This text, which is the fourth volume in the best-selling History of England series, tells how a small and insignificant outpost of the Roman empire evolved into a nation that has produced and disseminated so many significant ideas and institutions. This is the only comprehensive text available for the History of England survey course that has been revised and updated to include coverage of the entire 20th century.
I. The Age of Improvement: 1830 to 1851 1. Reform or Revolution? Alexis de Tocqueville and the Britain of 1830 The Demand for Constitutional Reform The Great Reform Bill Significance and Aftermath 2. The Railway Age The People Industry and Banking Transportation Working Conditions 3. The Curious Years of Laissez-Faire Whigs and Tories The Chartists The Corn Law Reformers Peel and Repeal The Irish Famine The Trend Toward Laissez-Faire The Trend Toward State Intervention The Victorian Regulatory State The Church and Education 4. Lord Palmerston's World Britain's Place in the World The Foreign Policy of Palmerston Anglo-American and Anglo-Chinese Relations Palmerston Again II. The Mid-Victorian Years: 1851 to 1873 5. Prosperity, Propriety, and Progress The Age of Prosperity The Victorian City Victorian Morality The Cult of Respectability The Victorian Gentleman The Critics of Victorianism 6. War Drums Sound Afar The Crimean War American Division and German Unification The Sepoy Mutiny The Mid-Victorian Empire 7. The Reform Bill of 1867: Causes and Consequences Prelude to Reform The Reform Bills The First Gladstone Ministry III. The Late-Victorian Years: 1873 to 1900 8. Disraeli and Gladstone The Curious "Great Depression" Liberals and Conservatives The Disraeli Ministry of 1874-1880 Gladstone's Second Ministry (1880-1885) 9. The Irish Question The Nineteenth-Century Background The Rise of Parnell The First Home Rule Bill The Second Home Rule Bill 10. The High Tide of Empire The Causes of Imperialism Imperialism in Action The Role of Joseph Chamberlain The Boer War 11. Society and Social Reform Technological Advances The Social Structure The Status of Women Religion and Leisure The Decline of Laissez-Faire Social Reform and Politics IV. The Early Twentieth Century: 1900 to 1924 12. The Rocky Road to the Welfare State Edwardian Prosperity The Cultural Revival The Conservative Decline (1900-1905) The Liberal Revival (1905-1908) Asquith, Churchill, and Lloyd George The Revolt of the Peers The Twentieth-Century Constitution Suffragettes and Syndicalists Ireland Again 13. The Roundabout Road to War The Web of Diplomacy The Triple Entente Anglo-German Rivalry The Lamps Go Out 14. Britain and World War I The Fighting Fronts (1914-1915) The Home Front (1914-1915) The Rise of Lloyd George War on Sea and Land (1915-1917) The End of the War 15. The Consequences of the Peace The Election of 1918 Lloyd George at Paris A Solution for Ireland The Twenties: Economy and Society The Fall of Lloyd George The First Labour Government V. The Shadow of Depression and War: 1924 to 1956 16. The False Dawn and the Great Depression The General Strike and After The Spirit of Locarno The Second Labour Government The National Government The Depression and British Society Recovery 17. The Storm Gathers Anew The Rise of Totalitarianism The Election of 1935 The Abdication Steps Toward War The Road to Munich The End of Appeasement 18. The Age of Churchill The "Phoney War" Churchill Becomes Prime Minister The Battle of Britain The War Economy Forging the Grand Alliance The Road to Victory 19. Social Security and International Insecurity The General Election of 1945 Nationalization and Social Security Austerity Imperial Twilight: Asia and the Middle East The Cold War The Elections of 1950 and 1951 The End of Austerity Diplomatic Achievements VI. Post Imperial Britain: 1956-1979 20. The Decline of Empire and the Mood of the 1960s Suez and After Twilight of Empire: Africa The Macmillan Era Troubles of the Early 1960s The First Move to Join Europe The Elections of 1964 and 1966 The Perils of the Pound The Permissive Society 21. The Stormy 1970s: The Age of Stagflation The General Election of 1970 Conservative Reform Britain Joins the EEC The Northern Ireland Question Economic Dilemmas The General Elections of 1974 The Callaghan Years (1976-1979) VII. Contemporary Britain: Since 1979 22. The Thatcher Era and After (1979-1997) The First Years (1979-1982) The Split in the Labour Party The Falkland Islands War (1982) Privatization Education, Health, and Housing The Northern Ireland Question Once More The General Election of 1987 Thatcher's Last Years (1987-1990) The Election of 1992 The Government of John Major (1990-1997) 23. Entering the 21st Century: The Tony Blair Era The General Election of 1997 The Blair Honeymoon The Federalization of the United Kingdom Prospect and Retrospect Appendix Bibliography Index