Brief History of Western Civilization, Volume I (to 1715) / Edition 5

Brief History of Western Civilization, Volume I (to 1715) / Edition 5

by Mark Kishlansky, Mark A. Kishlansky, Patrick Geary, Patricia O'Brien

ISBN-10: 0321449975

ISBN-13: 9780321449979

Pub. Date: 10/27/2006

Publisher: Longman

Balanced in coverage and beautifully written, A Brief History of Western Civilization explores everyday occurrences and ordinary people as well as major events and powerful elites. Noted for its exceptional visual program of images and maps, the book is designed specifically to engage students actively in the study of the West.

Features of the Fifth Edition: New!


Balanced in coverage and beautifully written, A Brief History of Western Civilization explores everyday occurrences and ordinary people as well as major events and powerful elites. Noted for its exceptional visual program of images and maps, the book is designed specifically to engage students actively in the study of the West.

Features of the Fifth Edition: New! "The West and the Wider World," illustrated two-page essays, place the history of the West in context with the rest of the world so that students get a broader picture of the evolution of "the West." New! "Map Discovery" features in each chapter encourage students to study and analyze the maps and connect them with the chapter content. New! Key terms and a glossary have been added to alert students to important concepts and provide them with a reference tool as they read the text. Two new "The Visual Record" pictorial chapter openers are included. All openers contain a section entitled "Looking Ahead" that links the subject of the opener to the major topics and themes of the chapter.

Product Details

Publication date:
MyHistoryLab Series
Product dimensions:
8.64(w) x 10.92(h) x 0.51(d)

