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"A comprehensive and practical guide to many important intervention issues . . . both positive and informative, with recommendations that will help a child with autism reach his or her potential."
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is one of the most effective interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders and other disabilities. Now you can bring ABA best practices into any early childhood setting with this book?your complete guide to using ABA within everyday routines to support children???s learning, participation, and development.
Ideal for use with children birth to five, this practical, reader-friendly guidebook is the first to combine ABA with natural ...
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is one of the most effective interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders and other disabilities. Now you can bring ABA best practices into any early childhood setting with this book—your complete guide to using ABA within everyday routines to support childrenâ€™s learning, participation, and development.
Ideal for use with children birth to five, this practical, reader-friendly guidebook is the first to combine ABA with natural environment intervention, the widely used, research-supported approach to meeting the needs of children with disabilities. Youâ€™ll learn the fundamental principles and research behind ABA and natural environment intervention, and youâ€™ll get one clear and practical framework for
To get you started with ABA, the book gives you 25 sample teaching plans that strengthen communication, social interaction, positive behavior, independent play and daily living skills, cognitive skills, and participation in everyday routines. Vivid, realistic case studies of diverse children walk you through the ABA process from start to finish. And with the blank forms and data sheets, youâ€™ll easily assess childrenâ€™s skills and participation and monitor their progress toward goals.
With this comprehensive guide to a proven intervention approach, youâ€™ll help young children with ASD and other disabilities make lasting improvements and participate fully at home, at school, and in their community.
A featured book in our Better Behavior Kit!
Excerpted from Chapter 1 of Bringing ABA to Home, School, and Play for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Disabilities, by Debra Leach, Ed.D., BCBA
Copyright© 2012 by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Overview of Natural Environment Intervention
This chapter provides an overview of the use of natural environment intervention (NEI) for young children with disabilities. Coverage of the topic includes NEIâ€™s legal foundations and a review of literature on the principles of effective practice when implementing NEI. An overview of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is offered, together with a discussion of research specifically related to NEI for young children with ASD.
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT INTERVENTION
NEI is a federally mandated early intervention approach for young children with disabilities that systematically maximizes teaching and learning opportunities throughout the day by embedding interventions within naturally occurring routines. Caregivers spend many hours with their child throughout the day, and this time can and should be used for interventions that will enhance the childâ€™s development. In using NEI, caregivers are not required to set aside extra time in their day to provide â€œtherapy.â€ Instead, they receive training and support from professionals to provide evidence-based interventions within the context of their daily routines. Thus, NEI doesnâ€™t require extra time, but it does require a more systematic use of time spent with the child to optimize learning opportunities throughout the day.
According to federal special education law (Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act [IDEA]), natural environments are defined as home and community settings in which children without disabilities participate (IDEIA, 2004). The law requires that early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities be implemented in natural environments to the maximum extent appropriate. This stipulation reflects research indicating that everyday family and community routines and activities provide young children with an optimal variety of learning opportunities (Dunst, Hamby, Trivette, Raab, & Bruder, 2000). Natural environments include a variety of home-, school-, and community-based routines. Examples of home-based routines may include dressing, bathing, eating, cleaning the house, playing outdoors or inside, and reading books. Community-based routines may include going to the grocery store, beach, library, and park. School-based routines may include circle time, lunch, centers, recess, library, small-group instruction, and whole-group instruction. These everyday home, school, and community routines provide young children with many different learning opportunities. When children are actively engaged in everyday routines, they have multiple opportunities to apply their existing skills and acquire new ones.
The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), the worldâ€™s largest organization working on behalf of young children, uses the developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) framework as the foundation of all its work. The core principles of DAP in early childhood education are that knowledge must inform decision making, goals must be challenging and achievable, and teaching must be intentional to be effective (NAEYC, 2012). These guiding principles also provide the framework for NEI through all phases of intervention, including assessment, goal setting, designing and implementing instruction, and evaluating the effects of instruction. When applying DAP to NEI for young children with disabilities, caregivers are heavily involved in the assessment process to identify the childâ€™s strengths, interests, eve
About the Author vi
Foreword Travis Thompson vii
Foreword R.A. McWilliam x
1 Overview of Natural Environment Intervention 1
2 Understanding Applied Behavior Analysis 13
3 Assessment for Planning ABA Interventions in the Natural Environment 25
4 Goal Setting for ABA Interventions in the Natural Environment 57
5 Developing Teaching Procedures for ABA Interventions in the Natural Environment 69
6 Data Collection and Analysis 95
7 Putting It All Together 109
Readers Guide 121
A Sample Communication Skills Teaching Plans 125
B Sample Social Interaction Skills Teaching Plans 129
C Sample Independent Play and Daily Living Skills Teaching Plans 135
D Sample Cognitive Skills Teaching Plans 139
E Sample Positive Behaviors Teaching Plans 143
F Sample Intervention Plans for Targeted Routines 147
G Blank Forms for Assessment, Goal Setting, and Data Collection 151