Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience / Edition 1

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There have been no books published on neuroscience in the eighteenth century. Yet this was an important time, with science and medicine in transition. On the one hand, there were wildly speculative theories about the nervous system, many based on Newtonian mechanics and fanciful chemistry. But on the other, this was also a time when empirical research with quantification and experimentation was coming of age.

This volume examines the eighteenth-century neuroscience milieu and looks at developments in anatomy, physiology, and medicine that highlight this era, which some people have called the Age of Reason and others the Enlightenment. The book covers such things as the aims of the scientific and medical Enlightenment, how neuroscience adopted electricity as the nerve force, how disorders such as aphasia and hysteria were treated, Mesmerism, and how some of the latest ideas made their way into the culture of the day.

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Editorial Reviews

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"An attempt at understanding questions of body and mind based on questions shaped by the philosophical premises of the time. … this volume provides a comprehensive set of works outlining major issues of the long 18th century and appears set to become an excellent reference book. … will have special appeal to anyone interested in the history of neuroscience, neurology, psychology, and medicine, as well as serving as a valuable resource for the contemporary neuroscientist and psychologist interested in the basis of current thinking." (Simon Boag, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. 53 (26), 2008)

"Brain, Mind, and Medicine is well written, nicely illustrated and has its uses. It will appeal to physicians and historians of the neurosciences, and may have some use within undergraduate teaching." (Stephen Casper, History of Psychiatry, Vol. 20 (1), 2009)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781441943682
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 11/4/2010
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 376
  • Product dimensions: 0.81 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 7.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction.- Chronology.- Background: Introduction.- Brain and Mind in the ‘Long’ 18th Century.- Enlightening Neuroscience: Microscopes and Microscopy n the Eighteen Century.- Corpus Curricula: Medical Education and the Voluntary Hospital Movement.- Some Thoughts on the Medical Milieu in the Last Quarter of the Eighteenth Century as Reflected in the Life and Activities of James Parkinson (1755-1824).- The Nervous System: Introduction.- John Hunter’s Contributions to Neuroscience.- Cullen and Whytt on the Nervous System.- 1710: The Introduction of Experimental Nervous System Physiology and Anatomy by François Pourfour du Petit.- Irritable Glue: The Haller-Whytt Controversy on the Mechanism of Muscle Contraction.- The Taming of the Electric Ray: From a Wonderful and Dreadful ‘Art’ to ‘Animal Electricity’ and Electric Battery.- Luigi Galvani, Physician, Surgeon, Physicist: From Animal Electricity to Electrophysiology.- Brain and Behavior: Introduction.- The Vision of William Porterfield – David Hartley’s Neural Vibrations and Psychological Associations.- Charles Bonnet’s Neurophilosophy.- Swedenborg and Localization Theory.- Medical Theories and Applications: Introduction.- Neuroscience in the Work of Boerhaave and Haller.- Apoplexy-Changing Concepts in the Eighteenth Century.- Benjamin Franklin and the Electrical Cure for Disorders of the Nervous System.- Gentleman’s Magazine, the Advent of Medical Electricity, and Disorders of the Nervous System.- Therapeutic Attractions: Early Applications of Electricity to the Art of Healing.- John Wesley on the Estimation and Cure of Nervous Disorders.- Franz Anton Mesmer and the Rise and Fall of Animal Magnetism: Dramatic Cures, Controversy, and Ultimately a Triumph for the Scientific Method.- Hysteria in the Eighteenth Century.- Cultural Consequences: Introduction.- Technological Metaphors and the Anatomy of Representations in Eighteenth Century French Materialism and Dualist Mechanism.- Explorations of the Brain, Mind and Medicine in the Writings of Jonathan Swift.- Temperament and the Long Shadow of Nerves in the Eigthteenth Century.- Index.

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