The Brief Penguin Handbook with Exercises: MLA Update / Edition 3

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More About This Textbook

Overview

Including the most current MLA citation, documentation, and style guidelines, The Brief Penguin Handbook continues to revolutionize the way handbooks present information. The Third Edition of this extraordinary handbook continues to lead the market with complete new chapters on using database and Web sources, a new visual five-step guide to the documentation process, and updated and expanded documentation coverage. Started with ideas and suggestions from real students, this handbook gives you the information you need in the format you want.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205743421
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 5/21/2009
  • Series: English MLA Updated Books Series
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 640
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

PART 1 PLANNING, DRAFTING, AND REVISING

1 Think as a Writer

1a Think about the process of communication

1b Think about how to persuade others

1c Think about your audience

1d Think about your credibility

1e Think about your purpose

2 Plan and Draft

2a Think about the expectations of college readers

2b Establish your goals

2c Explore your topic

2d Write a working thesis

2e Plan a strategy

2f Compose a draft

2g Write as a member of a team

3 Compose Paragraphs

3a Focus your paragraphs

3b Organize your paragraphs

3c Make your paragraphs coherent

3d Consider paragraph length

3e Link across paragraphs

3f Write effective beginning and ending paragraphs

4 Rewrite, Edit, and Proofread

4a Switch from writer to reader

4b Learn strategies for rewriting

4c Respond to other writers’ drafts

4d Edit for particular goals

4e Proofread carefully

4f Learn to edit the writing of others

PART 2 WRITING FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES

5 Read and View with a Critical Eye

5a Become a critical reader

5b Read actively

5c Recognize verbal fallacies

5d Become a critical viewer

5e Recognize visual fallacies

6 Write to Analyze

6a Understand the goal of a rhetorical analysis

6b Analyze the context and the text

6c Organize and write a rhetorical analysis

6d Sample rhetorical analysis

6e Analyze images and other visual texts

7 Write to Reflect

7a Find a reflective topic

7b Identify a focus

7c Organize and write a reflection

7d Sample reflective essay

8 Write to Inform

8a Find an informative topic

8b Narrow your topic and write a thesis

8c Organize and write an informative essay

8d Sample informative essay

9 Write Arguments

9a Position arguments and proposal arguments

9b Find an arguable topic

9c Make an arguable claim

9d Organize and write a position argument

9e Sample position argument

9f Organize and write a proposal argument

9g Sample proposal arguments

PART 3 WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES

10 Learn to Write in Academic Disciplines

10a Become an academic writer

10b What counts as evidence in the disciplines?

