Brazil and South Korea: Economic Crisis and Restructuring

Overview

The 1990s saw lower- and middle-income countries throughout the world come under pressure to open their domestic markets to international trade and investment. Despite the progressive implementation of market-friendly policies, many emerging market countries experienced financial market volatility, exchange rate collapse, and slumps in output. These problems profoundly affected two of the world's largest middle-income industrialized countries —Brazil and South Korea. Despite superficial similarities, prior to the...

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Overview

The 1990s saw lower- and middle-income countries throughout the world come under pressure to open their domestic markets to international trade and investment. Despite the progressive implementation of market-friendly policies, many emerging market countries experienced financial market volatility, exchange rate collapse, and slumps in output. These problems profoundly affected two of the world's largest middle-income industrialized countries —Brazil and South Korea. Despite superficial similarities, prior to the onset of crisis both countries had very different models of industrialization and had adopted contrasting approaches to trade and market reform.

This collection analyzes the factors underlying the economic crises in South Korea and Brazil, pointing out areas of similarity and divergence. It also reviews the paths of recovery taken by both economies, examining the role of policy and variations in structural characteristics.

Contributors include André Averburg (United Nations Development Programme/ Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social, Brazil), Fabio Giambiagi (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social), Andrea Goldstein (OECD Development Centre), Louise Haagh (Department of Politics, University of York), Tat Yan Kong (School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London), José Ricardo Ramalho (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Ben Ross Schneider (Center for International and Comparative Studies, Northwestern University), and Jaang-Sup Shin (Department of Economics, National University of Singapore).

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781900039512
  • Publisher: Institute for the Study of the Americas
  • Publication date: 4/14/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 242
  • Product dimensions: 5.94 (w) x 9.08 (h) x 0.64 (d)

Meet the Author

Edmund Amann is a lecturer at the School of Economic Studies, University of Manchester. Ha-Joon Chang is a reader in the Political Economy of Development at the Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK.

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Table of Contents

List of contributors
List of tables
List of figures
Ch. 1 Economic crisis and restructuring in Brazil and South Korea : overview 1
Ch. 2 The Brazilian crisis of 1998-99 : origins and consequences 12
Ch. 3 Big business in Brazil : states and markets in the corporate reorganisation of the 1990s 48
Ch. 4 Trade reform, market liberalisation and industrial performance in Brazil 75
Ch. 5 The Brazilian labour market in the 1990s : restructuring, unemployment and informality 90
Ch. 6 The 1997 Korean crisis : causes and consequences 107
Ch. 7 Globalisation and industrial restructuring : the case of South Korea 123
Ch. 8 The labour market and Korea's 1997 financial crisis 152
Ch. 9 Patterns of government-business relations in South Korea and the impact of the recent crisis 201
Bibliography 221
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