R. Cybulski 67

6 William Cullen (1710-1790) and Robert Whytt (1714-1766) on the Nervous System Julius Rocca 85

7 1710: The Introduction of Experimental Nervous System Physiology and Anatomy by Francois Pourfour du Petit Lawrence Kruger Larry W. Swanson 99

8 Irritable Glue: The Haller-Whytt Controversy on the Mechanism of Muscle Contraction Eugenio Frixione 115

9 The Taming of the Electric Ray: From a Wonderful and Dreadful "Art" to "Animal Electricity" and "Electric Battery" Marco Piccolino 125

10 Luigi Galvani, Physician, Surgeon, Physicist: From Animal Electricity to Electro-Physiology Miriam Focaccia Raffaella Simili 145

Section D Brain and Behaviour

Introduction 161

11 The Vision of William Porterfield Nicholas J. Wade 163

12 David Hartley's Neural Vibrations and Psychological Associations Robert B. Glassman Hugh W. Buckingham 177

13 Charles Bonnet's Neurophilosophy Harry A. Whitaker Yves Turgeon191

14 Swedenborg and Localization Theory Ulf Norrsell 201

Section E Medical Theories and Applications

Introduction 211

15 Neuroscience in the Work of Boerhaave and Haller Peter J. Koehler 213

16 Apoplexy: Changing Concepts in the Eighteenth Century Catherine E. Storey 233

17 Benjamin Franklin and the Electrical Cure for Disorders of the Nervous System Stanley Finger 245

18 Gentleman's Magazine, the Advent of Medical Electricity, and Disorders of the Nervous System Hannah Sypher Locke Stanley Finger 257

19 Therapeutic Attractions: Early Applications of Electricity to the Art of Healing Paola Bertucci 271

20 John Wesley on the Estimation and Cure of Nervous Disorders James G. Donat 285

21 Franz Anton Mesmer and the Rise and Fall of Animal Magnetism: Dramatic Cures, Controversy, and Ultimately a Triumph for the Scientific Method Douglas J. Lanska Joseph T. Lanska 301

22 Hysteria in the Eighteenth Century Diana Faber 321

Section F Cultural Consequences

Introduction 333

23 Technological Metaphors and the Anatomy of Representations in Eighteenth-Century French Materialism and Dualist Mechanism Timo Kaitaro 335

24 Explorations of the Brain, Mind and Medicine in the Writings of Jonathan Swift Marjorie Perlman Lorch 345

25 Temperament and the Long Shadow of Nerves in the Eighteenth Century George Rousseau 353

Index 371

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