Table of Contents

Maps and Geographical Tours     xiii
Chronologies, Genealogies, and Figures     xv
Documents     xvii
Preface     xix
Acknowledgments     xxv
Supplements     xxix
About the Authors     xxxi
Introduction: The Idea of Western Civilization     2
The First Civilizations     4
The Visual Record: Otzi's Last Meal     4
Before Civilization     6
The Dominance of Culture     6
Social Organization, Agriculture, and Religion     7
Mesopotamia: Between the Two Rivers     8
The Ramparts of Uruk     8
Map Discovery: The Ancient World     9
Tools: Technology and Writing     10
Gods and Mortals in Mesopotamia     10
Sargon and Mesopotamian Expansion     11
Hammurabi and the Old Babylonian Empire     12
The Gift of the Nile     14
Tending the Cattle of God     15
Democratization of the Afterlife     15
The Egyptian Empire     16
Religious and Royal Consolidation Under Akhenaten     17
Between Two Worlds     18
The Hebrew Alternative     18
A King Like All theNations     19
Exile     20
Nineveh and Babylon     20
The Assyrian Empire     20
The New Babylonian Empire     21
Document: The Code of Hammurabi     13
Early Greece, 2500-500 B.C.E.     24
The Visual Record: Hecuba and Achilles     24
Greece in the Bronze Age to 700 B.C.E.     26
Islands of Peace     26
Map Discovery: Greece in the Bronze Age     27
Mainland of War     28
The Dark Age     28
Archaic Greece, 700-500 B.C.E.     30
Ethnos and Polis     31
Map Discovery: Greek Cities and Colonies of the Archaic Age     31
Technology of Writing and Warfare     32
Colonists and Tyrants     33
Gender and Power     33
Gods and Mortals     34
Myth and Reason     34
Art and the Individual     34
A Tale of Three Cities     36
Wealthy Corinth     36
Martial Sparta     37
Democratic Athens     38
The Coming of Persia and the End of the Archaic Age     40
Map Discovery: The Persian Empire, ca. 500 B.C.E.     40
Document: Hector and Andromache     30
Classical and Hellenistic Greece, 500-100 B.C.E.     44
The Visual Record: Alexander at Issus     44
War and Politics in the Fifth Century B.C.E.     46
The Persian Wars     46
Thermopylae and Salamis     46
The Athenian Empire     47
Private and Public Life in Athens     48
Pericles and Athens     49
Map Discovery: The Delian League and the Peloponnesian War     50
The Peloponnesian War     51
Athenian Culture in the Hellenic Age     52
The Examined Life     52
Understanding the Past     53
Athenian Drama     54
Art and the Human Image     54
From City-States to Macedonian Empire, 404-323 B.C.E.     55
Politics After the Peloponnesian War     55
Philosophy and the Polis     56
The Rise of Macedon     56
The Empire of Alexander the Great     57
Map Discovery: The Empire of Alexander the Great     58
Binding Together an Empire     58
The Hellenistic World     59
Urban Life and Culture     59
Map Discovery: The Hellenistic Kingdoms     62
Women in Public Life      62
Alexandria     63
Hellenistic Literature     63
Architecture and Art     63
Hellenistic Philosophy     64
Mathematics and Science     64
Document: The Two Faces of Athenian Democracy     51
The West and the Wider World: Representing the Buddha: From Apollo to Christian Saint     60
Early Rome and the Roman Republic, 800-146 B.C.E.     68
The Visual Record: Eternal Rome     68
The Western Mediterranean to 509 B.C.E.     70
Carthage: The Merchants of Baal     70
The Western Greeks     70
Map Discovery: Greek and Phoenician Colonies and Trade     71
Italy's First Civilization     72
From City to Empire, 509-146 B.C.E.     73
Latin Rome     73
Etruscan Rome     74
Rome and Italy     75
Rome and the Mediterranean     76
Map Discovery: The Punic Wars     77
Republican Civilization     80
Farmers and Soldiers     80
The Roman Family     81
Social Effects of Expansion     81
Roman Religion     81
Republican Letters     82
The Crisis of Roman Virtue      83
Document: Polybius Describes the Sack of New Carthage     78
Imperial Rome, 146 B.C.E.-192 C.E.     86
The Visual Record: The Altar of Augustan Peace     86
The Price of Empire, 146-121 B.C.E.     88
Winners and Losers     88
Optimates and Populares     89
The End of the Republic     91
The Crisis of Government     91
Map Discovery: The Career of Julius Caesar     93
A Life Worth Leading     94
The Augustan Age and the Pax Romana     95
The Empire Renewed     95
Augustus's Successors     97
Map Discovery: The Roman Empire, 14 and 117 C.E.     98
Religions from the East     100
Jewish Resistance     100
The Origins of Christianity     101
Geographical Tour: A Tour of the Empire     102
The Western Provinces     103
The Eastern Provinces     104
The Culture of Antonine Rome     106
Document: The Reforms of Tiberius Gracchus     90
The Transformation of the Classical World, 192-500     110
The Visual Record: A Bride's Trousseau     110
The Crisis of the Third Century     112
Enrich the Army and Scorn the Rest     112
An Empire on the Defensive     113
The Barbarian Menace     113
Roman Influence in the Barbarian World     115
The Empire Restored     115
Diocletian, the God-Emperor     116
Map Discovery: The Empire Under Diocletian     116
Constantine, the Emperor of God     117
The Triumph of Christianity     117
Imperial Christianity     118
Divinity, Humanity, and Salvation     118
Map Discovery: The Spread of Christianity     119
The Call of the Desert     120
Monastic Communities     121
Solitaries and Hermits     121
A Parting of the Ways     122
The Barbarization of the West     122
The New Barbarian Kingdoms     123
Map Discovery: Barbarian Migrations and Invasions     124
The Hellenization of the East     125
Document: Tacitus on the Germans     114
The Classical Legacy in the East: Byzantium and Islam     128
The Visual Record: From Temple to Mosque     128
The Byzantines     130
Justinian and the Creation of the Byzantine State     130
Map Discovery: Byzantine Empire Under Justinian      132
Emperors and Individuals     132
Families and Villages     133
A Foretaste of Heaven     134
Iconoclasm     135
The Rise of Islam     138
Arabia Before the Prophet     138
Muhammad, Prophet of God     139
The Triumph of Islam     140
The Spread of Islam     141
Map Discovery: The Spread of Islam     142
Authority and Government in Islam     143
Umayyad and 'Abbasid Caliphates     143
Islamic Civilization     145
The Byzantine Apogee and Decline, 1000-1453     146
The Disintegration of the Empire     147
The Conquests of Constantinople and Baghdad     147
The West and the Wider World: Industrial Espionage in the Sixth Century     136
Document: The Qur'an     139
The West in the Early Middle Ages, 500-900     152
The Visual Record: The Chapel at the Waters     152
The Making of the Barbarian Kingdoms, 500-750     154
Italy: From Ostrogoths to Lombards     154
Map Discovery: The Barbarian Kingdoms, ca. 526     155
Visigothic Spain: Intolerance and Destruction     156
