Bridging the Achievement Gap

Bridging the Achievement Gap

by John E. Chubb
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0815714009

ISBN-13: 9780815714002

Pub. Date: 11/28/2002

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

The achievement gap between white students and African American and Hispanic students has been debated by scholars and lamented by policymakers since it was first documented in 1966. The average black or Hispanic secondary school student currently achieves at about the same level as the average white student in the lowest quartile of white achievement. Black and

Overview

The achievement gap between white students and African American and Hispanic students has been debated by scholars and lamented by policymakers since it was first documented in 1966. The average black or Hispanic secondary school student currently achieves at about the same level as the average white student in the lowest quartile of white achievement. Black and Hispanic students are much less likely than white students to graduate from high school, acquire a college or advanced degree, or earn a middle-class living. They are also much more likely than whites to suffer social problems that often accompany low income. While educators have gained an understanding of the causes and effects of the education achievement gap, they have been less successful in finding ways to eliminate it—until now. This book provides, for the first time in one place, evidence that the achievement gap can be bridged. A variety of schools and school reforms are boosting the achievement of black and Hispanic students to levels nearing those of whites. Bridging the Achievement Gap brings together the findings of renowned education scholars who show how various states, school districts, and individual schools have lifted the achievement levels of poor and minority students. The most promising strategies include focusing on core academic skills, reducing class size, enrolling students in more challenging courses, administering annual achievement assessment tests, creating schools with a culture of competition and success, and offering vouchers in big-city school districts. While implementing new educational programs on a large scale is fraught with difficulties, these successful reform efforts offer what could be the start of widespread effective solutions for bridging the achievement gap.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815714002
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
11/28/2002
Pages:
268
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1Bridging the Achievement Gap1
2Would Smaller Classes Help Close the Black-White Achievement Gap?11
3Voucher Programs and the Effect of Ethnicity on Test Scores47
4"Success for All" and African American and Latino Student Achievement74
5Wisconsin's SAGE Program and Achievement through Small Classes91
6High-Stakes Testing, Accountability, and Student Achievement in Texas and Houston109
7Schools That Work131
8High Achievement in Mathematics: Lessons from Three Los Angeles Elementary Schools157
9Tracking and the Achievement Gap171
10The Role of Federal Resources in Closing the Achievement Gap199
Contributors227
Index229

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