Britain and the Middle East in the 1930s: Security Problems 1935-39

Overview

The aggressive foreign policy of Fascist Italy, and the growing threats of Nazi Germany and of Japan, created multiple security problems for Britain and its empire. This book focuses on the Middle East, where the hegemony which Britain and France had established after the First World War was increasingly challenged during the 1930s. The first part examines the global context in which British strategy for the Middle East was formulated. It includes important new assessments of Italy's strategy in the ...
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Overview

The aggressive foreign policy of Fascist Italy, and the growing threats of Nazi Germany and of Japan, created multiple security problems for Britain and its empire. This book focuses on the Middle East, where the hegemony which Britain and France had established after the First World War was increasingly challenged during the 1930s. The first part examines the global context in which British strategy for the Middle East was formulated. It includes important new assessments of Italy's strategy in the Mediterranean, and of Egypt as the keystone of British defense plans. In part two, the political situation in Egypt in the aftermath of the Abyssinian crisis, and Egypt's own regional ambitions are vividly portrayed. It includes chapters on the rethinking of strategic policy in Iraq, and the decline in cooperation between Britain and Saudi Arabia. The third part focuses on Palestine, where British control was challenged by the Arab rebellion against the Mandate, which established the Jewish National Home. Britain was acutely embarrassed by the protracted struggle, 1936-39, given the pan-Arab sympathies for the rebels and the illicit support afforded by the dictatorships in Europe. The conclusion considers the question of appeasement and British colonial policy on the eve of World War II.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312072117
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 11/1/1992
  • Pages: 256

Table of Contents

Notes on the Contributors
Preface
Introduction
Pt. I Middle Eastern Strategy 1
1 The Mediterranean and the Middle East in British Global Strategy, 1935-39 3
2 British Strategy in the Middle East in the Wake of the Abyssinian Crisis, 1936-39 21
3 Italy's Mediterranean Strategy, 1935-39 41
4 Egypt: Defence Plans 61
Pt. II The Regional Context 79
5 Egyptian Regional Policy in the Wake of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936: Arab Alliance or Islamic Caliphate? 81
6 British Internal Security and Egyptian Youth 98
7 Axioms Reconsidered: The Rethinking of British Strategic Policy in Iraq during the 1930s 113
8 Britain and the Challenge of the Axis Powers in Arabia: The Decline of British-Saudi Cooperation in the 1930s 128
Pt. III The Mandate for Palestine 145
9 The Collapse and Restoration of Public Security 147
10 Palestinian-Arab Violent Activity during the 1930s 169
11 A Breakthrough in Zionist Military Conceptions: 1936-39 190
12 The Palestine Problem in the Context of Colonial Policy on the Eve of the Second World War 206
Conclusion 217
Index 222
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