The Anglo-Saxons: From Pagan Conquerors to Christian Missionaries     156
The Franks: An Enduring Legacy     157
Living in the New Europe     158
Creating the European Peasantry     158
Rural Households     158
Creating the European Aristocracy     159
Aristocratic Lifestyle     159
Governing Europe     161
The Carolingian Achievement     161
Charlemagne and the Renewal of the West     162
Map Discovery: Charlemagne's Empire, 814     163
The Carolingian Renaissance     163
Carolingian Government     164
Carolingian Art     164
Geographical Tour: Europe in the Ninth Century     165
England     166
Scandinavia     166
The Slavic World     168
Muslim Spain     169
After the Carolingians: From Empire to Lordships     169
Disintegration of the Empire     170
Map Discovery: The Division of Charlemagne's Empire     170
Emergence of France and Germany     170
Cluny     171
Document: From Slave to Queen     160
The High Middle Ages, 900-1300     174
The Visual Record: From the Syrian Desert to the Welsh Marshes      174
The Countryside     176
The Peasantry: Serfs and Freemen     176
The Aristocracy: Warriors and Heiresses     177
The Church: Saints and Monks     179
Crusaders: Soldiers of God     180
Map Discovery: The Crusades     180
The Idea of the Crusade     181
Medieval Towns     181
Italian Cities     182
Map Discovery: Medieval Trade Networks     183
Northern Towns     183
The Fairs of Champagne     185
Scholasticism and Urban Intellectual Life     185
The Invention of the State     188
The Universal States: Empire and Papacy     188
The Nation-States: France and England     190
Document: Pope Urban II Summons a Crusade     181
The Later Middle Ages, 1300-1500     196
The Visual Record: Webs of Stone and Blood     196
Politics as a Family Affair     198
The Struggle for Central Europe     198
Map Discovery: Central and Eastern Europe, ca. 1378     199
A Hundred Years of War     201
Life and Death in the Later Middle Ages     204
Dancing with Death     204
Map Discovery: Spread of the Black Death and Peasant Revolts     205
The Plague of Insurrection     206
Living and Dying in Medieval Towns     207
The Spirit of the Later Middle Ages     209
The Crisis of the Papacy     209
Discerning the Spirit of God     210
Heresy and Revolt     211
Religious Persecution in Spain     211
William of Ockham and the Spirit of Truth     213
Vernacular Literature and the Individual     213
Document: Convivencia     212
The Italian Renaissance     218
The Visual Record: A Civic Procession     218
Renaissance Society     220
Cities and Countryside     220
Map Discovery: Largest Cities in Western Europe, ca. 1500     221
Production and Consumption     222
The Experience of Life     222
The Quality of Life     224
Renaissance Art     225
An Architect, a Sculptor, and a Painter     225
Renaissance Style     226
Michelangelo     227
Renaissance Ideals     227
Humanists and the Liberal Arts     228
Renaissance Science     229
Machiavelli and Politics     230
The Politics of the Italian City-States     230
Map Discovery: Italy, 1494     231
The Five Powers     231
Venice: A Seaborne Empire     232
Florence: Spinning Cloth into Gold     233
The End of Italian Hegemony, 1450-1527     235
Document: On the Family     223
The European Empires     238
The Visual Record: Astride the World     238
European Encounters     240
Africa and a Passage to India     240
Map Discovery: Portuguese Explorations     241
Mundus Novus     241
The Spanish Conquests     242
The Legacy of the Encounters     244
Map Discovery: Claims of Spain and Portugal to Overseas Empires     245
Geographical Tour: Europe in 1500     246
Boundaries of Eastern Europe     247
Central Europe     248
Western Europe     249
The Formation of States     250
Eastern Configurations     251
The Western Powers     252
The Dynastic Struggles     256
Power and Glory     256
The Italian Wars     256
Document: The Halls of Montezuma     243
The Reform of Religion      260
The Visual Record: Sola Scriptura     260
The Intellectual Reformation     262
The Print Revolution     262
Christian Humanism     263
The Humanist Movement     263
The Wit of Erasmus     264
The Lutheran Reformation     264
The Spark of Reform     264
The Sale of Indulgences     265
Martin Luther Challenges the Church     265
Martin Luther's Faith     265
From Luther to Lutheranism     266
The Spread of Lutheranism     267
Map Discovery: The Spread of Lutheranism     268
The Protestant Reformation     269
Geneva and Calvin     269
The English Reformation     271
The Reformation of the Radicals     272
The Catholic Reformation     273
The Spiritual Revival     273
Loyola's Pilgrimage     273
The Counter-Reformation     275
Map Discovery: The Religious Divisions of Europe, ca. 1555     276
The Empire Reacts     277
Document: The Eternal Decree     269
Europe at War, 1555-1648     280
The Visual Record: The Massacre of the Innocents      280
The Crises of the Western States     282
The French Wars of Religion     282
One King, Two Faiths     283
The World of Philip II     284
Map Discovery: Habsburg Lands at the Abdication of Charles V     285
The Revolt of the Netherlands     285
The Struggles in Eastern Europe     287
Kings and Diets in Poland     287
Muscovy's Time of Troubles     288
The Rise of Sweden     289
The Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648     290
Bohemia Revolts     290
The War Widens     291
The Long Quest for Peace     292
Document: War Is Hell     291
The Experiences of Life in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1650     298
The Visual Record: Haymaking     298
Economic Life     300
Rural Life     301
Map Discovery: Grain Supply and Trade in Sixteenth-Century Europe     301
Town Life     302
Economic Change     303
Map Discovery: Population Density in Europe, ca. 1600     304
Social Life     305
Social Constructs     305
Social Structure     306
Social Change     307
Peasant Revolts     308
Private and Community Life     310
The Family     310
Communities     312
Popular Beliefs and the Persecution of Witches     312
Document: The Devil's Due     313
The Royal State in the Seventeenth Century     318
The Visual Record: Fit for a King     318
The Rise of the Royal State     320
Divine Kings     320
The Court and the Courtiers     321
The Drive to Centralize Government     322
The Taxing Demands of War     323
The Crises of the Royal State     324
The Need to Resist     324
The Right to Resist     325
The English Civil War     327
Map Discovery: English Civil War     328
The English Revolutions     329
The Zenith of the Royal State     330
The Nature of Absolute Monarchy     331
Absolutism in the East     331
Map Discovery: Expansion of Russia Under Peter the Great     332
The Origins of French Absolutism     332
Louis le Grand     333
Document: A Glimpse of a King     322
Glossary     G-1
Credits      C-1
Index     1-1
Maps     M-1

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