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Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians
     

Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians

by Edmund S. Higgins
 

Brain stimulation -- focally applying electricity to the brain -- is a field with a rapidly expanding and promising array of techniques, which already have proven efficacy in treating conditions ranging from Parkinson's disease to chronic and acute pain to depression. Comprehensively surveying the landscape of current practice, Brain Stimulation Therapies for

Overview

Brain stimulation -- focally applying electricity to the brain -- is a field with a rapidly expanding and promising array of techniques, which already have proven efficacy in treating conditions ranging from Parkinson's disease to chronic and acute pain to depression. Comprehensively surveying the landscape of current practice, Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians provides a clear and straightforward analysis of the many therapeutic applications, along with the technologies and techniques involved in each.

The book begins with a thoughtful, and occasionally macabre, history of electrical stimulation of the brain. The authors then provide an accessible and concise overview of electricity and its effects on the brain. The essence of the book, though, is its thorough exploration of the clinical applications of electrical stimulation. Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians covers the wide range of existing electrical stimulation therapies, including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), deep brain stimulation (DBS), and a host of other clinical applications. Each chapter examines a particular therapy, including its history, an overview of the techniques involved, its clinical indications, side effects, and a critical review of the literature surrounding its efficacy. Designed as an approachable and thorough reference for the practicing clinician, the book includes many features to assist in evaluating the variety of stimulation therapies. • The book as a whole is an excellent-quick start guide to help practitioners make informed choices about brain stimulation therapies. The background on the basics of electricity is useful for those not intimately familiar with these concepts. • A thorough glossary helps the clinician navigate the jargon and decode the alphabet soup surrounding current practice.• Clear and useful diagrams and schematics illustrate all essential points.• Interesting sidebars highlight fascinating and occasionally amusing potential applications of brain stimulation techniques -- and offer a glimpse into the sometimes grim history of human brain experimentation.• The authors' careful attention to evidence-based literature helps clinicians determine which techniques have proven efficacy and which claims are unsupported.• Each chapter features a comprehensive bibliography of references for further reading.

Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians is an essential reference for any clinician, or even potential patient, interested in understanding electrical stimulation as therapy.

Editorial Reviews

Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology

This is a book that has the potential to be helpful to a wide range of clinical who treat psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. But perhaps what is most valuble about this book is the fact that it offers medication management strategies that are based on the authors' experience are wisdom. With some effort and a good library, facts, studies and general knowledge are relatively easy to obtain. However, to be able have the equivalent of immediate supervision from these very experienced clinicians is truly a special contribution to this filed.

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Michael Joel Schrift, DO, MA (Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine)
Description: From the early application in Roman times of torpedo fish for the treatment of headaches to the use of implanted stimulating electrodes into deep centers of the brain for a variety of neurologic and psychiatric disorders, physicians have long attempted to use external electrical signals to modulate brain function. This outstanding book reviews, for clinicians, the modern use of brain electrical stimulation techniques. Written and edited by highly regarded clinician-scientists, this book is a welcome and useful addition to the neurology and psychiatry literature.
Purpose: The purpose, according to the authors, is to acquaint clinicians with the basic principles of electricity, the various stimulation methods, and their supposed mechanisms of action. The authors predict that these therapies are evolving rapidly for routine clinical use and that just as knowledge of the actions of serotonin and dopamine are essential to basic understanding in neuropsychopharmacology, so is knowledge of the principles of electricity and brain anatomy critical to the understanding of brain stimulation therapies.
Audience: The intended audience includes clinicians, patients, and researchers.
Features: The first three chapters are introductions to basic anatomy and brain electrophysiology. These are followed by reviews of the various stimulation methods including electroconvulsive therapy, vagus nerve stimulation, transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep brain and cortical stimulation, and transcranial direct current stimulation. Included are brief descriptions of less studied techniques, including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, electroacupuncture, and cranial electrotherapy stimulation (electrosleep). Each chapter includes relevant references and the index is detailed and helpful.
Assessment: This is an excellent and readable introductory book on brain stimulation therapies for clinicians. All clinicians who treat individuals with serious psychiatric disorders should be familiar with this information. I highly recommend this book.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781585628902
Publisher:
American Psychiatric Publishing, Incorporated
Publication date:
02/20/2009
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
203
File size:
5 MB
Age Range:
18 Years

Meet the Author

Edmund S. Higgins, M.D., is Clinical Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Psychiatry at the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston.

Mark S. George, M.D., is Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, Radiology, and Neuroscience as well as Director of the Center for Advanced Imaging Research and the Brain Stimulation Laboratory at the Medical University of South Carolina. At MUSC, he has conducted pioneering work with functional imaging of the brain and several of the brain stimulation techniques, particularly transcranial magnetic stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation. He is also the editor-in-chief of Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translational and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation.

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