11 Write in Specific Genres

11a Write an essay examination

11b Write an observation

11c Write a case study

11d Write a lab report in the sciences

11e Write a letter of application

11f Write a résumé

12 Write about Literature

12a Become a critical reader of literature

12b Develop an interpretation

12c Write a literary analysis

12d Sample literary analysis

PART 4 DESIGNING AND PRESENTING

13 Communicate with Words, Images, and Graphics

13a Write in multimedia

13b Think about verbal and visual relationships

13c Know where images and graphics work best

13d Know where words work best

14 Design for Print and the Screen

14a Start with your readers

14b Design pages

14c Choose type

14d Compose images

14e Edit images

14f Create tables, charts, and graphs

14g Design a Web site

15 Design Presentations

15a Plan a presentation

15b Design visuals for a presentation

15c Deliver an effective presentation

PART 5 RESEARCHING

16 Plan Your Research

16a Analyze the research task

16b Find a topic

16c Determine what kind of research you need

16d Draft a working thesis

16e Start a working bibliography

17 Find and Evaluate Sources in Databases

17a Know the strengths of database sources

17b Find information in databases

17c Construct effective database searches

17d Evaluate database sources

17e Locate elements of a citation in database sources

18 Find and Evaluate Sources on the Web

18a Know the strengths and weaknesses of Web sources

18b Find reliable Web sources

18c Construct effective Web searches

18d Find visual sources online

18e Evaluate Web sources

18f Locate elements of a citation in Web sources

19 Find and Evaluate Print Sources

19a Know the strengths of print sources

19b Find books

19c Find journal articles

19d Evaluate print sources

19e Locate elements of a citation in print sources

20 Plan Field Research

20a Know what you can obtain from field research

20b Conduct interviews

20c Administer surveys

20d Make observations

21 Incorporate Sources and Avoid Plagiarism

21a Understand the purposes of sources

21b Incorporate sources

21c Avoid plagiarism

21d Quote sources without plagiarizing

21e Summarize and paraphrase sources without plagiarizing

22 Write and Revise the Research Project

22a Revisit your research

22b Plan your organization

22c Write a draft

22d Select and introduce quotations

22e Review your draft

22f Revise, revise, revise

PART 6 DOCUMENTING

Five Steps for Documenting Sources

1 Which documentation style do I use?

2 What kind of source am I using?

3 When do I cite sources?

4 How do I cite a source in my paper?

5 How do I cite sources at the end of my paper?

23 MLA Documentation

23a In-text citations in MLA style

23b Books in MLA-style works cited

23c Journals and magazines

23d Newspapers

23e Government documents, pamphlets, dissertations, and letters

23f Library database publications

23g Online publications

23h CD-ROM, software, and unedited online sources

23i Visual sources

23j Multimedia sources

23k Informational notes

23l Sample research paper with MLA documentation

24 APA Documentation

24a In-text citations in APA style

24b Books and nonperiodical sources in the APA-style references list

24c Periodical sources

24d Online sources

24e Visual, computer, and multimedia sources

24f Sample paper with APA documentation

25 CMS Documentation

25a Books and nonperiodical sources in CMS-style citations

25b Periodical sources

25c Online and computer sources

25d Multimedia sources

25e Sample pages with CMS documentation

26 CSE Documentation

26a In-text citations in CSE style

26b Books and nonperiodical sources in CSE-style references

26c Periodical sources

26d Online sources

26e Sample pages with CSE documentation

PART 7 EFFECTIVE STYLE AND LANGUAGE

27 Write with Power

27a Pay attention to verbs

27b Stay active

27c Find agents

27d Vary your sentences

27e Give your writing personality

28 Write Concisely

28a Eliminate unnecessary words

28b Reduce wordy phrases

28c Simplify tangled sentences

29 Write with Emphasis

29a Manage emphasis in sentences

29b Forge links across sentences

29c Use parallel structure with parallel ideas

29d Use parallel structure with lists

29e Use parallel structure in paragraphs

30 Find the Right Words

30a Be aware of levels of formality

30b Be aware of denotation and connotation

30c Use specific language

30d Use effective figurative language

31 Write to Be Inclusive

31a Be aware of stereotypes

31b Be inclusive about gender

31c Be inclusive about race and ethnicity

31d Be inclusive about other differences

31e Recognize international varieties of English

PART 8 UNDERSTANDING GRAMMAR

32 Grammar Basics

32a Sentence basics

32b Word classes

32c Clauses

32d Phrases

32e Sentence types

33 Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices

33a Fragments

33b Run-on sentences

33c Comma splices

34 Subject-Verb Agreement

34a Agreement in the present tense

34b Singular and plural subjects

34c Indefinite pronouns as subjects

34d Collective nouns as subjects

34e Inverted word order

34f Amounts, numbers, and pairs

35 Verbs

35a Basic verb forms

35b Irregular verbs

35c Transitive and intransitive verbs

35d Shifts in tense

35e Shifts in mood

36 Pronouns

36a Pronoun case

36b Pronoun agreement

36c Problems with pronouns and gender

36d Vague reference

37 Modifiers

37a Choose the correct modifier

37b Place adjectives carefully

37c Place adverbs carefully

37d Revise disruptive modifiers

37e Revise dangling modifiers

PART 9 UNDERSTANDING PUNCTUATION AND MECHANICS

38 Commas

38a Commas with introductory elements

38b Commas with compound clauses

38c Commas with nonrestrictive modifiers

38d Commas with items in a series

38e Commas with coordinate adjectives

38f Commas with quotations

38g Commas with dates, numbers, titles, and addresses

38h Commas to avoid confusion

38i Unnecessary commas

39 Semicolons and Colons

39a Semicolons with closely related main clauses

39b Semicolons together with commas

39c Colons in sentences

39d Colons with lists

40 Hyphens

40a Hyphens with compound modifiers

40b Hyphens with compound nouns

40c Hyphens that divide words at the ends of lines

40d Hyphens for clarity

41 Dashes and Parentheses

41a Dashes and parentheses versus commas

41b Dashes and parentheses to set off information

41c Other punctuation with parentheses

41d Other punctuation with dashes

42 Apostrophes

42a Possessives

42b Contractions and omitted letters

42c Plurals of letters, symbols, and words referred to as words

43 Quotation Marks

43a Direct quotations

43b Titles of short works

43c Other uses of quotation marks

43d Misuses of quotation marks

43e Other punctuation with quotation marks

44 Other Punctuation Marks

44a Periods

44b Question marks

44c Exclamation points

44d Brackets

44e Ellipses

44f Slashes

45 Write with Accurate Spelling

45a Know the limitations of spelling checkers

45b Distinguish homonyms

46 Capitalization and Italics

46a Capital letters

46b Italics

47 Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Numbers

47a Abbreviations

47b Acronyms

47c Numbers

PART 10 IF ENGLISH IS NOT YOUR FIRST LANGUAGE

48 Write in a Second Language

48a Understand the demands of writing in a second language

48b Use your native language as a resource

48c Use dictionaries

48d Understand English idioms

49 Nouns, Articles, and Prepositions

49a Kinds of nouns

49b Count and noncount nouns

49c Singular and plural forms

49d Articles

49e Prepositions

50 Verbs

50a Types of verbs

50b Be verbs

50c Modal auxiliary verbs

50d Verbs and infinitives

50e Verbs and -ing verbals

50f Conditional sentences

50g Participial adjectives

50h Phrasal verbs

51 English Sentence Structure

51a Subjects

51b English word order

51c Placement of modifiers

51d Adjectives with prepositions

Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage

Index to Exercises

Index

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