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The Bravo (Barnes & Noble Digital Library) [NOOK Book]

Overview



Published in 1831, this novel is set in Venice in the bygone days of the Doges.  It was inspired by Cooper's travels in Italy.  "The author has intended to give his countrymen," writes Cooper in his preface, "a picture of the social system of the soi-distant republics of the other hemisphere." Cooper aims to show, William Cullen Bryant said, that all systems which reserve power for the strong, inherently oppress the weak.
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The Bravo (Barnes & Noble Digital Library)

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Overview



Published in 1831, this novel is set in Venice in the bygone days of the Doges.  It was inspired by Cooper's travels in Italy.  "The author has intended to give his countrymen," writes Cooper in his preface, "a picture of the social system of the soi-distant republics of the other hemisphere." Cooper aims to show, William Cullen Bryant said, that all systems which reserve power for the strong, inherently oppress the weak.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781411456747
  • Publisher: Barnes & Noble
  • Publication date: 7/12/2011
  • Series: Barnes & Noble Digital Library
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 440
  • File size: 466 KB

Meet the Author

James Fenimore Cooper

James Fenimore Cooper (1789–1851) is best known for his masterpiece The Last of the Mohicans. A prolific and popular American writer, Cooper wrote fiction, non-fiction, and even tried his hand at the supernatural. He wrote many stories about the sea as well as the historical novels of his series Leatherstocking Tales.

Biography

James Cooper (he added the Fenimore when he was in his 30s) was born September 15, 1789, in Burlington, New Jersey, to William Cooper and Elizabeth Fenimore Cooper. In 1790 the family moved to the frontier country of upstate New York, where William established a village he called Cooperstown. Although cushioned by wealth and William's status as landlord and judge, the Coopers found pioneering to be rugged, and only 7 of the 13 Cooper children survived their early years. All the hardship notwithstanding, according to family reports, the young James loved the wilderness. Years later, he wrote The Pioneers (1823) about Cooperstown in the 1790s, but many of his other books draw deeply on his childhood experiences of the frontier as well.

Cooper was sent to Yale in 1801 but he was expelled in 1805 for setting off an explosion in another student's room. Afterward, as a midshipman in the fledgling U.S. Navy, he made Atlantic passages and served at an isolated post on Lake Ontario. Cooper resigned his commission in 1811 to marry Susan Augusta De Lancey, the daughter of a wealthy New York State family. During the next decade, however, a series of bad investments and legal entanglements reduced his inheritance to the verge of bankruptcy.

Cooper was already 30 years old when, on a dare from his wife, he became a writer. One evening he threw down, in disgust, a novel he was reading aloud to her, saying he could write a better book himself. Susan, who knew that he disliked writing even letters, expressed her doubts. To prove her wrong he wrote Precaution, which was published anonymously in 1820. Encouraged by favorable reviews, Cooper wrote other books in quick succession, and by the time The Last of the Mohicans, his sixth novel, was published in 1827, he was internationally famous as America's first professionally successful novelist. Eventually he published 32 novels, as well as travel books and histories. Cooper invented the genre of nautical fiction, and in the figure of Nathaniel or "Natty" Bumppo (Hawkeye in The Last of the Mohicans) -- the central character in the five Leatherstocking Tales Cooper published between 1823 and 1841 -- he gave American fiction its first great hero.

Shortly after publishing The Last of the Mohicans, Cooper moved his family to Europe, but in 1833 he returned to America, moving back into his father's restored Mansion House in Cooperstown. He died there on September 14, 1851.

Author biography courtesy of Barnes & Noble Books.

Good To Know

Cooper was expelled from Yale due to his passion for pranks, which included training a donkey to sit in a professor's chair and setting a fellow student's room on fire.

Between 1822 and 1826 Cooper lived in New York City, and was a major player on its intellectual scene. He founded the Bread and Cheese Club, which had many high-profile members, including notable painters of the Hudson River School and writers like William Cullen Bryant.

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    1. Date of Birth:
      September 15, 1789
    2. Place of Birth:
      Burlington, New Jersey
    1. Date of Death:
      September 14, 1851
    2. Place of Death:
      Cooperstown, New York
    1. Education:
      Yale University (expelled in 1805)

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 16, 2013

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  • Posted April 12, 2010

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    A 15th Century Doge of Venice: "titular sovereign of that still more titular republic"

    Writing his 1831 novel THE BRAVO midway through a lengthy sojourn in Europe, James Fenimore Cooper took mid-15th Century Venice as precisely the kind of government that the new USA was not. "Venice, though ambitious and tenacious of the name of a republic, was, in truth, a narrow, a vulgar, and an exceedingly heartless oligarchy" (Ch. XI). Its leader, the Doge, was a puppet trotted out for ceremonial occasions such as the wedding of Venice with the Adriatic, lavishly described in THE BRAVO. The Doge was "the titular sovereign of that still more titular Republic" (Ch. X).

    Cooper wanted his fellow Americans to think better of themselves. All too accustomed they were to accept European views of the New Worlders as ignorant, uncreative, uncivilized and generally inferior. Cooper saw the U. S. Constitution as something new in the world. In the USA men were citizens, not subjects. Government existed to assure justice and good to all citizens, not just the rich. How better show Americans their opposite in virtue, especially in equal justice for all, than by holding up a mirror to Venice in mid 15th Century, in early decline. It was already a tightly controlled police state. Profligate sons of the mighty are shown great indulgence and not likely to be severely punished. But simple fishermen can be imprisoned on false charges or sent to the galleys to protect the Republic, a service never required of sons of the powerful.

    A bravo is a paid assassin. In the novel young Jacopo Frontoni is known throughout Venice as a bravo. He is feared because, despite his reputation, the Senate, the Council of Thirty and the dread secret Council of Three never move against him until the very end. Much of Cooper's great work of historical fiction slowly explains how Jacopo was made to seem a bravo for the ruthless "good" of the Venetian state.

    Jacopo's short, unhappy life intersects with that of the daughter of the warden of the prison beyond the Bridge of Sighs where Jacopo's father lies dying. Their lives in turn intersect with those of a powerful Duke prevented by Venice from wedding a rich orphaned heiress. The heiress, Donna Violetta Tiepolo, has a Carmelite priest spiritual advisor who explains to her the evils of the Venetian State. He also hears the final confession of a spirited old fisherman Antonio Vecchio who asks no more of Venice than that it free his 14-year old grandson from duties on the Republic's war galleys.

    THE BRAVO introduced to Americans of the Trail of Tears years pre-Reformation Catholic Italy in all its individual heroism and corporate depravity. We see gondola races for rich prizes. We hear the serenades of gondoliers. We marvel at the ability of a dying state like Venice to assume first place in the consciences of most of its patricians. We suffer with poor fisherman and spied upon private gondoliers. Venice is Communist East Germany 500 years before the Berlin Wall. A grand tale! -OOO-

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